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Proverbs 10:1 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The proverbs of Solomon. A wise son maketh a glad father; But a foolish son is the heaviness of his mother.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The proverbs of Solomon. A wise son maketh a glad father: but a foolish son [is] the heaviness of his mother.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The proverbs of Solomon. A wise son makes a father glad, But a foolish son is a grief to his mother.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The proverbs of Solomon. A wise son maketh a glad father: but a foolish son [is] the heaviness of his mother.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— The Proverbs of Solomon. A wise son maketh a glad father; but a foolish son is the grief of his mother.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— The Proverbs of Solomon: A wise son, maketh a glad father, but, a foolish son, is the grief of his mother.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Proverbs of Solomon. A wise son causeth a father to rejoice, And a foolish son [is] an affliction to his mother.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— A wise son maketh the father glad: but a foolish son is the sorrow of his mother.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The Prouerbes of Solomon: A wise sonne maketh a glad father: but a foolish sonne [is] the heauinesse of his mother.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— A wise son makes [his] father glad: but a foolish son is a grief to his mother.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The proverbs of Shelomoh. A wise son maketh a glad father: but a foolish son [is] the heaviness of his mother.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The proverbs 4912
{4912} Prime
מָשָׁל
mashal
{maw-shawl'}
Apparently from H4910 in some original sense of superiority in mental action; properly a pithy maxim, usually of a metaphorical nature; hence a simile (as an adage, poem, discourse).
of lm שְׁלֹמֹה. 8010
{8010} Prime
שְׁלֹמֹה
Sh@lomoh
{shel-o-mo'}
From H7965; peaceful; Shelomoh, David's successor.
A wise 2450
{2450} Prime
חָכָם
chakam
{khaw-kawm'}
From H2449; wise, (that is, intelligent, skilful or artful).
son 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
maketh a glad 8055
{8055} Prime
שָׂמַח
samach
{saw-makh'}
A primitive root; probably to brighten up, that is, (figuratively) be (causatively make) blithe or gleesome.
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
father: 1
{0001} Prime
אָב
'ab
{awb}
A primitive word; father in a literal and immediate, or figurative and remote application.
but a foolish 3684
{3684} Prime
כְּסִיל
k@ciyl
{kes-eel'}
From H3688; properly fat, that is, (figuratively) stupid or silly.
son 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
[is] the heaviness 8424
{8424} Prime
תּוּגָה
tuwgah
{too-gaw'}
From H3013; depression (of spirits); concretely a grief.
of his mother. 517
{0517} Prime
אֵם
'em
{ame}
A primitive word; a mother (as the bond of the family); in a wide sense (both literally and figuratively); (like H0001).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Proverbs 10:1

_ _ Proverbs 10:1-32. Here begins the second part of the book, Proverbs 10:1-22:16, which, with the third, Proverbs 22:16-25:28, contains series of proverbs whose sense is complete in one or two verses, and which, having no logical connection, admit of no analysis. The parallelisms of Proverbs 10:1-15:33 are mostly antithetic; and those of Proverbs 16:1-22:16, synthetic. The evidences of art in the structure are very clear, and indicate, probably, a purpose of facilitating the labor of memorizing.

_ _ wise [and] foolish — as they follow or reject the precepts of wisdom.

_ _ maketh ... father — or, “gladdens a father.”

_ _ heaviness — or, “grief.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Proverbs 10:1

_ _ Solomon, speaking to us as unto children, observes here how much the comfort of parents, natural, political, and ecclesiastical, depends upon the good behaviour of those under their charge, as a reason, 1. Why parents should be careful to give their children a good education, and to train them up in the ways of religion, which, if it obtain the desired effect, they themselves will have the comfort of it, or, if not, they will have for their support under their heaviness that they have done their duty, have done their endeavour. 2. Why children should conduct themselves wisely and well, and live up to their good education, that they may gladden the hearts of their parents, and not sadden them. Observe, (1.) It adds to the comfort of young people that are pious and discreet that thereby they do something towards recompensing their parents for all the care and pains they have taken with them, and occasion pleasure to them in the evil days of old age, when they most need it; and it is the duty of parents to rejoice in their children's wisdom and well-doing, yea, though it arrive at such an eminency as to eclipse them. (2.) It adds to the guilt of those that conduct themselves ill that thereby they grieve those whom they ought to be a joy to, and are a heaviness particularly to their poor mothers who bore them with sorrow, but with greater sorrow see them wicked and vile.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

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Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
proverbs:

Proverbs 1:1 The proverbs of Solomon the son of David, king of Israel;
Proverbs 25:1 These [are] also proverbs of Solomon, which the men of Hezekiah king of Judah copied out.
1 Kings 4:32 And he spake three thousand proverbs: and his songs were a thousand and five.
Ecclesiastes 12:9 And moreover, because the preacher was wise, he still taught the people knowledge; yea, he gave good heed, and sought out, [and] set in order many proverbs.

A wise:

Proverbs 15:20 A wise son maketh a glad father: but a foolish man despiseth his mother.
Proverbs 17:21 He that begetteth a fool [doeth it] to his sorrow: and the father of a fool hath no joy.
Proverbs 17:25 A foolish son [is] a grief to his father, and bitterness to her that bare him.
Proverbs 19:13 A foolish son [is] the calamity of his father: and the contentions of a wife [are] a continual dropping.
Proverbs 23:15-16 My son, if thine heart be wise, my heart shall rejoice, even mine. ... Yea, my reins shall rejoice, when thy lips speak right things.
Proverbs 23:24-25 The father of the righteous shall greatly rejoice: and he that begetteth a wise [child] shall have joy of him. ... Thy father and thy mother shall be glad, and she that bare thee shall rejoice.
Proverbs 29:3 Whoso loveth wisdom rejoiceth his father: but he that keepeth company with harlots spendeth [his] substance.
Proverbs 29:15 The rod and reproof give wisdom: but a child left [to himself] bringeth his mother to shame.
Ecclesiastes 2:19 And who knoweth whether he shall be a wise [man] or a fool? yet shall he have rule over all my labour wherein I have laboured, and wherein I have shewed myself wise under the sun. This [is] also vanity.
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1K 4:32. Pv 1:1; 15:20; 17:21, 25; 19:13; 23:15, 24; 25:1; 29:3, 15. Ec 2:19; 12:9.

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