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Proverbs 16:6 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— By mercy and truth iniquity is atoned for; And by the fear of Jehovah men depart from evil.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— By mercy and truth iniquity is purged: and by the fear of the LORD [men] depart from evil.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— By lovingkindness and truth iniquity is atoned for, And by the fear of the LORD one keeps away from evil.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— By mercy and truth iniquity is purged: and by the fear of the LORD [men] depart from evil.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— By loving-kindness and truth iniquity is atoned for; and by the fear of Jehovah [men] depart from evil.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— By lovingkindness and fidelity, shall iniquity be covered, and, in the revering of Yahweh, is a turning away from wrong.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— In kindness and truth pardoned is iniquity, And in the fear of Jehovah Turn thou aside from evil.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— By mercy and truth iniquity is redeemed; and by the fear of the Lord men depart from evil.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— By mercy and trueth iniquitie is purged: and by the feare of the LORD, men depart from euill.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— [Absent from Manuscript]
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— By mercy and truth iniquity is purged: and by the fear of Yahweh [men] depart from evil.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
By mercy 2617
{2617} Prime
חֶסֶד
checed
{kheh'-sed}
From H2616; kindness; by implication (towards God) piety; rarely (by opprobrium) reproof, or (subjectively) beauty.
and truth 571
{0571} Prime
אֱמֶת
'emeth
{eh'-meth}
Contracted from H0539; stability; figuratively certainty, truth, trustworthiness.
iniquity 5771
{5771} Prime
עָוֹן
`avon
{aw-vone'}
From H5753; perversity, that is, (moral) evil.
is purged: 3722
{3722} Prime
כָּפַר
kaphar
{kaw-far'}
A primitive root; to cover (specifically with bitumen); figuratively to expiate or condone, to placate or cancel.
z8792
<8792> Grammar
Stem - Pual (See H8849)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 93
and by the fear 3374
{3374} Prime
יִרְאָה
yir'ah
{yir-aw'}
Feminine of H3373; fear (also used as infinitive); morally reverence.
of Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
[men] depart 5493
{5493} Prime
סוּר
cuwr
{soor}
A primitive root; to turn off (literally or figuratively).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
from evil. 7451
{7451} Prime
רָע
ra`
{rah}
From H7489; bad or (as noun) evil (naturally or morally). This includes the second (feminine) form; as adjective or noun.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Proverbs 16:6

_ _ By mercy and truth — that is, God’s (Psalms 85:10); He effects the atonement, or covering of sin; and the principles of true piety incline men to depart from evil; or, “mercy” and “truth” may be man’s, indicative of the gracious tempers which work instrumentally in procuring pardon.

_ _ purged — expiated (as in Leviticus 16:33; Isaiah 27:9, Hebrew).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Proverbs 16:6

_ _ See here, 1. How the guilt of sin is taken away from us — by the mercy and truth of God, mercy in promising, truth in performing, the mercy and truth which kiss each other in Jesus Christ the Mediator — by the covenant of grace, in which mercy and truth shine so brightly — by our mercy and truth, as the condition of the pardon and a necessary qualification for it — by these, and not by the legal sacrifices, Micah 6:7, Micah 6:8. 2. How the power of sin is broken in us. By the principles of mercy and truth commanding in us the corrupt inclinations are purged out (so we may take the former part); however, by the fear of the Lord, and the influence of that fear, men depart from evil; those will not dare to sin against God who keep up in their minds a holy dread and reverence of him.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Proverbs 16:6

By mercy — By a merciful and just and faithful frame of heart and course of life. Is purged — As they qualify a man to offer up acceptable prayers to God for the pardon of his sins. By fear — By a filial reverence unto God. Depart — They are kept from abusing pardoning mercy, and from returning to folly or wickedness.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Proverbs 16:6

By (d) mercy and truth iniquity is purged: and by the fear of the LORD [men] depart from evil.

(d) Their upright and repenting life will be a token that their sins are forgiven.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
mercy:

Proverbs 20:28 Mercy and truth preserve the king: and his throne is upholden by mercy.
Psalms 85:10 Mercy and truth are met together; righteousness and peace have kissed [each other].
Daniel 4:27 Wherefore, O king, let my counsel be acceptable unto thee, and break off thy sins by righteousness, and thine iniquities by shewing mercy to the poor; if it may be a lengthening of thy tranquillity.
Micah 7:18-20 Who [is] a God like unto thee, that pardoneth iniquity, and passeth by the transgression of the remnant of his heritage? he retaineth not his anger for ever, because he delighteth [in] mercy. ... Thou wilt perform the truth to Jacob, [and] the mercy to Abraham, which thou hast sworn unto our fathers from the days of old.
Luke 11:41 But rather give alms of such things as ye have; and, behold, all things are clean unto you.
John 15:2 Every branch in me that beareth not fruit he taketh away: and every [branch] that beareth fruit, he purgeth it, that it may bring forth more fruit.
Acts 15:9 And put no difference between us and them, purifying their hearts by faith.
1 Peter 1:22 Seeing ye have purified your souls in obeying the truth through the Spirit unto unfeigned love of the brethren, [see that ye] love one another with a pure heart fervently:

by the:

Proverbs 8:13 The fear of the LORD [is] to hate evil: pride, and arrogancy, and the evil way, and the froward mouth, do I hate.
Proverbs 14:16 A wise [man] feareth, and departeth from evil: but the fool rageth, and is confident.
Proverbs 14:27 The fear of the LORD [is] a fountain of life, to depart from the snares of death.
Genesis 20:11 And Abraham said, Because I thought, Surely the fear of God [is] not in this place; and they will slay me for my wife's sake.
Nehemiah 5:9 Also I said, It [is] not good that ye do: ought ye not to walk in the fear of our God because of the reproach of the heathen our enemies?
Nehemiah 5:15 But the former governors that [had been] before me were chargeable unto the people, and had taken of them bread and wine, beside forty shekels of silver; yea, even their servants bare rule over the people: but so did not I, because of the fear of God.
Job 1:1-8 There was a man in the land of Uz, whose name [was] Job; and that man was perfect and upright, and one that feared God, and eschewed evil. ... And the LORD said unto Satan, Hast thou considered my servant Job, that [there is] none like him in the earth, a perfect and an upright man, one that feareth God, and escheweth evil?
Job 28:28 And unto man he said, Behold, the fear of the Lord, that [is] wisdom; and to depart from evil [is] understanding.
2 Corinthians 7:1 Having therefore these promises, dearly beloved, let us cleanse ourselves from all filthiness of the flesh and spirit, perfecting holiness in the fear of God.
Ephesians 5:21 Submitting yourselves one to another in the fear of God.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 20:11. Ne 5:9, 15. Jb 1:1; 28:28. Ps 85:10. Pv 8:13; 14:16, 27; 20:28. Dn 4:27. Mi 7:18. Lk 11:41. Jn 15:2. Ac 15:9. 2Co 7:1. Ep 5:21. 1P 1:22.

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