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Proverbs 18:24 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— He that maketh many friends [doeth it] to his own destruction; But there is a friend that sticketh closer than a brother.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— A man [that hath] friends must shew himself friendly: and there is a friend [that] sticketh closer than a brother.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— A man of [too many] friends [comes] to ruin, But there is a friend who sticks closer than a brother.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— A man [that hath] friends must show himself friendly: and there is a friend [that] sticketh closer than a brother.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— A man of [many] friends will come to ruin but there is a friend [that] sticketh closer than a brother.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— A man having [many] friends, shall come to ruin, but there is a loving one, who sticketh closer than a brother.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— A man with friends [is] to show himself friendly, And there is a lover adhering more than a brother!
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— A man amiable in society, shall be more friendly than a brother.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— A man that hath friends must shewe himselfe friendly: and there is a friend [that] sticketh closer then a brother.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— [Absent from Manuscript]
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— A man [that hath] friends must shew himself friendly: and there is a friend [that] sticketh closer than a brother.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
A man 376
{0376} Prime
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
[that hath] friends 7453
{7453} Prime
From H7462; an associate (more or less close).
must shew himself friendly: 7489
{7489} Prime
A primitive root; properly to spoil (literally by breaking to pieces); figuratively to make (or be) good for nothing, that is, bad (physically, socially or morally). (associate selves and show self friendly are by mistake for H7462.).
<8710> Grammar
Stem - Hithpolel (See H8824)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 2
and there is 3426
{3426} Prime
Perhaps from an unused root meaning to stand out, or exist; entity; used adverbially or as a copula for the substantive verb (H1961); there is or are (or any other form of the verb to be, as may suit the connection).
a friend 157
{0157} Prime
A primitive root; to have affection for (sexually or otherwise).
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
[that] sticketh closer 1695
{1695} Prime
From H1692; adhering.
than a brother. 251
{0251} Prime
A primitive word; a brother (used in the widest sense of literal relationship and metaphorical affinity or resemblance (like H0001)).
(4480) Complement
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Proverbs 18:24

_ _ A man ... friendly — better, “A man ... (is) to, or, may triumph (Psalms 108:9), or, shout for joy (Psalms 5:11), that is, may congratulate himself.” Indeed, there is a Friend who is better than a brother; such is the “Friend of sinners” [Matthew 11:19; Luke 7:34], who may have been before the writer’s mind.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Proverbs 18:24

_ _ Solomon here recommends friendship to us, and shows, 1. What we must do that we may contract and cultivate friendship; we must show ourselves friendly. Would we have friends and keep them, we must not only not affront them, or quarrel with them, but we must love them, and make it appear that we do so by all expressions that are endearing, by being free with them, pleasing to them, visiting them and bidding them welcome, and especially by doing all the good offices we can and serving them in every thing that lies in our power; that is showing ourselves friendly.

Si vis amari, ama
If you wish to gain affection, bestow it.
— Sen.
Ut ameris, amabilis esto
The way to be beloved is to be lovely.
— Ovid.

_ _ 2. That it is worth while to do so, for we may promise ourselves a great deal of comfort in a true friend. A brother indeed is born for adversity, as he had said, Proverbs 17:17. In our troubles we expect comfort and relief from our relations, but sometimes there is a friend, that is nothing akin to us, the bonds of whose esteem and love prove stronger than those of nature, and, when it comes to the trial, will do more for us than a brother will. Christ is a friend to all believers that sticks closer than a brother; to him therefore let them show themselves friendly.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Proverbs 18:24

A man — Heb. A man of friends; who desires the friendship of others.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Proverbs 18:24

A man [that hath] friends must show himself friendly: and there is a friend [that] sticketh closer (q) than a brother.

(q) That is, often such are found who are more ready to do pleasure, than he that is more bound by duty.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
that hath:

Proverbs 17:17 A friend loveth at all times, and a brother is born for adversity.
Proverbs 27:9 Ointment and perfume rejoice the heart: so [doth] the sweetness of a man's friend by hearty counsel.
1 Samuel 19:4-5 And Jonathan spake good of David unto Saul his father, and said unto him, Let not the king sin against his servant, against David; because he hath not sinned against thee, and because his works [have been] to thee-ward very good: ... For he did put his life in his hand, and slew the Philistine, and the LORD wrought a great salvation for all Israel: thou sawest [it], and didst rejoice: wherefore then wilt thou sin against innocent blood, to slay David without a cause?
1 Samuel 30:26-31 And when David came to Ziklag, he sent of the spoil unto the elders of Judah, [even] to his friends, saying, Behold a present for you of the spoil of the enemies of the LORD; ... And to [them] which [were] in Hebron, and to all the places where David himself and his men were wont to haunt.
2 Samuel 9:1-13 And David said, Is there yet any that is left of the house of Saul, that I may shew him kindness for Jonathan's sake? ... So Mephibosheth dwelt in Jerusalem: for he did eat continually at the king's table; and was lame on both his feet.
2 Samuel 16:17 And Absalom said to Hushai, [Is] this thy kindness to thy friend? why wentest thou not with thy friend?
2 Samuel 17:27-29 And it came to pass, when David was come to Mahanaim, that Shobi the son of Nahash of Rabbah of the children of Ammon, and Machir the son of Ammiel of Lodebar, and Barzillai the Gileadite of Rogelim, ... And honey, and butter, and sheep, and cheese of kine, for David, and for the people that [were] with him, to eat: for they said, The people [is] hungry, and weary, and thirsty, in the wilderness.
2 Samuel 19:30-39 And Mephibosheth said unto the king, Yea, let him take all, forasmuch as my lord the king is come again in peace unto his own house. ... And all the people went over Jordan. And when the king was come over, the king kissed Barzillai, and blessed him; and he returned unto his own place.
2 Samuel 21:7 But the king spared Mephibosheth, the son of Jonathan the son of Saul, because of the LORD'S oath that [was] between them, between David and Jonathan the son of Saul.
1 Chronicles 12:38-40 All these men of war, that could keep rank, came with a perfect heart to Hebron, to make David king over all Israel: and all the rest also of Israel [were] of one heart to make David king. ... Moreover they that were nigh them, [even] unto Issachar and Zebulun and Naphtali, brought bread on asses, and on camels, and on mules, and on oxen, [and] meat, meal, cakes of figs, and bunches of raisins, and wine, and oil, and oxen, and sheep abundantly: for [there was] joy in Israel.
Matthew 26:49-50 And forthwith he came to Jesus, and said, Hail, master; and kissed him. ... And Jesus said unto him, Friend, wherefore art thou come? Then came they, and laid hands on Jesus, and took him.


2 Samuel 1:26 I am distressed for thee, my brother Jonathan: very pleasant hast thou been unto me: thy love to me was wonderful, passing the love of women.
John 15:14-15 Ye are my friends, if ye do whatsoever I command you. ... Henceforth I call you not servants; for the servant knoweth not what his lord doeth: but I have called you friends; for all things that I have heard of my Father I have made known unto you.
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1S 19:4; 30:26. 2S 1:26; 9:1; 16:17; 17:27; 19:30; 21:7. 1Ch 12:38. Pv 17:17; 27:9. Mt 26:49. Jn 15:14.

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