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Proverbs 11:17 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The merciful man doeth good to his own soul; But he that is cruel troubleth his own flesh.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The merciful man doeth good to his own soul: but [he that is] cruel troubleth his own flesh.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The merciful man does himself good, But the cruel man does himself harm.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The merciful man doeth good to his own soul: but [he that is] cruel troubleth his own flesh.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— The merciful man doeth good to his own soul; but the cruel troubleth his own flesh.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— The man of lovingkindness, dealeth well with his own soul, but the cruel man, troubleth his own flesh.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— A kind man is rewarding his own soul, And the fierce is troubling his own flesh.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— A merciful man doth good to his own soul: but he that is cruel casteth off even his own kindred.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The mercifull man doeth good to his owne soule: but he that is cruell, troubleth his owne flesh.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— A merciful man does good to his own soul: but the merciless destroys his own body.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The merciful man doeth good to his own soul: but [he that is] cruel troubleth his own flesh.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The merciful 2617
{2617} Prime
חֶסֶד
checed
{kheh'-sed}
From H2616; kindness; by implication (towards God) piety; rarely (by opprobrium) reproof, or (subjectively) beauty.
man 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
doeth good 1580
{1580} Prime
גָּמַל
gamal
{gaw-mal'}
A primitive root; to treat a person (well or ill), that is, benefit or requite; by implication (of toil) to ripen, that is, (specifically) to wean.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
to his own soul: 5315
{5315} Prime
נֶפֶשׁ
nephesh
{neh'-fesh}
From H5314; properly a breathing creature, that is, animal or (abstractly) vitality; used very widely in a literal, accommodated or figurative sense (bodily or mental).
but [he that is] cruel 394
{0394} Prime
אַכְזָרִי
'akzariy
{ak-zawr-ree'}
From H0393; terrible.
troubleth 5916
{5916} Prime
עָכַר
`akar
{aw-kar'}
A primitive root; properly to roil water; figuratively to disturb or afflict.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
his own flesh. 7607
{7607} Prime
שְׁאֵר
sh@'er
{sheh-ayr'}
From H7604; flesh (as swelling out), as living or for food; generally food of any kind; figuratively kindred by blood.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Proverbs 11:17

_ _ merciful — kind to others; opposed to cruel. Such benefit themselves by doing good to others (compare Proverbs 24:5), while the cruel injure themselves as well as others.

_ _ flesh — that is, his body, by penuriousness (Colossians 2:23).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Proverbs 11:17

_ _ It is a common principle, Every one for himself. Proximus egomet mihiNone so near to me as myself. Now, if this be rightly understood, it will be a reason for the cherishing of gracious dispositions in ourselves and the crucifying of corrupt ones. We are friends or enemies to ourselves, even in respect of present comfort, according as we are or are not governed by religious principles. 1. A merciful, tender, good humoured man, does good to his own soul, makes and keeps himself easy. He has the pleasure of doing his duty, and contributing to the comfort of those that are to him as his own soul; for we are members one of another. He that waters others with his temporal good things shall find that God will water him with his spiritual blessings, which will do the best good to his own soul. See Isaiah 58:7, etc. If thou hide not thy eyes from thy own flesh, but do good to others, as to thyself, if thou do good with thy own soul and draw that out to the hungry, thou wilt do good to thy own soul; for the Lord shall satisfy thy soul and make fat thy bones. Some make it part of the character of a merciful man, that he will make much of himself; that disposition which inclines him to be charitable to others will oblige him to allow himself also that which is convenient and to enjoy the good of all his labour. We may by the soul understand the inward man, as the apostle calls it, and then it teaches us that the first and great act of mercy is to provide well for our own souls the necessary supports of the spiritual life. 2. A cruel, froward, ill-natured man, troubles his own flesh, and so his sin becomes his punishment; he starves and dies for want of what he has, because he has not a heart to use it either for the good of others of for his own. He is vexatious to his nearest relations, that are, and should be, to him as his own flesh, Ephesians 5:29. Envy, and malice, and greediness of the world, are the rottenness of the bones and the consumption of the flesh.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Proverbs 11:17

The merciful man (k) doeth good to his own soul: but [he that is] cruel troubleth his own flesh.

(k) Rewards both himself and others.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
merciful:

Psalms 41:1-4 [[To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David.]] Blessed [is] he that considereth the poor: the LORD will deliver him in time of trouble. ... I said, LORD, be merciful unto me: heal my soul; for I have sinned against thee.
Psalms 112:4-9 Unto the upright there ariseth light in the darkness: [he is] gracious, and full of compassion, and righteous. ... He hath dispersed, he hath given to the poor; his righteousness endureth for ever; his horn shall be exalted with honour.
Isaiah 32:7-8 The instruments also of the churl [are] evil: he deviseth wicked devices to destroy the poor with lying words, even when the needy speaketh right. ... But the liberal deviseth liberal things; and by liberal things shall he stand.
Isaiah 57:1 The righteous perisheth, and no man layeth [it] to heart: and merciful men [are] taken away, none considering that the righteous is taken away from the evil [to come].
Isaiah 58:7-12 [Is it] not to deal thy bread to the hungry, and that thou bring the poor that are cast out to thy house? when thou seest the naked, that thou cover him; and that thou hide not thyself from thine own flesh? ... And [they that shall be] of thee shall build the old waste places: thou shalt raise up the foundations of many generations; and thou shalt be called, The repairer of the breach, The restorer of paths to dwell in.
Daniel 4:27 Wherefore, O king, let my counsel be acceptable unto thee, and break off thy sins by righteousness, and thine iniquities by shewing mercy to the poor; if it may be a lengthening of thy tranquillity.
Matthew 5:7 Blessed [are] the merciful: for they shall obtain mercy.
Matthew 6:14-15 For if ye forgive men their trespasses, your heavenly Father will also forgive you: ... But if ye forgive not men their trespasses, neither will your Father forgive your trespasses.
Matthew 25:34-40 Then shall the King say unto them on his right hand, Come, ye blessed of my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world: ... And the King shall answer and say unto them, Verily I say unto you, Inasmuch as ye have done [it] unto one of the least of these my brethren, ye have done [it] unto me.
Luke 6:38 Give, and it shall be given unto you; good measure, pressed down, and shaken together, and running over, shall men give into your bosom. For with the same measure that ye mete withal it shall be measured to you again.
2 Corinthians 9:6-14 But this [I say], He which soweth sparingly shall reap also sparingly; and he which soweth bountifully shall reap also bountifully. ... And by their prayer for you, which long after you for the exceeding grace of God in you.
Philippians 4:17 Not because I desire a gift: but I desire fruit that may abound to your account.

but:

Proverbs 15:27 He that is greedy of gain troubleth his own house; but he that hateth gifts shall live.
Job 20:19-23 Because he hath oppressed [and] hath forsaken the poor; [because] he hath violently taken away an house which he builded not; ... [When] he is about to fill his belly, [God] shall cast the fury of his wrath upon him, and shall rain [it] upon him while he is eating.
Ecclesiastes 4:8 There is one [alone], and [there is] not a second; yea, he hath neither child nor brother: yet [is there] no end of all his labour; neither is his eye satisfied with riches; neither [saith he], For whom do I labour, and bereave my soul of good? This [is] also vanity, yea, it [is] a sore travail.
James 2:13 For he shall have judgment without mercy, that hath shewed no mercy; and mercy rejoiceth against judgment.
James 5:1-5 Go to now, [ye] rich men, weep and howl for your miseries that shall come upon [you]. ... Ye have lived in pleasure on the earth, and been wanton; ye have nourished your hearts, as in a day of slaughter.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jb 20:19. Ps 41:1; 112:4. Pv 15:27. Ec 4:8. Is 32:7; 57:1; 58:7. Dn 4:27. Mt 5:7; 6:14; 25:34. Lk 6:38. 2Co 9:6. Php 4:17. Jm 2:13; 5:1.

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