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Proverbs 18:23 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The poor useth entreaties; But the rich answereth roughly.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The poor useth intreaties; but the rich answereth roughly.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The poor man utters supplications, But the rich man answers roughly.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The poor useth entreaties; but the rich answereth roughly.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— He that is poor speaketh with supplications, but the rich answereth roughly.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Supplications, doth the poor man utter, but, the rich, answereth fiercely.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— [With] supplications doth the poor speak, And the rich answereth fierce things.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The poor will speak with supplications, and the rich will speak roughly.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The poore vseth intreaties, but the rich answereth roughly.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— [Absent from Manuscript]
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The poor useth intreaties; but the rich answereth roughly.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The poor 7326
{7326} Prime
A primitive root; to be destitute.
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
useth 1696
{1696} Prime
A primitive root; perhaps properly to arrange; but used figuratively (of words) to speak; rarely (in a destructive sense) to subdue.
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
intreaties; 8469
{8469} Prime
From H2603; earnest prayer.
but the rich 6223
{6223} Prime
From H6238; rich, whether literally or figuratively (noble).
answereth 6030
{6030} Prime
A primitive root; properly to eye or (generally) to heed, that is, pay attention; by implication to respond; by extension to begin to speak; specifically to sing, shout, testify, announce.
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
roughly. 5794
{5794} Prime
From H5810; strong, vehement, harsh.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Proverbs 18:23

_ _ the rich ... roughly — He is tolerated because rich, implying that the estimate of men by wealth is wrong.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Proverbs 18:23

_ _ Note, 1. Poverty, though many inconveniences to the body attend it, has often a good effect upon the spirit, for it makes men humble and submissive, and mortifies their pride. It teaches them to use entreaties. When necessity forces men to beg it tells them they must not prescribe or demand, but take what is given them and be thankful. At the throne of God's grace we are all poor, and must use entreaties, not answer, but make application, must sue sub forma pauperisas a pauper. 2. A prosperous condition, though it has many advantages, has often this mischief attending it, that it makes men proud, haughty, and imperious: The rich answers the entreaties of the poor roughly, as Nabal answered David's messengers with railing. It is a very foolish humour of some rich men, especially those who have risen from little, that they think their riches will warrant them to give hard words, and, even where they not design any rough dealing, that it becomes them to answer roughly, whereas gentlemen ought to be gentle, James 3:17.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

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Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Ruth 2:7 And she said, I pray you, let me glean and gather after the reapers among the sheaves: so she came, and hath continued even from the morning until now, that she tarried a little in the house.
1 Samuel 2:36 And it shall come to pass, [that] every one that is left in thine house shall come [and] crouch to him for a piece of silver and a morsel of bread, and shall say, Put me, I pray thee, into one of the priests' offices, that I may eat a piece of bread.
2 Kings 4:1-2 Now there cried a certain woman of the wives of the sons of the prophets unto Elisha, saying, Thy servant my husband is dead; and thou knowest that thy servant did fear the LORD: and the creditor is come to take unto him my two sons to be bondmen. ... And Elisha said unto her, What shall I do for thee? tell me, what hast thou in the house? And she said, Thine handmaid hath not any thing in the house, save a pot of oil.
Isaiah 66:2 For all those [things] hath mine hand made, and all those [things] have been, saith the LORD: but to this [man] will I look, [even] to [him that is] poor and of a contrite spirit, and trembleth at my word.
Matthew 5:3 Blessed [are] the poor in spirit: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
James 1:9-11 Let the brother of low degree rejoice in that he is exalted: ... For the sun is no sooner risen with a burning heat, but it withereth the grass, and the flower thereof falleth, and the grace of the fashion of it perisheth: so also shall the rich man fade away in his ways.


Genesis 42:7 And Joseph saw his brethren, and he knew them, but made himself strange unto them, and spake roughly unto them; and he said unto them, Whence come ye? And they said, From the land of Canaan to buy food.
Genesis 42:30 The man, [who is] the lord of the land, spake roughly to us, and took us for spies of the country.
Exodus 5:2 And Pharaoh said, Who [is] the LORD, that I should obey his voice to let Israel go? I know not the LORD, neither will I let Israel go.
1 Samuel 25:10 And Nabal answered David's servants, and said, Who [is] David? and who [is] the son of Jesse? there be many servants now a days that break away every man from his master.
1 Samuel 25:17 Now therefore know and consider what thou wilt do; for evil is determined against our master, and against all his household: for he [is such] a son of Belial, that [a man] cannot speak to him.
James 2:3 And ye have respect to him that weareth the gay clothing, and say unto him, Sit thou here in a good place; and say to the poor, Stand thou there, or sit here under my footstool:
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 42:7, 30. Ex 5:2. Ru 2:7. 1S 2:36; 25:10, 17. 2K 4:1. Is 66:2. Mt 5:3. Jm 1:9; 2:3.

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