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Proverbs 15:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— A gentle tongue is a tree of life; But perverseness therein is a breaking of the spirit.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— A wholesome tongue [is] a tree of life: but perverseness therein [is] a breach in the spirit.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— A soothing tongue is a tree of life, But perversion in it crushes the spirit.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— A wholesome tongue [is] a tree of life: but perverseness in it [is] a breach in the spirit.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Gentleness of tongue is a tree of life; but crookedness therein is a breaking of the spirit.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Gentleness of the tongue, is a tree of life, but, crookedness therein, a grievous wound in the spirit.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— A healed tongue [is] a tree of life, And perverseness in it—a breach in the spirit.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— A peaceable tongue is a tree of life: but that which is immoderate, shall crush the spirit.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— A wholesome tongue [is] a tree of life: but peruersnesse therein [is] a breach in the spirit.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— The wholesome tongue is a tree of life, and he that keeps it shall be filled with understanding.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— A wholesome tongue [is] a tree of life: but perverseness therein [is] a breach in the spirit.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
A wholesome 4832
{4832} Prime
מַרְפֵּא
marpe'
{mar-pay'}
From H7495; properly curative, that is, literally (concretely) a medicine, or (abstractly) a cure; figuratively (concretely) deliverance, or (abstractly) placidity.
tongue 3956
{3956} Prime
לָשׁוֹן
lashown
{law-shone'}
From H3960; the tongue (of man or animals), used literally (as the instrument of licking, eating, or speech), and figuratively (speech, an ingot, a fork of flame, a cove of water).
[is] a tree 6086
{6086} Prime
עֵץ
`ets
{ates}
From H6095; a tree (from its firmness); hence wood (plural sticks).
of life: 2416
{2416} Prime
חַי
chay
{khah'-ee}
From H2421; alive; hence raw (flesh); fresh (plant, water, year), strong; also (as noun, especially in the feminine singular and masculine plural) life (or living thing), whether literally or figuratively.
but perverseness 5558
{5558} Prime
סֶלֶף
celeph
{seh'-lef}
From H5557; distortion, that is, (figuratively) viciousness.
therein [is] a breach 7667
{7667} Prime
שֶׁבֶר
sheber
{sheh'-ber}
From H7665; a fracture, figuratively ruin; specifically a solution (of a dream).
in the spirit. 7307
{7307} Prime
רוּחַ
ruwach
{roo'-akh}
From H7306; wind; by resemblance breath, that is, a sensible (or even violent) exhalation; figuratively life, anger, unsubstantiality; by extension a region of the sky; by resemblance spirit, but only of a rational being (including its expression and functions).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Proverbs 15:4

_ _ A wholesome tongue — (Compare Margin), pacifying and soothing language.

_ _ tree of life — (Proverbs 3:18; Proverbs 11:30).

_ _ perverseness therein — cross, ill-natured language.

_ _ breach ... spirit — (compare Isaiah 65:14, Hebrew), grieves, instead of appeasing.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Proverbs 15:4

_ _ Note, 1. A good tongue is healing, healing to wounded consciences by comforting them, to sin-sick souls by convincing them, to peace and love when it is broken by accommodating differences, compromising matters in variance, and reconciling parties at variance; this is the healing of the tongue, which is a tree of life, the leaves of which have a sanative virtue, Revelation 22:2. He that knows how to discourse will make the place he lives in a paradise. 2. An evil tongue is wounding (perverseness, passion, falsehood, and filthiness there, are a breach in the spirit); it wounds the conscience of the evil speaker, and occasions either guilt or grief to the hearers, and both are to be reckoned breaches in the spirit. Hard words indeed break no bones, but many a heart has been broken by them.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Proverbs 15:4

Wholesome — Which utters sound and useful counsels. Tree of life — Is greatly useful to preserve the present life, and to promote the spiritual and eternal life, both of the speaker and hearers. Perverseness — False or corrupt speeches. A breach — Disturbs and wounds the spirits, both of the speaker and hearers.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
A wholesome:
Heb. The healing of the,
Proverbs 12:18 There is that speaketh like the piercings of a sword: but the tongue of the wise [is] health.
Proverbs 16:24 Pleasant words [are as] an honeycomb, sweet to the soul, and health to the bones.
Malachi 4:2 But unto you that fear my name shall the Sun of righteousness arise with healing in his wings; and ye shall go forth, and grow up as calves of the stall.

a tree:

Proverbs 3:18 She [is] a tree of life to them that lay hold upon her: and happy [is every one] that retaineth her.
Genesis 3:22-24 And the LORD God said, Behold, the man is become as one of us, to know good and evil: and now, lest he put forth his hand, and take also of the tree of life, and eat, and live for ever: ... So he drove out the man; and he placed at the east of the garden of Eden Cherubims, and a flaming sword which turned every way, to keep the way of the tree of life.
1 Timothy 6:3 If any man teach otherwise, and consent not to wholesome words, [even] the words of our Lord Jesus Christ, and to the doctrine which is according to godliness;
Revelation 2:7 He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches; To him that overcometh will I give to eat of the tree of life, which is in the midst of the paradise of God.

a breach:

Proverbs 18:8 The words of a talebearer [are] as wounds, and they go down into the innermost parts of the belly.
Proverbs 18:14 The spirit of a man will sustain his infirmity; but a wounded spirit who can bear?
Proverbs 26:22 The words of a talebearer [are] as wounds, and they go down into the innermost parts of the belly.
Psalms 52:2-4 Thy tongue deviseth mischiefs; like a sharp razor, working deceitfully. ... Thou lovest all devouring words, O [thou] deceitful tongue.
Psalms 109:22 For I [am] poor and needy, and my heart is wounded within me.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 3:22. Ps 52:2; 109:22. Pv 3:18; 12:18; 16:24; 18:8, 14; 26:22. Mal 4:2. 1Ti 6:3. Rv 2:7.

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