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Proverbs 14:34 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Righteousness exalteth a nation; But sin is a reproach to any people.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Righteousness exalteth a nation: but sin [is] a reproach to any people.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Righteousness exalts a nation, But sin is a disgrace to [any] people.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Righteousness exalteth a nation: but sin [is] a reproach to any people.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Righteousness exalteth a nation; but sin is a reproach to peoples.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Righteousness, exalteth a nation, but, a reproach to any people, is sin.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Righteousness exalteth a nation, And the goodliness of peoples [is] a sin-offering.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Justice exalteth a nation: but sin maketh nations miserable.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Righteousnes exalteth a nation: but sinne [is] a reproch to any people.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Righteousness exalts a nation: but sins diminish tribes.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Righteousness exalteth a nation: but sin [is] a reproach to any people.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Righteousness 6666
{6666} Prime
צְדָקָה
ts@daqah
{tsed-aw-kaw'}
From H6663; rightness (abstractly), subjectively (rectitude), objectively (justice), morally (virtue) or figuratively (prosperity).
exalteth 7311
{7311} Prime
רוּם
ruwm
{room}
A primitive root; to be high actively to rise or raise (in various applications, literally or figuratively).
z8787
<8787> Grammar
Stem - Polel (See H8847)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 72
a nation: 1471
{1471} Prime
גּוֹי
gowy
{go'-ee}
Apparently from the same root as H1465 (in the sense of massing); a foreign nation; hence a Gentile; also (figuratively) a troop of animals, or a flight of locusts.
but sin 2403
{2403} Prime
חַטָּאָה
chatta'ah
{khat-taw-aw'}
From H2398; an offence (sometimes habitual sinfulness), and its penalty, occasion, sacrifice, or expiation; also (concretely) an offender.
[is] a reproach 2617
{2617} Prime
חֶסֶד
checed
{kheh'-sed}
From H2616; kindness; by implication (towards God) piety; rarely (by opprobrium) reproof, or (subjectively) beauty.
to any people. 3816
{3816} Prime
לְאֹם
l@om
{leh-ome'}
From an unused root meaning to gather; a community.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Proverbs 14:34

_ _ Righteousness — just principles and actions.

_ _ exalteth — raises to honor.

_ _ is a reproach — brings on them the ill-will of others (compare Proverbs 13:6).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Proverbs 14:34

_ _ Note, 1. Justice, reigning in a nation, puts an honour upon it. A righteous administration of the government, impartial equity between man and man, public countenance given to religion, the general practice and profession of virtue, the protecting and preserving of virtuous men, charity and compassion to strangers (alms are sometimes called righteousness), these exalt a nation; they uphold the throne, elevate the people's minds, and qualify a nation for the favour of God, which will make them high, as a holy nation, Deuteronomy 26:19. 2. Vice, reigning in a nation, puts disgrace upon it: Sin is a reproach to any city or kingdom, and renders them despicable among their neighbours. The people of Israel were often instances of both parts of this observation; they were great when they were good, but when they forsook God all about them insulted them and trampled on them. It is therefore the interest and duty of princes to use their power for the suppression of vice and support of virtue.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Righteousness:

Deuteronomy 4:6-8 Keep therefore and do [them]; for this [is] your wisdom and your understanding in the sight of the nations, which shall hear all these statutes, and say, Surely this great nation [is] a wise and understanding people. ... And what nation [is there so] great, that hath statutes and judgments [so] righteous as all this law, which I set before you this day?
Deuteronomy 28:1-14 And it shall come to pass, if thou shalt hearken diligently unto the voice of the LORD thy God, to observe [and] to do all his commandments which I command thee this day, that the LORD thy God will set thee on high above all nations of the earth: ... And thou shalt not go aside from any of the words which I command thee this day, [to] the right hand, or [to] the left, to go after other gods to serve them.
Judges 2:6-14 And when Joshua had let the people go, the children of Israel went every man unto his inheritance to possess the land. ... And the anger of the LORD was hot against Israel, and he delivered them into the hands of spoilers that spoiled them, and he sold them into the hands of their enemies round about, so that they could not any longer stand before their enemies.
Jeremiah 2:2-25 Go and cry in the ears of Jerusalem, saying, Thus saith the LORD; I remember thee, the kindness of thy youth, the love of thine espousals, when thou wentest after me in the wilderness, in a land [that was] not sown. ... Withhold thy foot from being unshod, and thy throat from thirst: but thou saidst, There is no hope: no; for I have loved strangers, and after them will I go.
Hosea 13:1 When Ephraim spake trembling, he exalted himself in Israel; but when he offended in Baal, he died.

but:

Deuteronomy 28:15-68 But it shall come to pass, if thou wilt not hearken unto the voice of the LORD thy God, to observe to do all his commandments and his statutes which I command thee this day; that all these curses shall come upon thee, and overtake thee: ... And the LORD shall bring thee into Egypt again with ships, by the way whereof I spake unto thee, Thou shalt see it no more again: and there ye shall be sold unto your enemies for bondmen and bondwomen, and no man shall buy [you].
Deuteronomy 29:18-28 Lest there should be among you man, or woman, or family, or tribe, whose heart turneth away this day from the LORD our God, to go [and] serve the gods of these nations; lest there should be among you a root that beareth gall and wormwood; ... And the LORD rooted them out of their land in anger, and in wrath, and in great indignation, and cast them into another land, as [it is] this day.
Psalms 107:34 A fruitful land into barrenness, for the wickedness of them that dwell therein.
Ezekiel 16:1-63 Again the word of the LORD came unto me, saying, ... That thou mayest remember, and be confounded, and never open thy mouth any more because of thy shame, when I am pacified toward thee for all that thou hast done, saith the Lord GOD.
Ezekiel 22:1-23:49 Moreover the word of the LORD came unto me, saying, ... And they shall recompense your lewdness upon you, and ye shall bear the sins of your idols: and ye shall know that I [am] the Lord GOD.

any people:
Heb. nations
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 4:6; 28:1, 15; 29:18. Jg 2:6. Ps 107:34. Jr 2:2. Ezk 16:1; 22:1. Ho 13:1.

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