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Proverbs 16:1 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The plans of the heart belong to man; But the answer of the tongue is from Jehovah.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The preparations of the heart in man, and the answer of the tongue, [is] from the LORD.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The plans of the heart belong to man, But the answer of the tongue is from the LORD.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The preparations of the heart in man, and the answer of the tongue, [are] from the LORD.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— The purposes of the heart are of man, but the answer of the tongue is from Jehovah.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— To man, belong the preparations of the heart, but, from Yahweh, cometh the answer of the tongue.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Of man [are] arrangements of the heart, And from Jehovah an answer of the tongue.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— It is the part of man to prepare the soul: and of the Lord to govern the tongue.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The preparations of the heart in man, and the answere of the tongue, [is] from the LORD.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— [Absent from Manuscript]
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The preparations of the heart in man, and the answer of the tongue, [is] from Yahweh.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The preparations 4633
{4633} Prime
From H6168; an arrangement, that is, (figuratively) mental disposition.
of the heart 3820
{3820} Prime
A form of H3824; the heart; also used (figuratively) very widely for the feelings, the will and even the intellect; likewise for the centre of anything.
in man, 120
{0120} Prime
From H0119; ruddy, that is, a human being (an individual or the species, mankind, etc.).
and the answer 4617
{4617} Prime
From H6030; a reply (favorable or contradictory).
of the tongue, 3956
{3956} Prime
From H3960; the tongue (of man or animals), used literally (as the instrument of licking, eating, or speech), and figuratively (speech, an ingot, a fork of flame, a cove of water).
[is] from Yhw יָהוֶה. 3068
{3068} Prime
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
(4480) Complement
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Proverbs 16:1

_ _ preparations — schemes.

_ _ in man — or literally, “to man,” belonging, or pertaining to him.

_ _ the answer ... Lord — The efficient ordering is from God: “Man proposes; God disposes.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Proverbs 16:1

_ _ As we read this, it teaches us a great truth, that we are not sufficient of ourselves to think or speak any thing of ourselves that is wise and good, but that all our sufficiency is of God, who is with the heart and with the mouth, and works in us both to will and to do, Philippians 2:13; Psalms 10:17. But most read it otherwise: The preparation of the heart is in man (he may contrive and design this and the other) but the answer of the tongue, not only the delivering of what he designed to speak, but the issue and success of what he designed to do, is of the Lord. That is, in short, 1. Man purposes. He has a freedom of thought and a freedom of will permitted him; let him form his projects, and lay his schemes, as he thinks best: but, after all, 1. God disposes. Man cannot go on with his business without the assistance and blessing of God, who made man's mouth and teaches us what we shall say. Nay, God easily can, and often does, cross men's purposes, and break their measures. It was a curse that was prepared in Balaam's heart, but the answer of the tongue was a blessing.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Proverbs 16:1

From the Lord — Men can neither think nor speak wisely and well without Divine assistance.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Proverbs 16:1

The (a) preparations of the heart belong to man, and the answer of the tongue, [are] from the LORD.

(a) He derides the presumption of man, who dares to attribute anything to himself, as to prepare his heart or such like, seeing that he is not able to speak a word unless God gives it to him.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
or, disposings,
Proverbs 16:9 A man's heart deviseth his way: but the LORD directeth his steps.
Proverbs 19:21 [There are] many devices in a man's heart; nevertheless the counsel of the LORD, that shall stand.
Proverbs 20:24 Man's goings [are] of the LORD; how can a man then understand his own way?
Proverbs 21:1 The king's heart [is] in the hand of the LORD, [as] the rivers of water: he turneth it whithersoever he will.
2 Chronicles 18:31 And it came to pass, when the captains of the chariots saw Jehoshaphat, that they said, It [is] the king of Israel. Therefore they compassed about him to fight: but Jehoshaphat cried out, and the LORD helped him; and God moved them [to depart] from him.
Ezra 7:27 Blessed [be] the LORD God of our fathers, which hath put [such a thing] as this in the king's heart, to beautify the house of the LORD which [is] in Jerusalem:
Nehemiah 1:11 O Lord, I beseech thee, let now thine ear be attentive to the prayer of thy servant, and to the prayer of thy servants, who desire to fear thy name: and prosper, I pray thee, thy servant this day, and grant him mercy in the sight of this man. For I was the king's cupbearer.
Psalms 10:17 LORD, thou hast heard the desire of the humble: thou wilt prepare their heart, thou wilt cause thine ear to hear:
Psalms 119:36 Incline my heart unto thy testimonies, and not to covetousness.
Jeremiah 10:23 O LORD, I know that the way of man [is] not in himself: [it is] not in man that walketh to direct his steps.
Jeremiah 32:39-40 And I will give them one heart, and one way, that they may fear me for ever, for the good of them, and of their children after them: ... And I will make an everlasting covenant with them, that I will not turn away from them, to do them good; but I will put my fear in their hearts, that they shall not depart from me.
Ezekiel 36:26-27 A new heart also will I give you, and a new spirit will I put within you: and I will take away the stony heart out of your flesh, and I will give you an heart of flesh. ... And I will put my spirit within you, and cause you to walk in my statutes, and ye shall keep my judgments, and do [them].
2 Corinthians 8:16 But thanks [be] to God, which put the same earnest care into the heart of Titus for you.
Philippians 2:13 For it is God which worketh in you both to will and to do of [his] good pleasure.
James 1:16-18 Do not err, my beloved brethren. ... Of his own will begat he us with the word of truth, that we should be a kind of firstfruits of his creatures.


Exodus 4:11-12 And the LORD said unto him, Who hath made man's mouth? or who maketh the dumb, or deaf, or the seeing, or the blind? have not I the LORD? ... Now therefore go, and I will be with thy mouth, and teach thee what thou shalt say.
Exodus 4:15 And thou shalt speak unto him, and put words in his mouth: and I will be with thy mouth, and with his mouth, and will teach you what ye shall do.
Jeremiah 1:7-9 But the LORD said unto me, Say not, I [am] a child: for thou shalt go to all that I shall send thee, and whatsoever I command thee thou shalt speak. ... Then the LORD put forth his hand, and touched my mouth. And the LORD said unto me, Behold, I have put my words in thy mouth.
Matthew 10:19-20 But when they deliver you up, take no thought how or what ye shall speak: for it shall be given you in that same hour what ye shall speak. ... For it is not ye that speak, but the Spirit of your Father which speaketh in you.
Luke 12:11-12 And when they bring you unto the synagogues, and [unto] magistrates, and powers, take ye no thought how or what thing ye shall answer, or what ye shall say: ... For the Holy Ghost shall teach you in the same hour what ye ought to say.
Luke 21:14-15 Settle [it] therefore in your hearts, not to meditate before what ye shall answer: ... For I will give you a mouth and wisdom, which all your adversaries shall not be able to gainsay nor resist.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 4:11, 15. 2Ch 18:31. Ezr 7:27. Ne 1:11. Ps 10:17; 119:36. Pv 16:9; 19:21; 20:24; 21:1. Jr 1:7; 10:23; 32:39. Ezk 36:26. Mt 10:19. Lk 12:11; 21:14. 2Co 8:16. Php 2:13. Jm 1:16.

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