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Proverbs 10:19 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— In the multitude of words there wanteth not transgression; But he that refraineth his lips doeth wisely.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— In the multitude of words there wanteth not sin: but he that refraineth his lips [is] wise.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— When there are many words, transgression is unavoidable, But he who restrains his lips is wise.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— In the multitude of words there wanteth not sin: but he that restraineth his lips [is] wise.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— In the multitude of words there wanteth not transgression; but he that restraineth his lips doeth wisely.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— In the multitude of words, there wanteth not transgression, but, he that restraineth his lips, sheweth prudence.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— In the abundance of words transgression ceaseth not, And whoso is restraining his lips [is] wise.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— In the multitude of words there shall not want sin: but he that refraineth his lips, is most wise.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— In the multitude of words there wanteth not sinne: but he that refraineth his lippes, is wise.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— By a multitude of words thou shalt not escape sin; but if thou refrain thy lips thou wilt be prudent.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— In the multitude of words there wanteth not sin: but he that refraineth his lips [is] wise.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
In the multitude 7230
{7230} Prime
רֹב
rob
{robe}
From H7231; abundance (in any respect).
of words 1697
{1697} Prime
דָּבָר
dabar
{daw-baw'}
From H1696; a word; by implication a matter (as spoken of) or thing; adverbially a cause.
there wanteth 2308
{2308} Prime
חָדַל
chadal
{khaw-dal'}
A primitive root; properly to be flabby, that is, (by implication) desist; (figuratively) be lacking or idle.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
sin: 6588
{6588} Prime
פֶּשַׁע
pesha`
{peh'-shah}
From H6586; a revolt (national, moral or religious).
but he that refraineth 2820
{2820} Prime
חָשַׂךְ
chasak
{khaw-sak'}
A prim root; to restrain or (reflexively) refrain; by implication to refuse, spare, preserve; also (by interchange with H2821) to observe.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
his lips 8193
{8193} Prime
שָׂפָה
saphah
{saw-faw'}
(The second form is in dual and plural); Probably from H5595 or H8192 through the idea of termination (compare H5490); the lip (as a natural boundary); by implication language; by analogy a margin (of a vessel, water, cloth, etc.).
[is] wise. 7919
{7919} Prime
שָׂכַל
sakal
{saw-kal'}
A primitive root; to be (causeatively make or act) circumspect and hence intelligent.
z8688
<8688> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 857
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Proverbs 10:19

_ _ Much speech involves risk of sin; hence the wisdom of restraining the tongue (Psalms 39:1; James 1:26).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Proverbs 10:19

_ _ We are here admonished concerning the government of the tongue, that necessary duty of a Christian. 1. It is good to say little, because in the multitude of words there wanteth not sin, or sin doth not cease. Usually, those that speak much speak much amiss, and among many words there cannot but be many idle words, which they must shortly give an account of. Those that love to hear themselves talk do not consider what work they are making for repentance; for that will be wanted, and first or last will be had, where there wanteth not sin. 2. It is therefore good to keep our mouth as with a bridle: He that refrains his lips, that often checks himself, suppresses what he has thought, and holds in that which would transpire, is a wise man; it is an evidence of his wisdom, and he therein consults his own peace. Little said is soon amended, Amos 5:13; James 1:19.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the multitude:

Ecclesiastes 5:3 For a dream cometh through the multitude of business; and a fool's voice [is known] by multitude of words.
Ecclesiastes 10:13-14 The beginning of the words of his mouth [is] foolishness: and the end of his talk [is] mischievous madness. ... A fool also is full of words: a man cannot tell what shall be; and what shall be after him, who can tell him?
James 3:2 For in many things we offend all. If any man offend not in word, the same [is] a perfect man, [and] able also to bridle the whole body.

but:

Proverbs 17:27-28 He that hath knowledge spareth his words: [and] a man of understanding is of an excellent spirit. ... Even a fool, when he holdeth his peace, is counted wise: [and] he that shutteth his lips [is esteemed] a man of understanding.
Psalms 39:1 [[To the chief Musician, [even] to Jeduthun, A Psalm of David.]] I said, I will take heed to my ways, that I sin not with my tongue: I will keep my mouth with a bridle, while the wicked is before me.
James 1:19 Wherefore, my beloved brethren, let every man be swift to hear, slow to speak, slow to wrath:
James 3:2 For in many things we offend all. If any man offend not in word, the same [is] a perfect man, [and] able also to bridle the whole body.
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Ps 39:1. Pv 17:27. Ec 5:3; 10:13. Jm 1:19; 3:2.

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