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Proverbs 12:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— A righteous man regardeth the life of his beast; But the tender mercies of the wicked are cruel.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— A righteous [man] regardeth the life of his beast: but the tender mercies of the wicked [are] cruel.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— A righteous man has regard for the life of his animal, But [even] the compassion of the wicked is cruel.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— A righteous [man] regardeth the life of his beast: but the tender mercies of the wicked [are] cruel.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— A righteous man is concerned for the life of his beast; but the tender mercies of the wicked are cruel.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— A righteous man, regardeth the desire of his beast, but, the compassions of the lawless, are cruel.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— The righteous knoweth the life of his beast, And the mercies of the wicked [are] cruel.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The just regardeth the lives of his beasts: but the bowels of the wicked are cruel.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— A righteous man regardeth the life of his beast: but the tender mercies of the wicked [are] cruell.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— A righteous man has pity for the lives of his cattle; but the bowels of the ungodly are unmerciful.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— A righteous [man] regardeth the life of his beast: but the tender mercies of the wicked [are] cruel.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
A righteous 6662
{6662} Prime
צַדִּיק
tsaddiyq
{tsad-deek'}
From H6663; just.
[man] regardeth 3045
{3045} Prime
ידע
yada`
{yaw-dah'}
A primitive root; to know (properly to ascertain by seeing); used in a great variety of senses, figuratively, literally, euphemistically and inferentially (including observation, care, recognition; and causatively instruction, designation, punishment, etc.).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
the life 5315
{5315} Prime
נֶפֶשׁ
nephesh
{neh'-fesh}
From H5314; properly a breathing creature, that is, animal or (abstractly) vitality; used very widely in a literal, accommodated or figurative sense (bodily or mental).
of his beast: 929
{0929} Prime
בְּהֵמָה
b@hemah
{be-hay-maw'}
From an unused root (probably meaning to be mute); properly a dumb beast; especially any large quadruped or animal (often collectively).
but the tender mercies 7356
{7356} Prime
רַחַם
racham
{rakh'-am}
From H7355; compassion (in the plural); by extension the womb (as cherishing the foetus); by implication a maiden.
of the wicked 7563
{7563} Prime
רָשָׁע
rasha`
{raw-shaw'}
From H7561; morally wrong; concretely an (actively) bad person.
[are] cruel. 394
{0394} Prime
אַכְזָרִי
'akzariy
{ak-zawr-ree'}
From H0393; terrible.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Proverbs 12:10

_ _ regardeth — literally, “knoweth” (Psalms 1:6).

_ _ mercies ... cruel — as acts of compassion ungraciously rendered to the needy. The righteous more regards a beast than the wicked a man.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Proverbs 12:10

_ _ See here, 1. To how great a degree a good man will be merciful; he has not only a compassion for the human nature under its greatest abasements, but he regards even the life of his beast, not only because it is his servant, but because it is God's creature, and in conformity to Providence, which preserves man and beast. The beasts that are under our care must be provided for, must have convenient food and rest, must in no case be abused or tyrannised over. Balaam was checked for beating his ass. The law took care for oxen. Those therefore are unrighteous men that are not just to the brute-creatures; those that are furious and barbarous to them evidence, and confirm in themselves, a habit of barbarity, and help to make the creation groan, Romans 8:22. 2. To how great a degree a wicked man will be unmerciful; even his tender mercies are cruel; that natural compassion which is in him, as a man, is lost, and, by the power of corruption, is turned into hard-heartedness; even that which they will have to pass for compassion is really cruel, as Pilate's resolution concerning Christ the innocent, I will chastise him and let him go. Their pretended kindnesses are only a cover for purposed cruelties.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Proverbs 12:10

Regardeth — He will not destroy it either by labour beyond its strength, or by denying it necessary food or rest. Cruel — There is cruelty mixed even with their most merciful actions.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Proverbs 12:10

A righteous [man] (d) regardeth the life of his beast: but the tender mercies of the wicked [are] cruel.

(d) Is merciful, even to the very beast who does him service.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
righteous:

Genesis 33:13-14 And he said unto him, My lord knoweth that the children [are] tender, and the flocks and herds with young [are] with me: and if men should overdrive them one day, all the flock will die. ... Let my lord, I pray thee, pass over before his servant: and I will lead on softly, according as the cattle that goeth before me and the children be able to endure, until I come unto my lord unto Seir.
Numbers 22:28-32 And the LORD opened the mouth of the ass, and she said unto Balaam, What have I done unto thee, that thou hast smitten me these three times? ... And the angel of the LORD said unto him, Wherefore hast thou smitten thine ass these three times? behold, I went out to withstand thee, because [thy] way is perverse before me:
Deuteronomy 25:4 Thou shalt not muzzle the ox when he treadeth out [the corn].
John 4:11 The woman saith unto him, Sir, thou hast nothing to draw with, and the well is deep: from whence then hast thou that living water?

but:

Genesis 37:26-28 And Judah said unto his brethren, What profit [is it] if we slay our brother, and conceal his blood? ... Then there passed by Midianites merchantmen; and they drew and lifted up Joseph out of the pit, and sold Joseph to the Ishmeelites for twenty [pieces] of silver: and they brought Joseph into Egypt.
Judges 1:7 And Adonibezek said, Threescore and ten kings, having their thumbs and their great toes cut off, gathered [their meat] under my table: as I have done, so God hath requited me. And they brought him to Jerusalem, and there he died.
1 Samuel 11:2 And Nahash the Ammonite answered them, On this [condition] will I make [a covenant] with you, that I may thrust out all your right eyes, and lay it [for] a reproach upon all Israel.
John 19:31-32 The Jews therefore, because it was the preparation, that the bodies should not remain upon the cross on the sabbath day, (for that sabbath day was an high day,) besought Pilate that their legs might be broken, and [that] they might be taken away. ... Then came the soldiers, and brake the legs of the first, and of the other which was crucified with him.
James 2:13-16 For he shall have judgment without mercy, that hath shewed no mercy; and mercy rejoiceth against judgment. ... And one of you say unto them, Depart in peace, be [ye] warmed and filled; notwithstanding ye give them not those things which are needful to the body; what [doth it] profit?

tender mercies:
or, bowels,
1 John 3:17 But whoso hath this world's good, and seeth his brother have need, and shutteth up his bowels [of compassion] from him, how dwelleth the love of God in him?
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 33:13; 37:26. Nu 22:28. Dt 25:4. Jg 1:7. 1S 11:2. Jn 4:11; 19:31. Jm 2:13. 1Jn 3:17.

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