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Proverbs 13:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— A man shall eat good by the fruit of his mouth; But the soul of the treacherous [shall eat] violence.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— A man shall eat good by the fruit of [his] mouth: but the soul of the transgressors [shall eat] violence.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— From the fruit of a man’s mouth he enjoys good, But the desire of the treacherous is violence.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— A man shall eat good by the fruit of [his] mouth: but the soul of the transgressors [shall eat] violence.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— A man shall eat good by the fruit of his mouth; but the soul of the treacherous, violence.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Of the fruit of his mouth, shall a man eat what is good, but, the soul of the treacherous, [shall be sated with] violence.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— From the fruit of the mouth a man eateth good, And the soul of the treacherous—violence.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Of the fruit of his own month shall a man be filled with good things: but the soul of transgressors is wicked.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— A man shall eate good by the fruit of his mouth: but the soule of the transgressours, [shall eate] violence.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— A good [man] shall eat of the fruits of righteousness: but the lives of transgressors shall perish before their time.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— A man shall eat good by the fruit of [his] mouth: but the soul of the transgressors [shall eat] violence.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
A man 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
shall eat 398
{0398} Prime
אָכַל
'akal
{aw-kal'}
A primitive root; to eat (literally or figuratively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
good 2896
{2896} Prime
טוֹב
towb
{tobe}
From H2895; good (as an adjective) in the widest sense; used likewise as a noun, both in the masculine and the feminine, the singular and the plural (good, a good or good thing, a good man or woman; the good, goods or good things, good men or women), also as an adverb (well).
by the fruit 6529
{6529} Prime
פְּרִי
p@riy
{per-ee'}
From H6509; fruit (literally or figuratively).
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
of [his] mouth: 6310
{6310} Prime
פֶּה
peh
{peh}
From H6284; the mouth (as the means of blowing), whether literally or figuratively (particularly speech); specifically edge, portion or side; adverbially (with preposition) according to.
but the soul 5315
{5315} Prime
נֶפֶשׁ
nephesh
{neh'-fesh}
From H5314; properly a breathing creature, that is, animal or (abstractly) vitality; used very widely in a literal, accommodated or figurative sense (bodily or mental).
of the transgressors 898
{0898} Prime
בּגד
bagad
{baw-gad'}
A primitive root; to cover (with a garment); figuratively to act covertly; by implication to pillage.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
[shall eat] violence. 2555
{2555} Prime
חָמָס
chamac
{khaw-mawce'}
From H2554; violence; by implication wrong; by metonymy unjust gain.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Proverbs 13:2

_ _ shall eat — that is, obtain (Proverbs 12:14).

_ _ transgressors — as in Proverbs 2:22.

_ _ violence — or, “mischief” to themselves.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Proverbs 13:2

_ _ Note, 1. If that which comes from within, out of the heart, be good, and from a good treasure, it will return with advantage. Inward comfort and satisfaction will be daily bread; nay, it will be a continual feast to those who delight in that communication which is to the use of edifying. 2. Violence done will recoil in the face of him that does it: The soul of the transgressors that harbours and plots mischief, and vents it by word and deed, shall eat violence; they shall have their belly full of it. Reward her as she has rewarded thee, Revelation 18:6. Every man shall drink as he brews, eat as he speaks; for by our words we must be justified or condemned, Matthew 12:37. As our fruit is, so will our food be, Romans 6:21, Romans 6:22.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Proverbs 13:2

Shall eat — Shall receive comfort, and benefit by his wise and profitable discourses.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Proverbs 13:2

A man shall eat good by the fruit (a) of [his] mouth: but the soul of the transgressors [shall eat] violence.

(a) If he uses his tongue to God's glory, and the profit of his neighbour, God will bless him.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
eat:

Proverbs 12:14 A man shall be satisfied with good by the fruit of [his] mouth: and the recompence of a man's hands shall be rendered unto him.
Proverbs 18:20 A man's belly shall be satisfied with the fruit of his mouth; [and] with the increase of his lips shall he be filled.

the soul:

Proverbs 1:11-13 If they say, Come with us, let us lay wait for blood, let us lurk privily for the innocent without cause: ... We shall find all precious substance, we shall fill our houses with spoil:
Proverbs 1:18 And they lay wait for their [own] blood; they lurk privily for their [own] lives.
Proverbs 1:31 Therefore shall they eat of the fruit of their own way, and be filled with their own devices.
Proverbs 4:17 For they eat the bread of wickedness, and drink the wine of violence.
Proverbs 10:11 The mouth of a righteous [man is] a well of life: but violence covereth the mouth of the wicked.
Psalms 75:8 For in the hand of the LORD [there is] a cup, and the wine is red; it is full of mixture; and he poureth out of the same: but the dregs thereof, all the wicked of the earth shall wring [them] out, [and] drink [them].
Psalms 140:11 Let not an evil speaker be established in the earth: evil shall hunt the violent man to overthrow [him].
Jeremiah 25:27-31 Therefore thou shalt say unto them, Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Drink ye, and be drunken, and spue, and fall, and rise no more, because of the sword which I will send among you. ... A noise shall come [even] to the ends of the earth; for the LORD hath a controversy with the nations, he will plead with all flesh; he will give them [that are] wicked to the sword, saith the LORD.
Habakkuk 2:8 Because thou hast spoiled many nations, all the remnant of the people shall spoil thee; because of men's blood, and [for] the violence of the land, of the city, and of all that dwell therein.
Habakkuk 2:17 For the violence of Lebanon shall cover thee, and the spoil of beasts, [which] made them afraid, because of men's blood, and for the violence of the land, of the city, and of all that dwell therein.
Revelation 16:6 For they have shed the blood of saints and prophets, and thou hast given them blood to drink; for they are worthy.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 75:8; 140:11. Pv 1:11, 18, 31; 4:17; 10:11; 12:14; 18:20. Jr 25:27. Hab 2:8, 17. Rv 16:6.

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