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Proverbs 16:12 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— It is an abomination to kings to commit wickedness; For the throne is established by righteousness.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— [It is] an abomination to kings to commit wickedness: for the throne is established by righteousness.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— It is an abomination for kings to commit wicked acts, For a throne is established on righteousness.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— [It is] an abomination to kings to commit wickedness: for the throne is established by righteousness.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— It is an abomination to kings to commit wickedness; for the throne is established by righteousness.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— The abomination of kings, is to work lawlessness, for, by righteousness, is established a throne.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— An abomination to kings [is] doing wickedness, For by righteousness is a throne established.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— They that act wickedly are abominable to the king: for the throne is established by justice.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— [It is] an abomination to kings to commit wickednesse: for the throne is established by righteousnesse.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— An evil-doer is an abomination to a king; for the throne of rule is established by righteousness.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— [It is] an abomination to kings to commit wickedness: for the throne is established by righteousness.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
[It is] an abomination 8441
{8441} Prime
תּוֹעֵבָה
tow`ebah
{to-ay-baw'}
Feminine active participle of H8581; properly something disgusting (morally), that is, (as noun) an abhorrence; especially idolatry or (concretely) an idol.
to kings 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
to commit 6213
{6213} Prime
עָשָׂה
`asah
{aw-saw'}
A primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application.
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
wickedness: 7562
{7562} Prime
רֶשַׁע
resha`
{reh'-shah}
From H7561; a wrong (especially moral).
for x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
the throne 3678
{3678} Prime
כִּסֵּא
kicce'
{kis-say'}
From H3680; properly covered, that is, a throne (as canopied).
is established 3559
{3559} Prime
כּוּן
kuwn
{koon}
A primitive root; properly to be erect (that is, stand perpendicular);. hence (causatively) to set up, in a great variety of applications, whether literal (establish, fix, prepare, apply), or figurative (appoint, render sure, proper or prosperous).
z8735
<8735> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 1602
by righteousness. 6666
{6666} Prime
צְדָקָה
ts@daqah
{tsed-aw-kaw'}
From H6663; rightness (abstractly), subjectively (rectitude), objectively (justice), morally (virtue) or figuratively (prosperity).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Proverbs 16:12

_ _ Rulers are rightly expected, by their position, to hate evil; for their power is sustained by righteousness.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Proverbs 16:12

_ _ Here is, 1. The character of a good king, which Solomon intended not for his own praise, but for instruction to his successors, his neighbours, and the viceroys under him. A good king not only does justice, but it is an abomination to him to do otherwise. He hates the thought of doing wrong and perverting justice; he not only abhors the wickedness done by others, but abhors the wickedness done by others, but abhors to do any himself, though, having power, he might easily and safety do it. 2. The comfort of a good king: His throne is established by righteousness. He that makes conscience of using his power aright shall find that to be the best security of his government, both as it will oblige people, make them easy, and keep them in the interest of it, and as it will obtain the blessing of God, which will be a firm basis to the throne and a strong guard about it.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Proverbs 16:12

[It is] an abomination to kings to commit wickedness: for the throne is established (g) by righteousness.

(g) They are appointed by God to rule according to equity and justice.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
an:

Proverbs 28:9 He that turneth away his ear from hearing the law, even his prayer [shall be] abomination.
Deuteronomy 25:16 For all that do such things, [and] all that do unrighteously, [are] an abomination unto the LORD thy God.
Luke 12:48 But he that knew not, and did commit things worthy of stripes, shall be beaten with few [stripes]. For unto whomsoever much is given, of him shall be much required: and to whom men have committed much, of him they will ask the more.

for:

Proverbs 20:18 [Every] purpose is established by counsel: and with good advice make war.
Proverbs 25:5 Take away the wicked [from] before the king, and his throne shall be established in righteousness.
Proverbs 29:14 The king that faithfully judgeth the poor, his throne shall be established for ever.
Psalms 99:4 The king's strength also loveth judgment; thou dost establish equity, thou executest judgment and righteousness in Jacob.
Revelation 19:11 And I saw heaven opened, and behold a white horse; and he that sat upon him [was] called Faithful and True, and in righteousness he doth judge and make war.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 25:16. Ps 99:4. Pv 20:18; 25:5; 28:9; 29:14. Lk 12:48. Rv 19:11.

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