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Proverbs 11:15 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— He that is surety for a stranger shall smart for it; But he that hateth suretyship is secure.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— He that is surety for a stranger shall smart [for it]: and he that hateth suretiship is sure.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— He who is guarantor for a stranger will surely suffer for it, But he who hates being a guarantor is secure.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— He that is surety for a stranger shall smart [for it]: and he that hateth suretiship is sure.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— It goeth ill with him that is surety for another; but he that hateth suretyship is secure.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— He that becometh surety for a stranger, goeth to utter ruin, but, he that hateth striking hands, is secure.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Evil [one] suffereth when he hath been surety [for] a stranger, And whoso is hating suretyship is confident.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— He shall be afflicted with evil, that is surety for a stranger: but he that is aware of snares, shall be secure.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Hee that is suretie for a stranger, shall smart for it: and hee that hateth suretiship, is sure.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— A bad man does harm wherever he meets a just man: and he hates the sound of safety.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— He that is surety for a stranger shall smart [for it]: and he that hateth suretiship is sure.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
He that is surety 6148
{6148} Prime
A primitive root; to braid, that is, intermix; technically to traffic (as if by barter); also to give or be security (as a kind of exchange).
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
for a stranger 2114
{2114} Prime
A primitive root; to turn aside (especially for lodging); hence to be a foreigner, strange, profane; specifically (active participle) to commit adultery.
<8801> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 309
shall smart 7451
{7451} Prime
From H7489; bad or (as noun) evil (naturally or morally). This includes the second (feminine) form; as adjective or noun.
[7321] Standard
A primitive root; to mar (especially by breaking); figuratively to split the ears (with sound), that is, shout (for alarm or joy).
<8735> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 1602
(7489) Complement
A primitive root; properly to spoil (literally by breaking to pieces); figuratively to make (or be) good for nothing, that is, bad (physically, socially or morally). (associate selves and show self friendly are by mistake for H7462.).
[for it]: and he that hateth 8130
{8130} Prime
A primitive root; to hate (personally).
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
suretiship 8628
{8628} Prime
A primitive root; to clatter, that is, slap (the hands together), clang (an instrument); by analogy to drive (a nail or tent pin, a dart, etc.); by implication to become bondsman (by handclasping).
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
is sure. 982
{0982} Prime
A primitive root; properly to hie for refuge (but not so precipitately as H2620); figuratively to trust, be confident or sure.
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Proverbs 11:15

_ _ (Compare Proverbs 6:1).

_ _ suretiship — (Compare Margin), the actors put for the action, which may be lawfully hated.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Proverbs 11:15

_ _ Here we are taught, 1. In general, that we may not use our estates as we will (he that gave them to us has reserved to himself a power to direct us how we shall use them, for they are not our own; we are but stewards), and further that God in his law consults our interests and teaches us that charity which begins at home, as well as that which must not end there. There is a good husbandry which is good divinity, and a discretion in ordering our affairs which is part of the character of a good man, Psalms 112:5. Every man must be just to his family, else he is not true to his stewardship. 2. In particular, that we must not enter rashly into suretiship, (1.) Because there is danger of bringing ourselves into trouble by it, and our families too when we are gone: He that is surety for a stranger, for any one that asks him and promises him to be bound for him another time, for one whose person perhaps he knows, and thinks he knows his circumstances, but is mistaken, he shall smart for it. Contritione contereturhe shall be certainly and sadly crushed and broken by it, and perhaps become a bankrupt. Our Lord Jesus was surety for us when we were strangers, nay, enemies, and he smarted for it; it pleased the Lord to bruise him. (2.) Because he that resolves against all such suretiship keeps upon sure grounds, which a man may do if he take care not to launch out any further into business than his own credit will carry him, so that he needs not ask others to be bound for him.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Proverbs 11:15

He that is surety for a (h) stranger shall smart [for it]: and he (i) that hateth suretiship is secure.

(h) He who does not without judgment and consideration of the circumstances put himself in danger, as in (Proverbs 6:1).

(i) He who does not co-sign loans for others is very wise.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
that is surety:

Proverbs 6:1-5 My son, if thou be surety for thy friend, [if] thou hast stricken thy hand with a stranger, ... Deliver thyself as a roe from the hand [of the hunter], and as a bird from the hand of the fowler.
Proverbs 17:18 A man void of understanding striketh hands, [and] becometh surety in the presence of his friend.
Proverbs 20:16 Take his garment that is surety [for] a stranger: and take a pledge of him for a strange woman.
Proverbs 22:26-27 Be not thou [one] of them that strike hands, [or] of them that are sureties for debts. ... If thou hast nothing to pay, why should he take away thy bed from under thee?

Heb. be sore broken

Heb. those that strike hands
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