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Proverbs 19:22 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— That which maketh a man to be desired is his kindness; And a poor man is better than a liar.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The desire of a man [is] his kindness: and a poor man [is] better than a liar.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— What is desirable in a man is his kindness, And [it is] better to be a poor man than a liar.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The desire of a man [is] his kindness: and a poor man [is] better than a liar.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— The charm of a man is his kindness; and a poor [man] is better than a liar.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— The charm of a man, is his lovingkindness,—and better a poor man, than one who deceiveth.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— The desirableness of a man [is] his kindness, And better [is] the poor than a liar.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— A needy man is merciful: and better is the poor than the lying man.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The desire of a man [is] his kindnesse: and a poore man [is] better then a lyar.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Mercy is a fruit to a man: and a poor man is better than a rich liar.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The desire of a man [is] his kindness: and a poor man [is] better than a liar.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The desire 8378
{8378} Prime
From H0183 (abbreviated); a longing; by implication a delight (subjectively satisfaction, objectively a charm).
of a man 120
{0120} Prime
From H0119; ruddy, that is, a human being (an individual or the species, mankind, etc.).
[is] his kindness: 2617
{2617} Prime
From H2616; kindness; by implication (towards God) piety; rarely (by opprobrium) reproof, or (subjectively) beauty.
and a poor x7326
(7326) Complement
A primitive root; to be destitute.
man y7326
[7326] Standard
A primitive root; to be destitute.
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
(4480) Complement
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
(0376) Complement
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
[is] better 2896
{2896} Prime
From H2895; good (as an adjective) in the widest sense; used likewise as a noun, both in the masculine and the feminine, the singular and the plural (good, a good or good thing, a good man or woman; the good, goods or good things, good men or women), also as an adverb (well).
than y376
[0376] Standard
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
a liar. 3577
{3577} Prime
From H3576; falsehood; literally (untruth) or figuratively (idol).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Proverbs 19:22

_ _ desire — that is, to do good, indicates a kind disposition (Proverbs 11:23); and the poor thus affected are better than liars, who say and do not.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Proverbs 19:22

_ _ Note, 1. The honour of doing good is what we may laudably be ambitious of. It cannot but be the desire of man, if he have any spark of virtue in him, to be kind; one would not covet an estate for any thing so much as thereby to be put into a capacity of relieving the poor and obliging our friends. 2. It is far better to have a heart to do good and want ability for it than have ability for it and want a heart to it: The desire of a man to be kind, and charitable, and generous, is his kindness, and shall be so construed; both God and man will accept his good-will, according to what he has, and will not expect more. A poor man, who wishes you well, but can promise you nothing, because he has nothing to be kind with, is better than a liar, than a rich man who makes you believe he will do mighty things, but, when it comes to the setting to, will do nothing. the character of the men of low degree, that they are vanity, from whom nothing is expected, is better than that of men of high degree, that they are a lie, they deceive those whose expectations they raised.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Proverbs 19:22

The desire — The hearty desire of being kind is accepted by God, and should be owned by men as a real kindness. A poor man — Who is not able to give what he desires to do. A liar — Than a rich man who feeds the poor with fair promises, but doth not perform what he pretends.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Proverbs 19:22

The desire of a man [is] his (h) kindness: and a poor man [is] better than a liar.

(h) That is, that he be honest: for the poor man who is honest is to be esteemed above the rich who is not virtuous.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

1 Chronicles 29:2-3 Now I have prepared with all my might for the house of my God the gold for [things to be made] of gold, and the silver for [things] of silver, and the brass for [things] of brass, the iron for [things] of iron, and wood for [things] of wood; onyx stones, and [stones] to be set, glistering stones, and of divers colours, and all manner of precious stones, and marble stones in abundance. ... Moreover, because I have set my affection to the house of my God, I have of mine own proper good, of gold and silver, [which] I have given to the house of my God, over and above all that I have prepared for the holy house,
1 Chronicles 29:17 I know also, my God, that thou triest the heart, and hast pleasure in uprightness. As for me, in the uprightness of mine heart I have willingly offered all these things: and now have I seen with joy thy people, which are present here, to offer willingly unto thee.
2 Chronicles 6:8 But the LORD said to David my father, Forasmuch as it was in thine heart to build an house for my name, thou didst well in that it was in thine heart:
Mark 12:41-44 And Jesus sat over against the treasury, and beheld how the people cast money into the treasury: and many that were rich cast in much. ... For all [they] did cast in of their abundance; but she of her want did cast in all that she had, [even] all her living.
Mark 14:6-8 And Jesus said, Let her alone; why trouble ye her? she hath wrought a good work on me. ... She hath done what she could: she is come aforehand to anoint my body to the burying.
2 Corinthians 8:2-3 How that in a great trial of affliction the abundance of their joy and their deep poverty abounded unto the riches of their liberality. ... For to [their] power, I bear record, yea, and beyond [their] power [they were] willing of themselves;
2 Corinthians 8:12 For if there be first a willing mind, [it is] accepted according to that a man hath, [and] not according to that he hath not.


Proverbs 19:1 Better [is] the poor that walketh in his integrity, than [he that is] perverse in his lips, and is a fool.
Job 6:15 My brethren have dealt deceitfully as a brook, [and] as the stream of brooks they pass away;
Job 17:5 He that speaketh flattery to [his] friends, even the eyes of his children shall fail.
Psalms 62:9 Surely men of low degree [are] vanity, [and] men of high degree [are] a lie: to be laid in the balance, they [are] altogether [lighter] than vanity.
Titus 1:2 In hope of eternal life, which God, that cannot lie, promised before the world began;
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1Ch 29:2, 17. 2Ch 6:8. Jb 6:15; 17:5. Ps 62:9. Pv 19:1. Mk 12:41; 14:6. 2Co 8:2, 12. Tit 1:2.

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