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Proverbs 19:12 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The king's wrath is as the roaring of a lion; But his favor is as dew upon the grass.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The king's wrath [is] as the roaring of a lion; but his favour [is] as dew upon the grass.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The king’s wrath is like the roaring of a lion, But his favor is like dew on the grass.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The king's wrath [is] as the roaring of a lion; but his favor [is] as dew upon the grass.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— The king's displeasure is as the roaring of a lion; but his favour is as dew upon the grass.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— The growl as of a young lion, is the rage of a king, but, like dew upon the grass, is his good pleasure.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— The wrath of a king [is] a growl as of a young lion, And as dew on the herb his good-will.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— As the roaring of a lion, so also is the anger of a king: and his cheerfulness as the dew upon the grass.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The kings wrath [is] as the roaring of a lyon: but his fauour [is] as dewe vpon the grasse.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— The threatening of a king is like the roaring of a lion; but as dew on the grass, so is his favour.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The king's wrath [is] as the roaring of a lion; but his favour [is] as dew upon the grass.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The king's 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
wrath 2197
{2197} Prime
זַעַף
za`aph
{zah'-af}
From H2196; anger.
[is] as the roaring 5099
{5099} Prime
נַהַם
naham
{nah'-ham}
From H5098; a snarl.
of a lion; 3715
{3715} Prime
כְּפִיר
k@phiyr
{kef-eer'}
From H3722; a village (as covered in by walls); also a young lion (perhaps as covered with a mane).
but his favour 7522
{7522} Prime
רָצוֹן
ratsown
{raw-tsone'}
From H7521; delight.
[is] as dew 2919
{2919} Prime
טַל
tal
{tal}
From H2926; dew (as covering vegetation).
upon x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
the grass. 6212
{6212} Prime
עֵשֶׂב
`eseb
{eh'-seb}
From an unused root meaning to glisten (or be green); grass (or any tender shoot).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Proverbs 19:12

_ _ (Compare Proverbs 16:14, Proverbs 16:15; Proverbs 20:2). A motive to submission to lawful authority.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Proverbs 19:12

_ _ This is to the same purport with what we had Proverbs 16:14, Proverbs 16:15, and the design of it is, 1. To make kings wise and considerate in dispensing their frowns and smiles. They are not like those of common persons; their frowns are very terrible and their smiles very comfortable, and therefore it concerns them to be very careful that they never frighten a good man from doing well with their frowns, nor ever give countenance to a wicked man in doing ill with their smiles, for then they abuse their influence, Romans 13:3. 2. To make subjects faithful and dutiful to their princes. Let them be restrained from all disloyalty by the consideration of the dreadful consequence of having the government against them; and let them be encouraged in all good services to the public by the hopes of the favour of their prince. Christ is a King whose wrath against his enemies will be as the roaring of a lion (Revelation 10:3) and his favour to his own people as the refreshing dew, Psalms 72:6.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

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Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
king's:

Proverbs 16:14-15 The wrath of a king [is as] messengers of death: but a wise man will pacify it. ... In the light of the king's countenance [is] life; and his favour [is] as a cloud of the latter rain.
Proverbs 20:2 The fear of a king [is] as the roaring of a lion: [whoso] provoketh him to anger sinneth [against] his own soul.
Proverbs 28:15 [As] a roaring lion, and a ranging bear; [so is] a wicked ruler over the poor people.
Esther 7:8 Then the king returned out of the palace garden into the place of the banquet of wine; and Haman was fallen upon the bed whereon Esther [was]. Then said the king, Will he force the queen also before me in the house? As the word went out of the king's mouth, they covered Haman's face.
Ecclesiastes 8:4 Where the word of a king [is, there is] power: and who may say unto him, What doest thou?
Daniel 2:12-13 For this cause the king was angry and very furious, and commanded to destroy all the wise [men] of Babylon. ... And the decree went forth that the wise [men] should be slain; and they sought Daniel and his fellows to be slain.
Daniel 3:19-23 Then was Nebuchadnezzar full of fury, and the form of his visage was changed against Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego: [therefore] he spake, and commanded that they should heat the furnace one seven times more than it was wont to be heated. ... And these three men, Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego, fell down bound into the midst of the burning fiery furnace.
Daniel 5:19 And for the majesty that he gave him, all people, nations, and languages, trembled and feared before him: whom he would he slew; and whom he would he kept alive; and whom he would he set up; and whom he would he put down.
Daniel 6:24 And the king commanded, and they brought those men which had accused Daniel, and they cast [them] into the den of lions, them, their children, and their wives; and the lions had the mastery of them, and brake all their bones in pieces or ever they came at the bottom of the den.
Luke 12:4-5 And I say unto you my friends, Be not afraid of them that kill the body, and after that have no more that they can do. ... But I will forewarn you whom ye shall fear: Fear him, which after he hath killed hath power to cast into hell; yea, I say unto you, Fear him.

his:

2 Samuel 23:4 And [he shall be] as the light of the morning, [when] the sun riseth, [even] a morning without clouds; [as] the tender grass [springing] out of the earth by clear shining after rain.
Psalms 72:6 He shall come down like rain upon the mown grass: as showers [that] water the earth.
Hosea 14:5 I will be as the dew unto Israel: he shall grow as the lily, and cast forth his roots as Lebanon.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

2S 23:4. Es 7:8. Ps 72:6. Pv 16:14; 20:2; 28:15. Ec 8:4. Dn 2:12; 3:19; 5:19; 6:24. Ho 14:5. Lk 12:4.

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