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Proverbs 17:27 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— He that spareth his words hath knowledge; And he that is of a cool spirit is a man of understanding.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— He that hath knowledge spareth his words: [and] a man of understanding is of an excellent spirit.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— He who restrains his words has knowledge, And he who has a cool spirit is a man of understanding.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— He that hath knowledge spareth his words: [and] a man of understanding is of an excellent spirit.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— He that hath knowledge spareth his words; and a man of understanding is of a cool spirit.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Sparing of his words, is one who valueth knowledge, and, of a thoughtful spirit, is a man of intelligence.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— One acquainted with knowledge is sparing his words, And the cool of temper [is] a man of understanding.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— He that setteth bounds to his words, is knowing and wise: and the man of understanding is of a precious spirit.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— He that hath knowledge, spareth his words: and a man of vnderstanding is of an excellent spirit.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— He that forbears to utter a hard word is discreet, and a patient man is wise.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— He that hath knowledge spareth his words: [and] a man of understanding is of an excellent spirit.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
He that hath y3045
[3045] Standard
ידע
yada`
{yaw-dah'}
A primitive root; to know (properly to ascertain by seeing); used in a great variety of senses, figuratively, literally, euphemistically and inferentially (including observation, care, recognition; and causatively instruction, designation, punishment, etc.).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
knowledge 1847
{1847} Prime
דַּעַת
da`ath
{dah'-ath}
From H3045; knowledge.
x3045
(3045) Complement
ידע
yada`
{yaw-dah'}
A primitive root; to know (properly to ascertain by seeing); used in a great variety of senses, figuratively, literally, euphemistically and inferentially (including observation, care, recognition; and causatively instruction, designation, punishment, etc.).
spareth 2820
{2820} Prime
חָשַׂךְ
chasak
{khaw-sak'}
A prim root; to restrain or (reflexively) refrain; by implication to refuse, spare, preserve; also (by interchange with H2821) to observe.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
his words: 561
{0561} Prime
אֵמֶר
'emer
{ay'-mer}
From H0559; something said.
[and] a man 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
of understanding 8394
{8394} Prime
תָּבוּן
tabuwn
{taw-boon'}
The second and third forms being feminine; from H0995; intelligence; by implication an argument; by extension caprice.
is of an excellent 3368
{3368} Prime
יָקָר
yaqar
{yaw-kawr'}
From H3365; valuable (objectively or subjectively).
z8675
<8675> Grammar
Kethiv Reading

Where the translators of the Authorised Version followed the qere reading rather than the kethiv.
y7119
[7119] Standard
קַר
qar
{kar}
Contracted from an unused root meaning to chill; cool; figuratively quiet.
spirit. 7307
{7307} Prime
רוּחַ
ruwach
{roo'-akh}
From H7306; wind; by resemblance breath, that is, a sensible (or even violent) exhalation; figuratively life, anger, unsubstantiality; by extension a region of the sky; by resemblance spirit, but only of a rational being (including its expression and functions).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Proverbs 17:27-28

_ _ Prudence of speech is commended as is an excellent or calm spirit, not excited to vain conversation.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Proverbs 17:27-28

_ _ Two ways a man may show himself to be a wise man: — 1. By the good temper, the sweetness and the sedateness, of his mind: A man of understanding is of an excellent spirit, a precious spirit (so the word is); he is one that looks well to his spirit, that it be as it should be, and so keeps it in an even frame, easy to himself and pleasant to others. A gracious spirit is a precious spirit, and renders a man amiable and more excellent than his neighbour. He is of a cool spirit (so some read it), not heated with passion, nor put into any tumult or disorder by the impetus of any corrupt affection, but even and stayed. A cool head with a warm heart is an admirable composition. 2. By the good government of his tongue. (1.) A wise man will be of few words, as being afraid of speaking amiss: He that has knowledge, and aims to do good with it, is careful, when he does speak to speak to the purpose, and says little in order that he may take time to deliberate. He spares his words, because they are better spared than ill-spent. (2.) This is generally taken for such a sure indication of wisdom that a fool may gain the reputation of being a wise man if he have but wit enough to hold his tongue, to hear, and see, and say little. If a fool hold his peace, men of candour will think him wise, because nothing appears to the contrary, and because it will be thought that he is making observations on what others say, and gaining experience, and is consulting with himself what he shall say, that he may speak pertinently. See how easy it is to gain men's good opinion and to impose upon them. But when a fool holds his peace God knows his heart, and the folly that is bound up there; thoughts are words to him, and therefore he cannot be deceived in his judgment of men.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
spareth:

Proverbs 10:19 In the multitude of words there wanteth not sin: but he that refraineth his lips [is] wise.
Proverbs 15:28 The heart of the righteous studieth to answer: but the mouth of the wicked poureth out evil things.
James 1:19 Wherefore, my beloved brethren, let every man be swift to hear, slow to speak, slow to wrath:
James 3:2 For in many things we offend all. If any man offend not in word, the same [is] a perfect man, [and] able also to bridle the whole body.

an excellent spirit:
or, a cool spirit,
Proverbs 16:32 [He that is] slow to anger [is] better than the mighty; and he that ruleth his spirit than he that taketh a city.
Ecclesiastes 9:17 The words of wise [men are] heard in quiet more than the cry of him that ruleth among fools.
James 3:18 And the fruit of righteousness is sown in peace of them that make peace.
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Pv 10:19; 15:28; 16:32. Ec 9:17. Jm 1:19; 3:2, 18.

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