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Proverbs 18:14 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The spirit of a man will sustain his infirmity; But a broken spirit who can bear?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The spirit of a man will sustain his infirmity; but a wounded spirit who can bear?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The spirit of a man can endure his sickness, But [as for] a broken spirit who can bear it?
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The spirit of a man will sustain his infirmity; but a wounded spirit who can bear?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— The spirit of a man sustaineth his infirmity; but a broken spirit who can bear?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— The spirit of a man, sustaineth his sickness, but, a dejected spirit, who can bear it?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— The spirit of a man sustaineth his sickness, And a smitten spirit who doth bear?
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The spirit of a man upholdeth his infirmity: but a spirit that is easily angered, who can bear?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The spirit of a man will sustaine his infirmitie: but a wounded spirit who can beare?
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— A wise servant calms a man's anger; but who can endure a faint-hearted man?
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The spirit of a man will sustain his infirmity; but a wounded spirit who can bear?

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The spirit 7307
{7307} Prime
רוּחַ
ruwach
{roo'-akh}
From H7306; wind; by resemblance breath, that is, a sensible (or even violent) exhalation; figuratively life, anger, unsubstantiality; by extension a region of the sky; by resemblance spirit, but only of a rational being (including its expression and functions).
of a man 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
will sustain 3557
{3557} Prime
כּול
kuwl
{kool}
A primitive root; properly to keep in; hence to measure; figuratively to maintain (in various senses).
z8770
<8770> Grammar
Stem - Pilpel (See H8842)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 18
his infirmity; 4245
{4245} Prime
מַחֲלֶה
machaleh
{makh-al-eh'}
From H2470; sickness.
but a wounded 5218
{5218} Prime
נָכֵא
nake'
{naw-kay'}
From H5217; smitten, that is, (figuratively) afflicted.
spirit 7307
{7307} Prime
רוּחַ
ruwach
{roo'-akh}
From H7306; wind; by resemblance breath, that is, a sensible (or even violent) exhalation; figuratively life, anger, unsubstantiality; by extension a region of the sky; by resemblance spirit, but only of a rational being (including its expression and functions).
who x4310
(4310) Complement
מִי
miy
{me}
An interrogitive pronoun of persons, as H4100 is of things, who? (occasionally, by a peculiar idiom, of things); also (indefinitely) whoever; often used in oblique construction with prefix or suffix.
can bear? 5375
{5375} Prime
נָשָׂא
nasa'
{naw-saw'}
A primitive root; to lift, in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, absolutely and relatively.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Proverbs 18:14

_ _ infirmity — bodily sickness, or outward evil. The spirit, which sustains, being wounded, no support is left, except, as implied, in God.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Proverbs 18:14

_ _ Note, 1. Outward grievances are tolerable as long as the mind enjoys itself and is at ease. Many infirmities, many calamities, we are liable to in this world, in body, name, and estate, which a man may bear, and bear up under, if he have but good conduct and courage, and be able to act with reason and resolution, especially if he have a good conscience, and the testimony of that be for him; and, if the spirit of a man will sustain the infirmity, much more will the spirit of a Christian, or rather the Spirit of God witnessing and working with our spirits in a day of trouble. 2. The grievances of the spirit are of all others most heavy, and hardly to be borne; these make sore the shoulders which should sustain the other infirmities. If the spirit be wounded by the disturbance of the reason, dejection under the trouble, whatever it is, and despair of relief, if the spirit be wounded by the amazing apprehensions of God's wrath for sin, and the fearful expectations of judgment and fiery indignation, who can bear this? Wounded spirits cannot help themselves, nor do others know how to help them. It is therefore wisdom to keep conscience void of offence.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Proverbs 18:14

Sustain — Will easily support him under any outward troubles. Wounded — Dejected with the sense of its own guilt and misery.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Proverbs 18:14

The spirit of a man will sustain his infirmity; but (h) a wounded spirit who can bear?

(h) The mind can well bear the infirmity of the body, but when the spirit is wounded, it is hard to sustain.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
spirit:

Job 1:20-21 Then Job arose, and rent his mantle, and shaved his head, and fell down upon the ground, and worshipped, ... And said, Naked came I out of my mother's womb, and naked shall I return thither: the LORD gave, and the LORD hath taken away; blessed be the name of the LORD.
Job 2:7-10 So went Satan forth from the presence of the LORD, and smote Job with sore boils from the sole of his foot unto his crown. ... But he said unto her, Thou speakest as one of the foolish women speaketh. What? shall we receive good at the hand of God, and shall we not receive evil? In all this did not Job sin with his lips.
Psalms 147:3 He healeth the broken in heart, and bindeth up their wounds.
Romans 5:3-5 And not only [so], but we glory in tribulations also: knowing that tribulation worketh patience; ... And hope maketh not ashamed; because the love of God is shed abroad in our hearts by the Holy Ghost which is given unto us.
Romans 8:35-37 Who shall separate us from the love of Christ? [shall] tribulation, or distress, or persecution, or famine, or nakedness, or peril, or sword? ... Nay, in all these things we are more than conquerors through him that loved us.
2 Corinthians 1:12 For our rejoicing is this, the testimony of our conscience, that in simplicity and godly sincerity, not with fleshly wisdom, but by the grace of God, we have had our conversation in the world, and more abundantly to you-ward.
2 Corinthians 12:9-10 And he said unto me, My grace is sufficient for thee: for my strength is made perfect in weakness. Most gladly therefore will I rather glory in my infirmities, that the power of Christ may rest upon me. ... Therefore I take pleasure in infirmities, in reproaches, in necessities, in persecutions, in distresses for Christ's sake: for when I am weak, then am I strong.
James 1:2 My brethren, count it all joy when ye fall into divers temptations;
1 Peter 1:6 Wherein ye greatly rejoice, though now for a season, if need be, ye are in heaviness through manifold temptations:

but:

Proverbs 17:22 A merry heart doeth good [like] a medicine: but a broken spirit drieth the bones.
Job 6:4 For the arrows of the Almighty [are] within me, the poison whereof drinketh up my spirit: the terrors of God do set themselves in array against me.
Job 7:14-15 Then thou scarest me with dreams, and terrifiest me through visions: ... So that my soul chooseth strangling, [and] death rather than my life.
Job 10:15-17 If I be wicked, woe unto me; and [if] I be righteous, [yet] will I not lift up my head. [I am] full of confusion; therefore see thou mine affliction; ... Thou renewest thy witnesses against me, and increasest thine indignation upon me; changes and war [are] against me.
Psalms 30:9-10 What profit [is there] in my blood, when I go down to the pit? Shall the dust praise thee? shall it declare thy truth? ... Hear, O LORD, and have mercy upon me: LORD, be thou my helper.
Psalms 32:3-4 When I kept silence, my bones waxed old through my roaring all the day long. ... For day and night thy hand was heavy upon me: my moisture is turned into the drought of summer. Selah.
Psalms 38:2-4 For thine arrows stick fast in me, and thy hand presseth me sore. ... For mine iniquities are gone over mine head: as an heavy burden they are too heavy for me.
Psalms 42:10-11 [As] with a sword in my bones, mine enemies reproach me; while they say daily unto me, Where [is] thy God? ... Why art thou cast down, O my soul? and why art thou disquieted within me? hope thou in God: for I shall yet praise him, [who is] the health of my countenance, and my God.
Psalms 55:3 Because of the voice of the enemy, because of the oppression of the wicked: for they cast iniquity upon me, and in wrath they hate me.
Psalms 55:5 Fearfulness and trembling are come upon me, and horror hath overwhelmed me.
Psalms 77:2-3 In the day of my trouble I sought the Lord: my sore ran in the night, and ceased not: my soul refused to be comforted. ... I remembered God, and was troubled: I complained, and my spirit was overwhelmed. Selah.
Psalms 88:14-16 LORD, why castest thou off my soul? [why] hidest thou thy face from me? ... Thy fierce wrath goeth over me; thy terrors have cut me off.
Psalms 109:22 For I [am] poor and needy, and my heart is wounded within me.
Mark 14:33-34 And he taketh with him Peter and James and John, and began to be sore amazed, and to be very heavy; ... And saith unto them, My soul is exceeding sorrowful unto death: tarry ye here, and watch.
2 Corinthians 2:7 So that contrariwise ye [ought] rather to forgive [him], and comfort [him], lest perhaps such a one should be swallowed up with overmuch sorrow.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jb 1:20; 2:7; 6:4; 7:14; 10:15. Ps 30:9; 32:3; 38:2; 42:10; 55:3, 5; 77:2; 88:14; 109:22; 147:3. Pv 17:22. Mk 14:33. Ro 5:3; 8:35. 2Co 1:12; 2:7; 12:9. Jm 1:2. 1P 1:6.

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The will to live is one measure we use to overcome illness. A broken spirit is needed sometimes to allow God entrance into our hearts and souls. It is a wound, and a wound must be opened and emptied of the poison that keeps it from healing. God through His Holy Spirit uses the open wound to allow draining, refills it with the pure love that He gioves to us if we ask and allow.
- Evelyn Norris (11/2/2009 5:57:10 PM) [qBible.com]
Humans find it hard to bear broken spirits but not all broken spirits are bad it means God is able to give you His own spirit. Broken human spirit is maybe the best thing then God can create a whole new thing I would know.
- Michael Duston (10/18/2009 1:58:52 PM) [qBible.com]
I believe the Lord showed me this verse while searching for diseases that come upon you because of unforgivenss and bitterness...while looking up this in the greek - i found the spirit of a man, is that part of us that is offended, angry, bitter, hurt etc that sustains (holds onto, nourishes, supports) your sickness...so therefore when we hang onto unforgiveness, bitterness etc our spirit man nourishes that wound and therefore support or sustains our sickness....the Lord set me free with this verse for sure
- Cynthia Brand (10/17/2009 3:01:03 PM) [qBible.com]
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