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Proverbs 14:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The heart knoweth its own bitterness; And a stranger doth not intermeddle with its joy.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The heart knoweth his own bitterness; and a stranger doth not intermeddle with his joy.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The heart knows its own bitterness, And a stranger does not share its joy.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The heart knoweth its own bitterness; and a stranger doth not intermeddle with its joy.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— The heart knoweth its own bitterness, and a stranger doth not intermeddle with its joy.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— The heart, knoweth its own bitterness, and, in its joy, no stranger shareth.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— The heart knoweth its own bitterness, And with its joy a stranger doth not intermeddle.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The heart that knoweth the bitterness of his own soul, in his joy the stranger shall not intermeddle.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The heart knoweth his owne bitternesse; and a stranger doth not intermeddle with his ioy.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— [If] a man's mind is intelligent, his soul is sorrowful; and when he rejoices, he has no fellowship with pride.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The heart knoweth his own bitterness; and a stranger doth not intermeddle with his joy.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The heart 3820
{3820} Prime
לֵב
leb
{labe}
A form of H3824; the heart; also used (figuratively) very widely for the feelings, the will and even the intellect; likewise for the centre of anything.
knoweth 3045
{3045} Prime
ידע
yada`
{yaw-dah'}
A primitive root; to know (properly to ascertain by seeing); used in a great variety of senses, figuratively, literally, euphemistically and inferentially (including observation, care, recognition; and causatively instruction, designation, punishment, etc.).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
his own 5315
{5315} Prime
נֶפֶשׁ
nephesh
{neh'-fesh}
From H5314; properly a breathing creature, that is, animal or (abstractly) vitality; used very widely in a literal, accommodated or figurative sense (bodily or mental).
bitterness; 4787
{4787} Prime
מָרָּה
morrah
{mor-raw'}
A form of H4786; trouble.
and a stranger 2114
{2114} Prime
זוּר
zuwr
{zoor}
A primitive root; to turn aside (especially for lodging); hence to be a foreigner, strange, profane; specifically (active participle) to commit adultery.
z8801
<8801> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 309
doth not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
intermeddle 6148
{6148} Prime
עָרַב
`arab
{aw-rab'}
A primitive root; to braid, that is, intermix; technically to traffic (as if by barter); also to give or be security (as a kind of exchange).
z8691
<8691> Grammar
Stem - Hithpael (See H8819)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 533
with his joy. 8057
{8057} Prime
שִׂמְחָה
simchah
{sim-khaw'}
From H8056; blithesomeness or glee, (religious or festival).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Proverbs 14:10

_ _ Each one best knows his own sorrows or joys.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Proverbs 14:10

_ _ This agrees with 1 Corinthians 2:11, What man knows the things of a man, and the changes of his temper, save the spirit of a man? 1. Every man feels most from his own burden, especially that which is a burden upon the spirits, for that is commonly concealed and the sufferer keeps it to himself. We must not censure the griefs of others, for we know not what they feel; their stroke perhaps is heavier than their groaning. 2. Many enjoy a secret pleasure, especially in divine consolations, which others are not aware of, much less are sharers in; and, as the sorrows of a penitent, so the joys of a believer are such as a stranger does not intermeddle with and therefore is no competent judge of.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Proverbs 14:10

Bitterness — The inward griefs and joys of mens hearts, are not known to any but a man's self.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Proverbs 14:10

The heart knoweth its own (g) bitterness; and a stranger doth not intermeddle with its joy.

(g) As a man's conscience is witness to his own grief, so another cannot feel the joy and comfort which a man feels in himself.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
heart:

Proverbs 15:13 A merry heart maketh a cheerful countenance: but by sorrow of the heart the spirit is broken.
Proverbs 18:14 The spirit of a man will sustain his infirmity; but a wounded spirit who can bear?
1 Samuel 1:10 And she [was] in bitterness of soul, and prayed unto the LORD, and wept sore.
2 Kings 4:27 And when she came to the man of God to the hill, she caught him by the feet: but Gehazi came near to thrust her away. And the man of God said, Let her alone; for her soul [is] vexed within her: and the LORD hath hid [it] from me, and hath not told me.
Job 6:2-4 Oh that my grief were throughly weighed, and my calamity laid in the balances together! ... For the arrows of the Almighty [are] within me, the poison whereof drinketh up my spirit: the terrors of God do set themselves in array against me.
Job 7:11 Therefore I will not refrain my mouth; I will speak in the anguish of my spirit; I will complain in the bitterness of my soul.
Job 9:18 He will not suffer me to take my breath, but filleth me with bitterness.
Job 10:1 My soul is weary of my life; I will leave my complaint upon myself; I will speak in the bitterness of my soul.
Ezekiel 3:14 So the spirit lifted me up, and took me away, and I went in bitterness, in the heat of my spirit; but the hand of the LORD was strong upon me.
Mark 14:33-34 And he taketh with him Peter and James and John, and began to be sore amazed, and to be very heavy; ... And saith unto them, My soul is exceeding sorrowful unto death: tarry ye here, and watch.
John 12:27 Now is my soul troubled; and what shall I say? Father, save me from this hour: but for this cause came I unto this hour.

his:
etc. Heb. the bitterness of his soul,
Genesis 42:21 And they said one to another, We [are] verily guilty concerning our brother, in that we saw the anguish of his soul, when he besought us, and we would not hear; therefore is this distress come upon us.

and:

Psalms 25:14 The secret of the LORD [is] with them that fear him; and he will shew them his covenant.
John 14:18 I will not leave you comfortless: I will come to you.
John 14:23 Jesus answered and said unto him, If a man love me, he will keep my words: and my Father will love him, and we will come unto him, and make our abode with him.
Philippians 4:7 And the peace of God, which passeth all understanding, shall keep your hearts and minds through Christ Jesus.
1 Peter 1:8 Whom having not seen, ye love; in whom, though now ye see [him] not, yet believing, ye rejoice with joy unspeakable and full of glory:
Revelation 2:17 He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches; To him that overcometh will I give to eat of the hidden manna, and will give him a white stone, and in the stone a new name written, which no man knoweth saving he that receiveth [it].
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 42:21. 1S 1:10. 2K 4:27. Jb 6:2; 7:11; 9:18; 10:1. Ps 25:14. Pv 15:13; 18:14. Ezk 3:14. Mk 14:33. Jn 12:27; 14:18, 23. Php 4:7. 1P 1:8. Rv 2:17.

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