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Proverbs 10:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— He that gathereth in summer is a wise son; [But] he that sleepeth in harvest is a son that causeth shame.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— He that gathereth in summer [is] a wise son: [but] he that sleepeth in harvest [is] a son that causeth shame.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— He who gathers in summer is a son who acts wisely, [But] he who sleeps in harvest is a son who acts shamefully.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— He that gathereth in summer [is] a wise son: [but] he that sleepeth in harvest [is] a son that causeth shame.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— He that gathereth in summer is a wise son; he that sleepeth in harvest is a son that causeth shame.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— He that gathereth in summer, is a prudent son, he that sleepeth long in harvest, is a son causing shame.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Whoso is gathering in summer [is] a wise son, Whoso is sleeping in harvest [is] a son causing shame.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— He that gathereth in the harvest, is a wise son: but he that snorteth in the summer, is the son of confusion.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Hee that gathereth in Summer, is a wise sonne: [but] hee that sleepeth in haruest, is a sonne that causeth shame.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— A wise son is saved from heat: but a lawless son is blighted of the winds in harvest.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— He that gathereth in summer [is] a wise son: [but] he that sleepeth in harvest [is] a son that causeth shame.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
He that gathereth 103
{0103} Prime
אָגַר
'agar
{aw-gar'}
A primitive root; to harvest.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
in summer 7019
{7019} Prime
קַיִץ
qayits
{kah'-yits}
From H6972; harvest (as the crop), whether the product (grain or fruit) or the (dry) season.
[is] a wise 7919
{7919} Prime
שָׂכַל
sakal
{saw-kal'}
A primitive root; to be (causeatively make or act) circumspect and hence intelligent.
z8688
<8688> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 857
son: 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
[but] he that sleepeth 7290
{7290} Prime
רָדַם
radam
{raw-dam'}
A primitive root; to stun, that is, stupefy (with sleep or death).
z8737
<8737> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 793
in harvest 7105
{7105} Prime
קָצִיר
qatsiyr
{kaw-tseer'}
From H7114; severed, that is, harvest (as reaped), the crop, the time, the reaper, or figuratively; also a limb (of a tree, or simply foliage).
[is] a son 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
that causeth shame. 954
{0954} Prime
בּושׁ
buwsh
{boosh}
A primitive root; properly to pale, that is, by implication to be ashamed; also (by implication) to be disappointed, or delayed.
z8688
<8688> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 857
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Proverbs 10:5

_ _ son — as Proverbs 1:8, Proverbs 1:10, and often.

_ _ sleepeth — in indolence, and not for rest.

_ _ causeth shame — literally, “is base” (compare Proverbs 14:35; Proverbs 17:2).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Proverbs 10:5

_ _ Here is, 1. The just praise of those who improve their opportunities, who take pains to gather and increase what they have, both for soul and body, who provide for hereafter while provision is to be made, who gather in summer, which is gathering time. He who does so is a wise son, and it is his honour; he acts wisely for his parents, whom, if there be occasion, he ought to maintain, and he gives reputation to himself, his family, and his education. 2. The just reproach and blame of those who trifle away these opportunities: He who sleeps, loves his ease, idles away his time, and neglects his work, especially who sleeps in harvest, when he should be laying in for winter, who lets slip the season of furnishing himself with that which he will have occasion for, is a son that causes shame; for he is a foolish son; he prepares shame for himself when winter comes, and reflects shame upon all his friends. He who gets knowledge and wisdom in the days of his youth gathers in summer, and he will have the comfort and credit of his industry; but he who idles away the days of his youth will bear the shame of his indolence when he is old.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Proverbs 10:5

Gathereth — The fruits of his field. In summer — In harvest. He that improved the opportunities of doing good to himself and others.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
gathereth:

Proverbs 6:6 Go to the ant, thou sluggard; consider her ways, and be wise:
Proverbs 6:8 Provideth her meat in the summer, [and] gathereth her food in the harvest.
Proverbs 30:25 The ants [are] a people not strong, yet they prepare their meat in the summer;
Isaiah 55:6-7 Seek ye the LORD while he may be found, call ye upon him while he is near: ... Let the wicked forsake his way, and the unrighteous man his thoughts: and let him return unto the LORD, and he will have mercy upon him; and to our God, for he will abundantly pardon.

a son:

Proverbs 12:4 A virtuous woman [is] a crown to her husband: but she that maketh ashamed [is] as rottenness in his bones.
Proverbs 17:2 A wise servant shall have rule over a son that causeth shame, and shall have part of the inheritance among the brethren.
Proverbs 19:26 He that wasteth [his] father, [and] chaseth away [his] mother, [is] a son that causeth shame, and bringeth reproach.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Pv 6:6, 8; 12:4; 17:2; 19:26; 30:25. Is 55:6.

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