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Proverbs 16:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— All the ways of a man are clean in his own eyes; But Jehovah weigheth the spirits.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— All the ways of a man [are] clean in his own eyes; but the LORD weigheth the spirits.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— All the ways of a man are clean in his own sight, But the LORD weighs the motives.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— All the ways of a man [are] clean in his own eyes; but the LORD weigheth the spirits.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— All the ways of a man are clean in his own eyes; but Jehovah weigheth the spirits.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— All the ways of a man, [may be] pure in his own eyes, but, he that testeth spirits, is Yahweh.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— All the ways of a man are pure in his own eyes, And Jehovah is pondering the spirits.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— All the ways of a man are open to his eyes: the Lord is the weigher of spirits.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— All the wayes of a man [are] cleane in his owne eyes: but the LORD weigheth the spirits.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— All the works of the humble [man] are manifest with God; but the ungodly shall perish in an evil day.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— All the ways of a man [are] clean in his own eyes; but Yahweh weigheth the spirits.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
All x3605
(3605) Complement
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
the ways 1870
{1870} Prime
From H1869; a road (as trodden); figuratively a course of life or mode of action, often adverbially.
of a man 376
{0376} Prime
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
[are] clean 2134
{2134} Prime
From H2141; clear.
in his own eyes; 5869
{5869} Prime
Probably a primitive word; an eye (literally or figuratively); by analogy a fountain (as the eye of the landscape).
but Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
weigheth 8505
{8505} Prime
A primitive root; to balance, that is, measure out (by weight or dimension); figuratively to arrange, equalize, through the idea of levelling (mentally estimate, test).
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
the spirits. 7307
{7307} Prime
From H7306; wind; by resemblance breath, that is, a sensible (or even violent) exhalation; figuratively life, anger, unsubstantiality; by extension a region of the sky; by resemblance spirit, but only of a rational being (including its expression and functions).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Proverbs 16:2

_ _ clean — or, “faultless.”

_ _ weigheth — or, “tries,” “judges,” implying that they are faulty (Proverbs 21:2; Proverbs 24:12).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Proverbs 16:2

_ _ Note, 1. We are all apt to be partial in judging of ourselves: All the ways of a man, all his designs, all his doings, are clean in his own eyes, and he sees nothing amiss in them, nothing for which to condemn himself, or which should make his projects prove otherwise than well; and therefore he is confident of success, and that the answer of the tongue shall be according to the expectations of the heart; but there is a great deal of pollution cleaving to our ways, which we are not aware of, or do not think so ill of as we ought. 2. The judgment of God concerning us, we are sure, is according to truth: He weighs the spirits in a just and unerring balance, knows what is in us, and passes a judgment upon us accordingly, writing Tekel upon that which passed our scale with approbation — weighed in the balance and found wanting; and by his judgment we must stand or fall. He not only sees men's ways but tries their spirits, and we are as our spirits are.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Proverbs 16:2

Weigheth — Exactly knows as men do the things which they weigh. Spirits — The hearts of men.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Proverbs 16:2

All the ways of a man [are] (b) clean in his own eyes; but the LORD weigheth the spirits.

(b) He shows by it that man flatters himself in his doings, calling that virtue, which God terms vice.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the ways:

Proverbs 16:25 There is a way that seemeth right unto a man, but the end thereof [are] the ways of death.
Proverbs 21:2 Every way of a man [is] right in his own eyes: but the LORD pondereth the hearts.
Proverbs 30:12 [There is] a generation [that are] pure in their own eyes, and [yet] is not washed from their filthiness.
1 Samuel 15:13-14 And Samuel came to Saul: and Saul said unto him, Blessed [be] thou of the LORD: I have performed the commandment of the LORD. ... And Samuel said, What [meaneth] then this bleating of the sheep in mine ears, and the lowing of the oxen which I hear?
Psalms 36:2 For he flattereth himself in his own eyes, until his iniquity be found to be hateful.
Jeremiah 2:22-23 For though thou wash thee with nitre, and take thee much soap, [yet] thine iniquity is marked before me, saith the Lord GOD. ... How canst thou say, I am not polluted, I have not gone after Baalim? see thy way in the valley, know what thou hast done: [thou art] a swift dromedary traversing her ways;
Luke 18:9-11 And he spake this parable unto certain which trusted in themselves that they were righteous, and despised others: ... The Pharisee stood and prayed thus with himself, God, I thank thee, that I am not as other men [are], extortioners, unjust, adulterers, or even as this publican.
Romans 7:7-9 What shall we say then? [Is] the law sin? God forbid. Nay, I had not known sin, but by the law: for I had not known lust, except the law had said, Thou shalt not covet. ... For I was alive without the law once: but when the commandment came, sin revived, and I died.


Proverbs 5:21 For the ways of man [are] before the eyes of the LORD, and he pondereth all his goings.
Proverbs 24:12 If thou sayest, Behold, we knew it not; doth not he that pondereth the heart consider [it]? and he that keepeth thy soul, doth [not] he know [it]? and shall [not] he render to [every] man according to his works?
1 Samuel 16:7 But the LORD said unto Samuel, Look not on his countenance, or on the height of his stature; because I have refused him: for [the LORD seeth] not as man seeth; for man looketh on the outward appearance, but the LORD looketh on the heart.
Isaiah 26:7 The way of the just [is] uprightness: thou, most upright, dost weigh the path of the just.
Jeremiah 17:10 I the LORD search the heart, [I] try the reins, even to give every man according to his ways, [and] according to the fruit of his doings.
Daniel 5:27 TEKEL; Thou art weighed in the balances, and art found wanting.
Luke 16:15 And he said unto them, Ye are they which justify yourselves before men; but God knoweth your hearts: for that which is highly esteemed among men is abomination in the sight of God.
Revelation 2:18 And unto the angel of the church in Thyatira write; These things saith the Son of God, who hath his eyes like unto a flame of fire, and his feet [are] like fine brass;
Revelation 2:23 And I will kill her children with death; and all the churches shall know that I am he which searcheth the reins and hearts: and I will give unto every one of you according to your works.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

1S 15:13; 16:7. Ps 36:2. Pv 5:21; 16:25; 21:2; 24:12; 30:12. Is 26:7. Jr 2:22; 17:10. Dn 5:27. Lk 16:15; 18:9. Ro 7:7. Rv 2:18, 23.

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