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Proverbs 13:23 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Much food [is in] the tillage of the poor; But there is that is destroyed by reason of injustice.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Much food [is in] the tillage of the poor: but there is [that is] destroyed for want of judgment.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Abundant food [is in] the fallow ground of the poor, But it is swept away by injustice.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Much food [is in] the tillage of the poor: but there is [that is] destroyed for want of judgment.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Much food is in the tillage of the poor; but there is that is lost for want of judgment.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Much food, is in the fallow ground of the poor, but there is that is swept away, for want of justice.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Abundance of food—the tillage of the poor, And substance is consumed without judgment.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Much food is in the tillage of fathers: but for others it is gathered without judgment.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Much food [is in] the tillage of the poore: but there is that is destroyed for want of iudgement.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— The righteous shall spend many years in wealth: but the unrighteous shall perish suddenly.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Much food [is in] the tillage of the poor: but there is [that is] destroyed for want of judgment.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Much 7230
{7230} Prime
רֹב
rob
{robe}
From H7231; abundance (in any respect).
food 400
{0400} Prime
אֹכֶל
'okel
{o'-kel}
From H0398; food.
[is in] the tillage 5215
{5215} Prime
נִיר
niyr
{neer}
From H5214; properly ploughing, that is, (concretely) freshly ploughed land.
of the poor: 7326
{7326} Prime
רוּשׁ
ruwsh
{roosh}
A primitive root; to be destitute.
y7218
[7218] Standard
רֹאשׁ
ro'sh
{roshe}
From an unused root apparently meaning to shake; the head (as most easily shaken), whether literally or figuratively (in many applications, of place, time, rank, etc.).
z8676
<8676> Grammar
Qere Reading

Where the translators of the Authorised Version followed the kethiv reading rather than the qere.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
but there is 3426
{3426} Prime
יֵשׁ
yesh
{yaysh}
Perhaps from an unused root meaning to stand out, or exist; entity; used adverbially or as a copula for the substantive verb (H1961); there is or are (or any other form of the verb to be, as may suit the connection).
[that is] destroyed 5595
{5595} Prime
סָפָה
caphah
{saw-faw'}
A primitive root; properly to scrape (literally to shave; but usually figuratively) together (that is, to accumulate or increase) or away (that is, to scatter, remove or ruin; intransitively to perish).
z8737
<8737> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 793
for want 3808
{3808} Prime
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
of judgment. 4941
{4941} Prime
מִשְׁפָּט
mishpat
{mish-pawt'}
From H8199; properly a verdict (favorable or unfavorable) pronounced judicially, especially a sentence or formal decree (human or (particularly) divine law, individual or collectively), including the act, the place, the suit, the crime, and the penalty; abstractly justice, including a particular right, or privilege (statutory or customary), or even a style.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Proverbs 13:23

_ _ The laboring poor prosper more than those who injudiciously or wickedly strive, by fraud and violence, to supersede the necessity of lawful labor.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Proverbs 13:23

_ _ See here, 1. How a small estate may be improved by industry, so that a man, by making the best of every thing, may live comfortably upon it: Much food is in the tillage of the poor, the poor farmers, that have but a little, but take pains with that little and husband it well. Many make it an excuse for their idleness that they have but a little to work on, a very little to be doing with; but the less compass the field is of the more let the skill and labour of the owner be employed about it, and it will turn to a very good account. Let him dig, and he needs not beg. 2. How a great estate may be ruined by indiscretion: There is that has a great deal, but it is destroyed and brought to nothing for want of judgment, that is, prudence in the management of it. Men over-build themselves or over-buy themselves, keep greater company, or a better table, or more servants, than they can afford, suffer what they have to go to decay and do not make the most of it; by taking up money themselves, or being bound for others, their estates are sunk, their families reduced, and all for want of judgment.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Proverbs 13:23

The poor — Poor persons by their diligent labours, and God's blessing often grow rich. Destroyed — Or, consumed, brought to poverty, for want of discretion.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Proverbs 13:23

Much food [is in] the fallow ground of the (l) poor: but there is [that is] destroyed for lack of judgment.

(l) God blesses the labour of the poor, and consumes their goods who are negligent, because they think they have enough.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
food:

Proverbs 12:11 He that tilleth his land shall be satisfied with bread: but he that followeth vain [persons is] void of understanding.
Proverbs 12:14 A man shall be satisfied with good by the fruit of [his] mouth: and the recompence of a man's hands shall be rendered unto him.
Proverbs 27:18 Whoso keepeth the fig tree shall eat the fruit thereof: so he that waiteth on his master shall be honoured.
Proverbs 27:23-27 Be thou diligent to know the state of thy flocks, [and] look well to thy herds. ... And [thou shalt have] goats' milk enough for thy food, for the food of thy household, and [for] the maintenance for thy maidens.
Proverbs 28:19 He that tilleth his land shall have plenty of bread: but he that followeth after vain [persons] shall have poverty enough.
Ecclesiastes 5:9 Moreover the profit of the earth is for all: the king [himself] is served by the field.

destroyed:

Proverbs 6:6-11 Go to the ant, thou sluggard; consider her ways, and be wise: ... So shall thy poverty come as one that travelleth, and thy want as an armed man.
Proverbs 11:5-6 The righteousness of the perfect shall direct his way: but the wicked shall fall by his own wickedness. ... The righteousness of the upright shall deliver them: but transgressors shall be taken in [their own] naughtiness.
Psalms 112:5 A good man sheweth favour, and lendeth: he will guide his affairs with discretion.
Ecclesiastes 8:5-6 Whoso keepeth the commandment shall feel no evil thing: and a wise man's heart discerneth both time and judgment. ... Because to every purpose there is time and judgment, therefore the misery of man [is] great upon him.
Jeremiah 8:7-10 Yea, the stork in the heaven knoweth her appointed times; and the turtle and the crane and the swallow observe the time of their coming; but my people know not the judgment of the LORD. ... Therefore will I give their wives unto others, [and] their fields to them that shall inherit [them]: for every one from the least even unto the greatest is given to covetousness, from the prophet even unto the priest every one dealeth falsely.
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Ps 112:5. Pv 6:6; 11:5; 12:11, 14; 27:18, 23; 28:19. Ec 5:9; 8:5. Jr 8:7.

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