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Proverbs 17:18 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— A man void of understanding striketh hands, And becometh surety in the presence of his neighbor.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— A man void of understanding striketh hands, [and] becometh surety in the presence of his friend.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— A man lacking in sense pledges And becomes guarantor in the presence of his neighbor.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— A man void of understanding striketh hands, [and] becometh surety in the presence of his friend.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— A senseless man striketh hands, becoming surety for his neighbour.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— A man lacking sense, is one who striketh hands, giving security, before his neighbour.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— A man lacking heart is striking hands, A surety he becometh before his friend.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— A foolish man will clap hands, when he is surety for his friend.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— A man void of vnderstanding striketh hands, [and] becommeth suretie in the presence of his friend.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— A foolish man applauds and rejoices over himself, [as he] also that becomes surety would make himself responsible for his own friends.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— A man void of understanding striketh hands, [and] becometh surety in the presence of his friend.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
A man 120
{0120} Prime
אָדָם
'adam
{aw-dawm'}
From H0119; ruddy, that is, a human being (an individual or the species, mankind, etc.).
void 2638
{2638} Prime
חָסֵר
chacer
{khaw-sare'}
From H2637; lacking; hence without.
of understanding 3820
{3820} Prime
לֵב
leb
{labe}
A form of H3824; the heart; also used (figuratively) very widely for the feelings, the will and even the intellect; likewise for the centre of anything.
striketh 8628
{8628} Prime
תָּקַע
taqa`
{taw-kah'}
A primitive root; to clatter, that is, slap (the hands together), clang (an instrument); by analogy to drive (a nail or tent pin, a dart, etc.); by implication to become bondsman (by handclasping).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
hands, 3709
{3709} Prime
כַּף
kaph
{kaf}
From H3721; the hollow hand or palm (so of the paw of an animal, of the sole, and even of the bowl of a dish or sling, the handle of a bolt, the leaves of a palm tree); figuratively power.
[and] becometh 6148
{6148} Prime
עָרַב
`arab
{aw-rab'}
A primitive root; to braid, that is, intermix; technically to traffic (as if by barter); also to give or be security (as a kind of exchange).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
surety 6161
{6161} Prime
עֲרֻבָּה
`arubbah
{ar-oob-baw'}
Feminine passive participle of H6048 in the sense of a bargain or exchange; something given as security, that is, (literally) a token (of safety) or (metaphorically) a bondsman.
in the presence 6440
{6440} Prime
פָּנִים
paniym
{paw-neem'}
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
of his friend. 7453
{7453} Prime
רֵעַ
rea`
{ray'-ah}
From H7462; an associate (more or less close).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Proverbs 17:18

_ _ (Compare Proverbs 6:1-5; Proverbs 11:15).

_ _ in the presence, etc. — that is, he either fails to consult his friend, or to follow his advice.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Proverbs 17:18

_ _ Though Solomon had commended friendship in adversity (Proverbs 17:17), yet let not any, under pretence of being generous to their friends, be unjust to their families and wrong them; one part of our duty must be made to consist with another. Note, 1. It is a piece of wisdom to keep out of debt as much as may be, especially to dread suretiship. There may be a just occasion for a man to pass his word for his friend in his absence, till he come to engage himself; but to be surety in the presence of his friend, when he is upon the spot, supposes that his own word will not be taken, he being deemed insolvent or dishonest, and then who can with safety pass his word for him? 2. Those that are void of understanding are commonly taken in this snare, to the prejudice of their families, and therefore ought not to be trusted too far with their own affairs, but to be under direction.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Proverbs 17:18

Friend — Debtor, for whom being his friend, he becomes surety.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Proverbs 17:18

A man void of understanding (i) striketh hands, [and] becometh surety in the presence of his friend.

(i) Read (Proverbs 6:1).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
void:

Proverbs 6:1-5 My son, if thou be surety for thy friend, [if] thou hast stricken thy hand with a stranger, ... Deliver thyself as a roe from the hand [of the hunter], and as a bird from the hand of the fowler.
Proverbs 11:15 He that is surety for a stranger shall smart [for it]: and he that hateth suretiship is sure.
Proverbs 20:16 Take his garment that is surety [for] a stranger: and take a pledge of him for a strange woman.
Proverbs 22:16 He that oppresseth the poor to increase his [riches, and] he that giveth to the rich, [shall] surely [come] to want.
Proverbs 22:27 If thou hast nothing to pay, why should he take away thy bed from under thee?

understanding:
Heb. heart
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