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Proverbs 14:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Where no oxen are, the crib is clean; But much increase is by the strength of the ox.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Where no oxen [are], the crib [is] clean: but much increase [is] by the strength of the ox.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Where no oxen are, the manger is clean, But much revenue [comes] by the strength of the ox.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Where no oxen [are], the crib [is] clean: but much increase [is] by the strength of the ox.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Where no oxen are, the crib is clean; but much increase is by the strength of the ox.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Without cattle, the crib is clean, but, much increase, is in the strength of the ox.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Without oxen a stall [is] clean, And great [is] the increase by the power of the ox.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Where there are no oxen, the crib is empty: but where there is much corn, there the strength of the ox is manifest.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Where no Oxen [are], the crib [is] cleane: but much increase [is] by the strength of the Oxe.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Where no oxen are, the cribs are clean; but where there is abundant produce, the strength of the ox is apparent.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Where no oxen [are], the crib [is] clean: but much increase [is] by the strength of the ox.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Where no x369
(0369) Complement
אַיִן
'ayin
{ah'-yin}
As if from a primitive root meaning to be nothing or not exist; a non-entity; generally used as a negative particle.
oxen 504
{0504} Prime
אֶלֶף
'eleph
{eh'-lef}
From H0502; a family; also (from the sense of yoking or taming) an ox or cow.
[are], the crib 18
{0018} Prime
אֵבוּס
'ebuwc
{ay-booce'}
From H0075; a manger or stall.
[is] clean: 1249
{1249} Prime
בַּר
bar
{bar}
From H1305 (in its various senses); beloved; also pure, empty.
but much 7230
{7230} Prime
רֹב
rob
{robe}
From H7231; abundance (in any respect).
increase 8393
{8393} Prime
תְּבוּאָה
t@buw'ah
{teb-oo-aw'}
From H0935; income, that is, produce (literally or figuratively).
[is] by the strength 3581
{3581} Prime
כֹּחַ
koach
{ko'-akh}
From an unused root meaning to be firm; vigor, literally (force, in a good or a bad sense) or figuratively (capacity, means, produce); also (from its hardiness) a large lizard.
of the ox. 7794
{7794} Prime
שׁוֹר
showr
{shore}
From H7788; a bullock (as a traveller). wall used by mistake for H7791.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Proverbs 14:4

_ _ crib is clean — empty; so “cleanness of teeth” denotes want of food (compare Amos 4:6). Men get the proper fruit of their doings (Galatians 6:7).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Proverbs 14:4

_ _ Note, 1. The neglect of husbandry is the way to poverty: Where no oxen are, to till the ground and tread out the corn, the crib is empty, is clean; there is no straw for the cattle, and consequently no bread for the service of man. Scarcity is represented by cleanness of teeth, Amos 4:6. Where no oxen are there is nothing to be done at the ground, and then nothing to be had out of it; the crib indeed is clean from dung, which pleases the neat and nice, that cannot endure husbandry because there is so much dirty work in it, and therefore will sell their oxen to keep the crib clean; but then not only the labour, but even the dung of the ox is wanted. This shows the folly of those who addict themselves to the pleasures of the country, but do not mind the business of it, who (as we say) keep more horses than kine, more dogs than swine; their families must needs suffer by it. 2. Those who take pains about their ground are likely to reap the profit of it. Those who keep that about them which is for use and service, not for state and show, more husbandmen than footmen, are likely to thrive. Much increase is by the strength of the ox; that is made for our service, and is profitable alive and dead.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Proverbs 14:4

The crib — The stable is empty of food for cattle, and much more for man. In the same sense cleanness of teeth is put for famine, Amos 4:6. The strength — By their labours, or by diligence in husbandry, which then was principally managed by oxen.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Proverbs 14:4

Where no (d) oxen [are], the crib [is] clean: but much increase [is] by the strength of the ox.

(d) By the ox is meant labour, and by the crib the barn, meaning, without labour there is no profit.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
clean:

Amos 4:6 And I also have given you cleanness of teeth in all your cities, and want of bread in all your places: yet have ye not returned unto me, saith the LORD.

but:

Proverbs 13:23 Much food [is in] the tillage of the poor: but there is [that is] destroyed for want of judgment.
1 Corinthians 9:9-11 For it is written in the law of Moses, Thou shalt not muzzle the mouth of the ox that treadeth out the corn. Doth God take care for oxen? ... If we have sown unto you spiritual things, [is it] a great thing if we shall reap your carnal things?
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Pv 13:23. Am 4:6. 1Co 9:9.

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