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Proverbs 10:20 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The tongue of the righteous is [as] choice silver: The heart of the wicked is little worth.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The tongue of the just [is as] choice silver: the heart of the wicked [is] little worth.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The tongue of the righteous is [as] choice silver, The heart of the wicked is [worth] little.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The tongue of the just [is as] choice silver: the heart of the wicked [is] little worth.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— The tongue of the righteous [man] is [as] choice silver; the heart of the wicked is little worth.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Choice silver, is the tongue of the righteous, but, the sense of the lawless, is very small.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— The tongue of the righteous [is] chosen silver, The heart of the wicked—as a little thing.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The tongue of the just is as choice silver: but the heart of the wicked is nothing worth.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The tongue of the iust is [as] choise siluer: the heart of the wicked is little worth.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— The tongue of the just is tried silver; but the heart of the ungodly shall fail.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The tongue of the just [is as] choice silver: the heart of the wicked [is] little worth.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The tongue 3956
{3956} Prime
From H3960; the tongue (of man or animals), used literally (as the instrument of licking, eating, or speech), and figuratively (speech, an ingot, a fork of flame, a cove of water).
of the just 6662
{6662} Prime
From H6663; just.
[is as] choice 977
{0977} Prime
A primitive root; properly to try, that is, (by implication) select.
<8737> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 793
silver: 3701
{3701} Prime
From H3700; silver (from its pale color); by implication money.
the heart 3820
{3820} Prime
A form of H3824; the heart; also used (figuratively) very widely for the feelings, the will and even the intellect; likewise for the centre of anything.
of the wicked 7563
{7563} Prime
From H7561; morally wrong; concretely an (actively) bad person.
[is] little worth. 4592
{4592} Prime
From H4591; a little or few (often adverbial or comparative).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Proverbs 10:20

_ _ Right speech is the fruit of a good heart, but the wicked show theirs to be useless.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Proverbs 10:20-21

_ _ We are here taught how to value men, not by their wealth and preferment in the world, but by their virtue.

_ _ I. Good men are good for something. Though they may be poor and low in the world, and may not have power and riches to do good with, yet, as long as they have a mouth to speak, that will make them valuable and useful, and upon that account we must honour those that fear the Lord, because out of the good treasure of their heart they bring forth good things. 1. This makes them valuable: The tongue of the just is as choice silver; they are sincere, freed from the dross of guile and evil design. God's words are compared to silver purified (Psalms 12:6), for they may be relied on; and such are the words of just men. They are of weight and worth, and will enrich those that hear them with wisdom, which is better than choice silver. 2. It makes them useful: The lips of the righteous feed many; for they are full of the word of God, which is the bread of life, and that sound doctrine wherewith souls are nourished up. Pious discourse is spiritual food to the needy, to the hungry.

_ _ II. Bad men are good for nothing. 1. One can get no good by them: The heart of the wicked is little worth, and therefore that which comes out of the abundance of his heart cannot be worth much. His principles, his notions, his thoughts, his purposes, and all the things that fill him, and affect him, are worldly and carnal, and therefore of no value. He that is of the earth speaks of the earth, and neither understands nor relishes the things of God, John 3:31; 1 Corinthians 2:14. The wicked man pretends that, though he does not talk of religion as the just do, yet he has it within him, and thanks God that his heart is good; but he that searches the heart here says the contrary: It is nothing worth. 2. One can do no good to them. While many are fed by the lips of the righteous, fools die for want of wisdom; and fools indeed they are to die for want of that which they might so easily come by. Fools die for want of a heart (so the word is); they perish for want of consideration and resolution; they have no heart to do any thing for their own good. While the righteous feed others fools starve themselves.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Proverbs 10:20

Is — Of great worth and use. Heart — And consequently the tongue.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Proverbs 12:18 There is that speaketh like the piercings of a sword: but the tongue of the wise [is] health.
Proverbs 15:4 A wholesome tongue [is] a tree of life: but perverseness therein [is] a breach in the spirit.
Proverbs 16:13 Righteous lips [are] the delight of kings; and they love him that speaketh right.
Proverbs 25:11-12 A word fitly spoken [is like] apples of gold in pictures of silver. ... [As] an earring of gold, and an ornament of fine gold, [so is] a wise reprover upon an obedient ear.
Matthew 12:35 A good man out of the good treasure of the heart bringeth forth good things: and an evil man out of the evil treasure bringeth forth evil things.

the heart:

Proverbs 23:7 For as he thinketh in his heart, so [is] he: Eat and drink, saith he to thee; but his heart [is] not with thee.
Genesis 6:5 And GOD saw that the wickedness of man [was] great in the earth, and [that] every imagination of the thoughts of his heart [was] only evil continually.
Genesis 8:21 And the LORD smelled a sweet savour; and the LORD said in his heart, I will not again curse the ground any more for man's sake; for the imagination of man's heart [is] evil from his youth; neither will I again smite any more every thing living, as I have done.
Jeremiah 17:9 The heart [is] deceitful above all [things], and desperately wicked: who can know it?
Matthew 12:34 O generation of vipers, how can ye, being evil, speak good things? for out of the abundance of the heart the mouth speaketh.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 6:5; 8:21. Pv 12:18; 15:4; 16:13; 23:7; 25:11. Jr 17:9. Mt 12:34, 35.

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