; properly a cover
, that is, (literally) a village
in); (specifically) bitumen
(as used for coating
), and the henna
plant (as used for dyeing
); figuratively a redemption
of a man's
Contracted for H0582
(or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant
); a man
as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
; properly a breathing
creature, that is, animal
or (abstractly) vitality
; used very widely in a literal, accommodated or figurative sense (bodily or mental).
] his riches:
but the poor
A primitive root; to be destitute
Stem - Qal (See H8851
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814
Count - 5386
A primitive root; to hear
intelligently (often with implication of attention, obedience, etc.; causatively to tell
Stem - Qal (See H8851
Mood - Perfect (See H8816
Count - 12562
; a primitive particle; not
(the simple or abstract negation); by implication no
; often used with other particles.
_ _ Riches save some from punishment, while others suffer because they will not heed the rebuke of sloth, which makes and keeps them poor.
_ _ We are apt to judge of men's blessedness, at least in this world, by their wealth, and that they are more or less happy accordingly as they have more or less of this world's goods; but Solomon here shows what a gross mistake it is, that we may be reconciled to a poor condition, and may neither covet riches ourselves nor envy those that have abundance. 1. Those that are rich, if by some they are respected for their riches, yet, to balance that, by others they are envied and struck at, and brought in danger of their lives, which therefore they are forced to ransom with their riches. Slay us not, for we have treasures in the field, Jeremiah 41:8. Under some tyrants, it has been crime enough to be rich; and how little is a man beholden to his wealth when it only serves to redeem that life which otherwise would not have been exposed! 2. Those that are poor, if by some, that should be their friends, they are despised and overlooked, yet, to balance that, they are also despised and overlooked by others that would be their enemies if they had any thing to lose: The poor hear not rebuke, are not censured, reproached, accused, nor brought into trouble, as the rich are; for nobody thinks it worth while to take notice of them. When the rich Jews were carried captives to Babylon the poor of the land were left, 2 Kings 25:12. Welcome nothing, once in seven years. Cantabit vacuus coram latrone viator When a traveller is met by a robber he will rejoice at not having much property about him.
Riches Riches enable a man to redeem his life when it is in greatest danger, and poverty preserves a man from many injuries. Because they are cautious, that they may not provoke others; and because they are esteemed objects of pity.
The ransom of a man's life [is] his riches: but the poor (c) heareth not rebuke.
(c) For his poverty, he is not able to escape the threatenings, which the cruel oppressors use against him.
Proverbs 6:35 He will not regard any ransom; neither will he rest content, though thou givest many gifts.
Exodus 21:30 If there be laid on him a sum of money, then he shall give for the ransom of his life whatsoever is laid upon him.
Job 2:4 And Satan answered the LORD, and said, Skin for skin, yea, all that a man hath will he give for his life.
Psalms 49:6-10 They that trust in their wealth, and boast themselves in the multitude of their riches; ... For he seeth [that] wise men die, likewise the fool and the brutish person perish, and leave their wealth to others.
Jeremiah 41:8 But ten men were found among them that said unto Ishmael, Slay us not: for we have treasures in the field, of wheat, and of barley, and of oil, and of honey. So he forbare, and slew them not among their brethren.
Matthew 16:26 For what is a man profited, if he shall gain the whole world, and lose his own soul? or what shall a man give in exchange for his soul?
1 Peter 1:18-19 Forasmuch as ye know that ye were not redeemed with corruptible things, [as] silver and gold, from your vain conversation [received] by tradition from your fathers; ... But with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot:
- the poor:
2 Kings 24:14 And he carried away all Jerusalem, and all the princes, and all the mighty men of valour, [even] ten thousand captives, and all the craftsmen and smiths: none remained, save the poorest sort of the people of the land.
2 Kings 25:12 But the captain of the guard left of the poor of the land [to be] vinedressers and husbandmen.
Jeremiah 39:10 But Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard left of the poor of the people, which had nothing, in the land of Judah, and gave them vineyards and fields at the same time.
Zephaniah 3:12 I will also leave in the midst of thee an afflicted and poor people, and they shall trust in the name of the LORD.
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