He that is void
; hence without
A form of H3824
; the heart
; also used (figuratively) very widely for the feelings, the will and even the intellect; likewise for the centre
A primitive root; to disrespect
Stem - Qal (See H8851
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814
Count - 5386
; an associate
(more or less close).
but a man
Contracted for H0582
(or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant
); a man
as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
The second and third forms being feminine; from H0995
; by implication an argument
; by extension caprice
holdeth his peace.
A primitive root; to scratch
, that is, (by implication) to engrave
; hence (from the use of tools) to fabricate
(of any material); figuratively to devise
(in a bad sense); hence (from the idea of secrecy) to be silent
, to let alone
; hence (by implication) to be deaf
(as an accompaniment of dumbness).
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811
Count - 4046
_ _ despiseth or, “reviles,” a course contrasted with the prudent silence of the wise.
_ _ holdeth his peace as if neither hearing nor telling.
_ _ I. Silence is here recommended as an instance of true friendship, and a preservative of it, and therefore an evidence, 1. Of wisdom: A man of understanding, that has rule over his own spirit, if he be provoked, holds his peace, that he may neither give vent to his passion nor kindle the passion of others by any opprobrious language or peevish reflections. 2. Of sincerity: He that is of a faithful spirit, that is true, not only to his own promise, but to the interest of his friend, conceals every matter which, if divulged, may turn to the prejudice of his neighbour.
_ _ II. This prudent friendly concealment is here opposed to two very bad vices of the tongue: 1. Speaking scornfully of a man to his face: He that is void of wisdom discovers his folly by this; he despises his neighbour, calls him Raca, and Thou fool, upon the least provocation, and tramples upon him as not worthy to be set with the dogs of his flock. He undervalues himself who thus undervalues one that is made of the same mould. 2. Speaking spitefully of a man behind his back: A tale-bearer, that carries all the stories he can pick up, true or false, from house to house, to make mischief and sow discord, reveals secrets which he has been entrusted with, and so breaks the laws, and forfeits all the privileges, of friendship and conversation.
Despiseth Which he shews by contemptuous or reproachful expressions. Holdeth peace Forbears all such expressions, and silently and patiently bears those reproaches.
He that is void of wisdom despiseth his neighbour: but a man of understanding (f) holdeth his peace.
(f) Will not make light report of others.
Judges 9:27-29 And they went out into the fields, and gathered their vineyards, and trode [the grapes], and made merry, and went into the house of their god, and did eat and drink, and cursed Abimelech. ... And would to God this people were under my hand! then would I remove Abimelech. And he said to Abimelech, Increase thine army, and come out.
Judges 9:38 Then said Zebul unto him, Where [is] now thy mouth, wherewith thou saidst, Who [is] Abimelech, that we should serve him? [is] not this the people that thou hast despised? go out, I pray now, and fight with them.
Nehemiah 4:2-4 And he spake before his brethren and the army of Samaria, and said, What do these feeble Jews? will they fortify themselves? will they sacrifice? will they make an end in a day? will they revive the stones out of the heaps of the rubbish which are burned? ... Hear, O our God; for we are despised: and turn their reproach upon their own head, and give them for a prey in the land of captivity:
Psalms 123:3-4 Have mercy upon us, O LORD, have mercy upon us: for we are exceedingly filled with contempt. ... Our soul is exceedingly filled with the scorning of those that are at ease, [and] with the contempt of the proud.
Luke 16:14 And the Pharisees also, who were covetous, heard all these things: and they derided him.
Luke 18:9 And he spake this parable unto certain which trusted in themselves that they were righteous, and despised others:
John 7:48-52 Have any of the rulers or of the Pharisees believed on him? ... They answered and said unto him, Art thou also of Galilee? Search, and look: for out of Galilee ariseth no prophet.
- void of wisdom:
- Heb. destitute of heart
- a man:
Proverbs 10:19 In the multitude of words there wanteth not sin: but he that refraineth his lips [is] wise.
1 Samuel 10:27 But the children of Belial said, How shall this man save us? And they despised him, and brought him no presents. But he held his peace.
2 Kings 18:36 But the people held their peace, and answered him not a word: for the king's commandment was, saying, Answer him not.
1 Peter 2:23 Who, when he was reviled, reviled not again; when he suffered, he threatened not; but committed [himself] to him that judgeth righteously:
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