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Proverbs 20:1 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Wine is a mocker, strong drink a brawler; And whosoever erreth thereby is not wise.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Wine [is] a mocker, strong drink [is] raging: and whosoever is deceived thereby is not wise.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Wine is a mocker, strong drink a brawler, And whoever is intoxicated by it is not wise.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Wine [is] a mocker, strong drink [is] raging: and whoever is deceived by it is not wise.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Wine is a scorner, strong drink is raging; and whoso erreth thereby is not wise.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Wine is, a scoffer, and strong drink, a brawler, every one therefore who erreth therein, is unwise.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Wine [is] a scorner—strong drink [is] noisy, And any going astray in it is not wise.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Wine is a luxurious thing, and drunkenness riotous: whosoever is delighted therewith, shall not be wise.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Wine [is] a mocker, strong drinke is raging: and whosoeuer is deceiued thereby, is not wise.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Wine is an intemperate thing, and strong drink full of violence: but every fool is entangled with them.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Wine [is] a mocker, strong drink [is] raging: and whosoever is deceived thereby is not wise.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Wine 3196
{3196} Prime
יַיִן
yayin
{yah'-yin}
From an unused root meaning to effervesce; wine (as fermented); by implication intoxication.
[is] a mocker, 3887
{3887} Prime
לוּץ
luwts
{loots}
A primitive root; properly to make mouths at, that is, to scoff; hence (from the effort to pronounce a foreign language) to interpret, or (generally) intercede.
z8801
<8801> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 309
strong drink 7941
{7941} Prime
שֵׁכָר
shekar
{shay-kawr'}
From H7937; an intoxicant, that is, intensely alcoholic liquor.
[is] raging: 1993
{1993} Prime
הָמָה
hamah
{haw-maw'}
A primitive root (compare H1949); to make a loud sound (like English 'hum'); by implication to be in great commotion or tumult, to rage, war, moan, clamor.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
and whosoever x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
is deceived 7686
{7686} Prime
שָׁגָה
shagah
{shaw-gaw'}
A primitive root; to stray (causatively mislead), usually (figuratively) to mistake, especially (morally) to transgress; by extension (through the idea of intoxication) to reel, (figuratively) be enraptured.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
thereby is not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
wise. 2449
{2449} Prime
חָכַם
chakam
{khaw-kam'}
A primitive root, to be wise (in mind, word or act).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Proverbs 20:1

_ _ mocker — scorner. Such men are made by wine.

_ _ strong drink — made by spicing wine (compare Isaiah 5:11, Isaiah 5:22); and it may include wine.

_ _ raging — or boisterous as a drunkard.

_ _ deceived — literally, “erring,” or reeling.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Proverbs 20:1

_ _ Here is, 1. The mischief of drunkenness: Wine is a mocker; strong drink is raging. It is so to the sinner himself; it mocks him, makes a fool of him, promises him that satisfaction which it can never give him. It smiles upon him at first, but at the last it bites. In reflection upon it, it rages in his conscience. It is raging in the body, puts the humours into a ferment. When the wine is in the wit is out, and then the man, according as his natural temper is, either mocks like a fool or rages like a madman. Drunkenness, which pretends to be a sociable thing, renders men unfit for society, for it makes them abusive with their tongues and outrageous in their passions, Proverbs 23:29. 2. The folly of drunkards is easily inferred thence. He that is deceived thereby, that suffers himself to be drawn into this sin when he is so plainly warned of the consequences of it, is not wise; he shows that he has no right sense or consideration of things; and not only so, but he renders himself incapable of getting wisdom; for it is a sin that infatuates and besots men, and takes away their heart. A drunkard is a fool, and a fool he is likely to be.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Proverbs 20:1

A mocker — Wine immoderately drunk makes men mockers. Raging — Makes men full of rage.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Proverbs 20:1

(a) Wine [is] a mocker, strong drink [is] raging: and whoever is deceived by it is not wise.

(a) By wine here is meant him that is given to wine, and so by strong drink.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Proverbs 23:29-35 Who hath woe? who hath sorrow? who hath contentions? who hath babbling? who hath wounds without cause? who hath redness of eyes? ... They have stricken me, [shalt thou say, and] I was not sick; they have beaten me, [and] I felt [it] not: when shall I awake? I will seek it yet again.
Proverbs 31:4 [It is] not for kings, O Lemuel, [it is] not for kings to drink wine; nor for princes strong drink:
Genesis 9:21-23 And he drank of the wine, and was drunken; and he was uncovered within his tent. ... And Shem and Japheth took a garment, and laid [it] upon both their shoulders, and went backward, and covered the nakedness of their father; and their faces [were] backward, and they saw not their father's nakedness.
Genesis 19:31-36 And the firstborn said unto the younger, Our father [is] old, and [there is] not a man in the earth to come in unto us after the manner of all the earth: ... Thus were both the daughters of Lot with child by their father.
1 Samuel 25:36-38 And Abigail came to Nabal; and, behold, he held a feast in his house, like the feast of a king; and Nabal's heart [was] merry within him, for he [was] very drunken: wherefore she told him nothing, less or more, until the morning light. ... And it came to pass about ten days [after], that the LORD smote Nabal, that he died.
2 Samuel 11:13 And when David had called him, he did eat and drink before him; and he made him drunk: and at even he went out to lie on his bed with the servants of his lord, but went not down to his house.
2 Samuel 13:28 Now Absalom had commanded his servants, saying, Mark ye now when Amnon's heart is merry with wine, and when I say unto you, Smite Amnon; then kill him, fear not: have not I commanded you? be courageous, and be valiant.
1 Kings 20:16-21 And they went out at noon. But Benhadad [was] drinking himself drunk in the pavilions, he and the kings, the thirty and two kings that helped him. ... And the king of Israel went out, and smote the horses and chariots, and slew the Syrians with a great slaughter.
Isaiah 28:7 But they also have erred through wine, and through strong drink are out of the way; the priest and the prophet have erred through strong drink, they are swallowed up of wine, they are out of the way through strong drink; they err in vision, they stumble [in] judgment.
Hosea 4:11 Whoredom and wine and new wine take away the heart.
Hosea 7:5 In the day of our king the princes have made [him] sick with bottles of wine; he stretched out his hand with scorners.
Habakkuk 2:15-16 Woe unto him that giveth his neighbour drink, that puttest thy bottle to [him], and makest [him] drunken also, that thou mayest look on their nakedness! ... Thou art filled with shame for glory: drink thou also, and let thy foreskin be uncovered: the cup of the LORD'S right hand shall be turned unto thee, and shameful spewing [shall be] on thy glory.
1 Corinthians 6:10 Nor thieves, nor covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor extortioners, shall inherit the kingdom of God.
Galatians 5:21 Envyings, murders, drunkenness, revellings, and such like: of the which I tell you before, as I have also told [you] in time past, that they which do such things shall not inherit the kingdom of God.
Ephesians 5:18 And be not drunk with wine, wherein is excess; but be filled with the Spirit;
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 9:21; 19:31. 1S 25:36. 2S 11:13; 13:28. 1K 20:16. Pv 23:29; 31:4. Is 28:7. Ho 4:11; 7:5. Hab 2:15. 1Co 6:10. Ga 5:21. Ep 5:18.

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