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Proverbs 18:13 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— He that giveth answer before he heareth, It is folly and shame unto him.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— He that answereth a matter before he heareth [it], it [is] folly and shame unto him.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— He who gives an answer before he hears, It is folly and shame to him.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— He that answereth a matter before he heareth [it], it [is] folly and shame to him.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— He that giveth answer before he heareth, it is folly and shame unto him.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— He that answereth before he heareth, a folly, it is to him, and, a reproach.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Whoso is answering a matter before he heareth, Folly it is to him and shame.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— He that answereth before he heareth, sheweth himself to be a fool, and worthy of confusion.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— He that answereth a matter before he heareth [it], it is folly and shame vnto him.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Whoso answers a word before he hears [a cause], it is folly and reproach to him.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— He that answereth a matter before he heareth [it], it [is] folly and shame unto him.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
He that answereth 7725
{7725} Prime
שׁוּב
shuwb
{shoob}
A primitive root; to turn back (hence, away) transitively or intransitively, literally or figuratively (not necessarily with the idea of return to the starting point); generally to retreat; often adverbially again.
z8688
<8688> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 857
a matter 1697
{1697} Prime
דָּבָר
dabar
{daw-baw'}
From H1696; a word; by implication a matter (as spoken of) or thing; adverbially a cause.
before x2962
(2962) Complement
טֶרֶם
terem
{teh'-rem}
From an unused root apparently meaning to interrupt or suspend; properly non-occurrence; used adverbially not yet or before.
he heareth 8085
{8085} Prime
שָׁמַע
shama`
{shaw-mah'}
A primitive root; to hear intelligently (often with implication of attention, obedience, etc.; causatively to tell, etc.).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
[it], it x1931
(1931) Complement
הוּא
huw'
{hoo}
The second form is the feminine beyond the Pentateuch; a primitive word, the third person pronoun singular, he (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are.
[is] folly 200
{0200} Prime
אִוֶּלֶת
'ivveleth
{iv-veh'-leth}
From the same as H0191; silliness.
and shame 3639
{3639} Prime
כְּלִמָּה
k@limmah
{kel-im-maw'}
From H3637; disgrace.
unto him.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Proverbs 18:13

_ _ Hasty speech evinces self-conceit, and ensures shame (Proverbs 26:12).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Proverbs 18:13

_ _ See here how men often expose themselves by that very thing by which they hope to gain applause. 1. Some take a pride in being quick. They answer a matter before they hear it, hear it out, nay, as soon as they but hear of it. They think it is their honour to take up a cause suddenly; and, when they have heard one side, they think the matter so plain that they need not trouble themselves to hear the other; they are already apprized of it, and masters of all the merits of the cause. Whereas, though a ready wit is an agreeable thing to play with, it is solid judgment and sound wisdom that do business. 2. Those that take a pride in being quick commonly fall under the just reproach of being impertinent. It is folly for a man to go about to speak to a thing which he does not understand, or to pass sentence upon a matter which he is not truly and fully informed of, and has not patience to make a strict enquiry into; and, if it be folly, it is and will be shame.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
that:

Deuteronomy 13:14 Then shalt thou enquire, and make search, and ask diligently; and, behold, [if it be] truth, [and] the thing certain, [that] such abomination is wrought among you;
2 Samuel 16:4 Then said the king to Ziba, Behold, thine [are] all that [pertained] unto Mephibosheth. And Ziba said, I humbly beseech thee [that] I may find grace in thy sight, my lord, O king.
2 Samuel 19:24-30 And Mephibosheth the son of Saul came down to meet the king, and had neither dressed his feet, nor trimmed his beard, nor washed his clothes, from the day the king departed until the day he came [again] in peace. ... And Mephibosheth said unto the king, Yea, let him take all, forasmuch as my lord the king is come again in peace unto his own house.
Esther 3:10-15 And the king took his ring from his hand, and gave it unto Haman the son of Hammedatha the Agagite, the Jews' enemy. ... The posts went out, being hastened by the king's commandment, and the decree was given in Shushan the palace. And the king and Haman sat down to drink; but the city Shushan was perplexed.
Esther 8:5-17 And said, If it please the king, and if I have found favour in his sight, and the thing [seem] right before the king, and I [be] pleasing in his eyes, let it be written to reverse the letters devised by Haman the son of Hammedatha the Agagite, which he wrote to destroy the Jews which [are] in all the king's provinces: ... And in every province, and in every city, whithersoever the king's commandment and his decree came, the Jews had joy and gladness, a feast and a good day. And many of the people of the land became Jews; for the fear of the Jews fell upon them.
Job 29:16 I [was] a father to the poor: and the cause [which] I knew not I searched out.
Daniel 6:9 Wherefore king Darius signed the writing and the decree.
Daniel 6:14 Then the king, when he heard [these] words, was sore displeased with himself, and set [his] heart on Daniel to deliver him: and he laboured till the going down of the sun to deliver him.
John 7:51 Doth our law judge [any] man, before it hear him, and know what he doeth?

answereth a matter:
Heb. returneth a word
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 13:14. 2S 16:4; 19:24. Es 3:10; 8:5. Jb 29:16. Dn 6:9, 14. Jn 7:51.

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Don't answer a question until you understand both the question and the subject it was asked about.

Don't speak of a matter before you investigate and come to a certain conclusion.

"Don't judge a book by its cover" is a similar English proverb.
- Robert (9/10/2013 7:03:32 AM)
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