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Proverbs 10:21 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The lips of the righteous feed many; But the foolish die for lack of understanding.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The lips of the righteous feed many: but fools die for want of wisdom.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The lips of the righteous feed many, But fools die for lack of understanding.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The lips of the righteous feed many: but fools die for want of wisdom.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— The lips of a righteous [man] feed many; but fools die for want of understanding.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— The lips of the righteous, feed multitudes, but, the foolish, for lack of sense, shall die.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— The lips of the righteous delight many, And fools for lack of heart die.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The lips of the just teach many: but they that are ignorant, shall die in the want of understanding.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The lippes of the righteous feed many: but fooles die for want of wisedome.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— The lips of the righteous know sublime [truths]: but the foolish die in want.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The lips of the righteous feed many: but fools die for want of wisdom.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The lips 8193
{8193} Prime
שָׂפָה
saphah
{saw-faw'}
(The second form is in dual and plural); Probably from H5595 or H8192 through the idea of termination (compare H5490); the lip (as a natural boundary); by implication language; by analogy a margin (of a vessel, water, cloth, etc.).
of the righteous 6662
{6662} Prime
צַדִּיק
tsaddiyq
{tsad-deek'}
From H6663; just.
feed 7462
{7462} Prime
רָעָה
ra`ah
{raw-aw'}
A primitive root; to tend a flock, that is, pasture it; intransitively to graze (literally or figuratively); generally to rule; by extension to associate with (as a friend).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
many: 7227
{7227} Prime
רַב
rab
{rab}
By contraction from H7231; abundant (in quantity, size, age, number, rank, quality).
but fools 191
{0191} Prime
אֱוִיל
'eviyl
{ev-eel'}
From an unused root (meaning to be perverse); (figuratively) silly.
die 4191
{4191} Prime
מָמוֹת
muwth
{mooth}
A primitive root; to die (literally or figuratively); causatively to kill.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
for want 2638
{2638} Prime
חָסֵר
chacer
{khaw-sare'}
From H2637; lacking; hence without.
of wisdom. 3820
{3820} Prime
לֵב
leb
{labe}
A form of H3824; the heart; also used (figuratively) very widely for the feelings, the will and even the intellect; likewise for the centre of anything.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Proverbs 10:21

_ _ Fools not only fail to benefit others, as do the righteous, but procure their own ruin (compare Proverbs 10:11, Proverbs 10:17; Hosea 4:6).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Proverbs 10:20-21.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Proverbs 10:21

Feed — By their wise discourses and counsels. Die — They have not wisdom to preserve themselves, much less to feed others.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Proverbs 10:21

The lips of the righteous (i) feed many: but fools die for lack of wisdom.

(i) For they speak truth and edify many by exhortations, admonition and counsel.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
feed:

Proverbs 12:18 There is that speaketh like the piercings of a sword: but the tongue of the wise [is] health.
Proverbs 15:4 A wholesome tongue [is] a tree of life: but perverseness therein [is] a breach in the spirit.
Job 4:3-4 Behold, thou hast instructed many, and thou hast strengthened the weak hands. ... Thy words have upholden him that was falling, and thou hast strengthened the feeble knees.
Job 23:12 Neither have I gone back from the commandment of his lips; I have esteemed the words of his mouth more than my necessary [food].
Job 29:21-22 Unto me [men] gave ear, and waited, and kept silence at my counsel. ... After my words they spake not again; and my speech dropped upon them.
Psalms 37:30 The mouth of the righteous speaketh wisdom, and his tongue talketh of judgment.
Ecclesiastes 12:9-10 And moreover, because the preacher was wise, he still taught the people knowledge; yea, he gave good heed, and sought out, [and] set in order many proverbs. ... The preacher sought to find out acceptable words: and [that which was] written [was] upright, [even] words of truth.
Jeremiah 3:15 And I will give you pastors according to mine heart, which shall feed you with knowledge and understanding.
Jeremiah 15:16 Thy words were found, and I did eat them; and thy word was unto me the joy and rejoicing of mine heart: for I am called by thy name, O LORD God of hosts.
John 21:15-17 So when they had dined, Jesus saith to Simon Peter, Simon, [son] of Jonas, lovest thou me more than these? He saith unto him, Yea, Lord; thou knowest that I love thee. He saith unto him, Feed my lambs. ... He saith unto him the third time, Simon, [son] of Jonas, lovest thou me? Peter was grieved because he said unto him the third time, Lovest thou me? And he said unto him, Lord, thou knowest all things; thou knowest that I love thee. Jesus saith unto him, Feed my sheep.
1 Peter 5:2 Feed the flock of God which is among you, taking the oversight [thereof], not by constraint, but willingly; not for filthy lucre, but of a ready mind;

fools:

Proverbs 1:29 For that they hated knowledge, and did not choose the fear of the LORD:
Proverbs 1:31 Therefore shall they eat of the fruit of their own way, and be filled with their own devices.
Proverbs 5:12 And say, How have I hated instruction, and my heart despised reproof;
Proverbs 5:23 He shall die without instruction; and in the greatness of his folly he shall go astray.
Hosea 4:6 My people are destroyed for lack of knowledge: because thou hast rejected knowledge, I will also reject thee, that thou shalt be no priest to me: seeing thou hast forgotten the law of thy God, I will also forget thy children.
Matthew 13:19 When any one heareth the word of the kingdom, and understandeth [it] not, then cometh the wicked [one], and catcheth away that which was sown in his heart. This is he which received seed by the way side.
John 3:19-20 And this is the condemnation, that light is come into the world, and men loved darkness rather than light, because their deeds were evil. ... For every one that doeth evil hateth the light, neither cometh to the light, lest his deeds should be reproved.
Romans 1:28 And even as they did not like to retain God in [their] knowledge, God gave them over to a reprobate mind, to do those things which are not convenient;

wisdom:
Heb. heart,
Proverbs 17:16 Wherefore [is there] a price in the hand of a fool to get wisdom, seeing [he hath] no heart [to it]?
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jb 4:3; 23:12; 29:21. Ps 37:30. Pv 1:29, 31; 5:12, 23; 12:18; 15:4; 17:16. Ec 12:9. Jr 3:15; 15:16. Ho 4:6. Mt 13:19. Jn 3:19; 21:15. Ro 1:28. 1P 5:2.

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