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Philippians 4:8 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Finally, brethren, whatsoever things are true, whatsoever things are honorable, whatsoever things are just, whatsoever things are pure, whatsoever things are lovely, whatsoever things are of good report; if there be any virtue, and if there be any praise, think on these things.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Finally, brethren, whatsoever things are true, whatsoever things [are] honest, whatsoever things [are] just, whatsoever things [are] pure, whatsoever things [are] lovely, whatsoever things [are] of good report; if [there be] any virtue, and if [there be] any praise, think on these things.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Finally, brethren, whatever is true, whatever is honorable, whatever is right, whatever is pure, whatever is lovely, whatever is of good repute, if there is any excellence and if anything worthy of praise, dwell on these things.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Finally, brethren, whatever things are true, whatever things [are] honest, whatever things [are] just, whatever things [are] pure, whatever things [are] lovely, whatever things [are] of good report; if [there is] any virtue, and if [there is] any praise, think on these things.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For the rest, brethren, whatsoever things [are] true, whatsoever things [are] noble, whatsoever things [are] just, whatsoever things [are] pure, whatsoever things [are] amiable, whatsoever things [are] of good report; if [there be] any virtue and if any praise, think on these things.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For the rest, brethren, whatsoever things are true, whatsoever things are dignified, whatsoever things are righteous, whatsoever things are chaste, whatsoever things are lovely, whatsoever things are of good report,—if there be any virtue, and if any praise, the same, be taking into account;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— As to the rest, brethren, as many things as are true, as many as [are] grave, as many as [are] righteous, as many as [are] pure, as many as [are] lovely, as many as [are] of good report, if any worthiness, and if any praise, these things think upon;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For the rest, brethren, whatsoever things are true, whatsoever modest, whatsoever just, whatsoever holy, whatsoever lovely, whatsoever of good fame, if there be any virtue, if any praise of discipline: think on these things.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Finally, brethren, whatsoeuer things [are] true, whatsoeuer things [are] honest, whatsoeuer things [are] iust, whatsoeuer things [are] pure, whatsoeuer things [are] louely, whatsoeuer things [are] of good report: if there bee any vertue, and if there bee any praise, thinke on these things:
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— FINALLY, my brethren, those (things) which are true, and those which are honest, and those which are just, and those which are pure, and those which are lovely, and those which are laudable, and those (which are) works of praise and of celebration, these consider.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Finally, my brethren, what things are true, and what things are decorous, and what things are right, and what things are pure, and what things are lovely, and what things are commendable, and deeds of praise and approbation, on these be your thoughts.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Finally, 3063
{3063} Prime
λοιπόν
loipon
{loy-pon'}
Neuter singular of the same as G3062; something remaining (adverb).
brethren, 80
{0080} Prime
ἀδελφός
adelphos
{ad-el-fos'}
From G0001 (as a connective particle) and δελφύς [[delphus]] (the womb); a brother (literally or figuratively) near or remote (much like [H0001]).
whatsoever things 3745
{3745} Prime
ὅσος
hosos
{hos'-os}
By reduplication from G3739; as (much, great, long, etc.) as.
are 2076
{2076} Prime
ἐστί
esti
{es-tee'}
Third person singular present indicative of G1510; he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
true, 227
{0227} Prime
ἀληθής
alethes
{al-ay-thace'}
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and G2990; true (as not concealing).
whatsoever things 3745
{3745} Prime
ὅσος
hosos
{hos'-os}
By reduplication from G3739; as (much, great, long, etc.) as.
[are] honest, 4586
{4586} Prime
σεμνός
semnos
{sem-nos'}
From G4576; venerable, that is, honorable.
whatsoever things 3745
{3745} Prime
ὅσος
hosos
{hos'-os}
By reduplication from G3739; as (much, great, long, etc.) as.
[are] just, 1342
{1342} Prime
δίκαιος
dikaios
{dik'-ah-yos}
From G1349; equitable (in character or act); by implication innocent, holy (absolutely or relatively).
whatsoever things 3745
{3745} Prime
ὅσος
hosos
{hos'-os}
By reduplication from G3739; as (much, great, long, etc.) as.
[are] pure, 53
{0053} Prime
ἁγνός
hagnos
{hag-nos'}
From the same as G0040; properly clean, that is, (figuratively) innocent, modest, perfect.
whatsoever things 3745
{3745} Prime
ὅσος
hosos
{hos'-os}
By reduplication from G3739; as (much, great, long, etc.) as.
[are] lovely, 4375
{4375} Prime
προσφιλής
prosphiles
{pros-fee-lace'}
From a presumed compound of G4314 and G5368; friendly towards, that is, acceptable.
whatsoever things 3745
{3745} Prime
ὅσος
hosos
{hos'-os}
By reduplication from G3739; as (much, great, long, etc.) as.
[are] of good report; 2163
{2163} Prime
εὔφημος
euphemos
{yoo'-fay-mos}
From G2095 and G5345; well spoken of, that is, reputable.
if [there be] any 1536
{1536} Prime
εἴ τις
ei tis
{i tis}
From G1487 and G5100; if any.
virtue, 703
{0703} Prime
ἀρετή
arete
{ar-et'-ay}
From the same as G0730; properly manliness (valor), that is, excellence (intrinsic or attributed).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
if [there be] any 1536
{1536} Prime
εἴ τις
ei tis
{i tis}
From G1487 and G5100; if any.
praise, 1868
{1868} Prime
ἔπαινος
epainos
{ep'-ahee-nos}
From G1909 and the base of G0134; laudation; concretely a commendable thing.
think y3049
[3049] Standard
λογίζομαι
logizomai
{log-id'-zom-ahee}
Middle voice from G3056; to take an inventory, that is, estimate (literally or figuratively).
z5737
<5737> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 152
on x3049
(3049) Complement
λογίζομαι
logizomai
{log-id'-zom-ahee}
Middle voice from G3056; to take an inventory, that is, estimate (literally or figuratively).
these things. 5023
{5023} Prime
ταῦτα
tauta
{tow'-tah}
Nomitive or accusative neuter plural of G3778; these things.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Philippians 4:8

_ _ Summary of all his exhortations as to relative duties, whether as children or parents, husbands or wives, friends, neighbors, men in the intercourse of the world, etc.

_ _ true — sincere, in words.

_ _ honestOld English for “seemly,” namely, in action; literally, grave, dignified.

_ _ just — towards others.

_ _ pure — “chaste,” in relation to ourselves.

_ _ lovely — lovable (compare Mark 10:21; Luke 7:4, Luke 7:5).

_ _ of good report — referring to the absent (Philippians 1:27); as “lovely” refers to what is lovable face to face.

_ _ if there be any virtue — “whatever virtue there is” [Alford]. “Virtue,” the standing word in heathen ethics, is found once only in Paul’s Epistles, and once in Peter’s (2 Peter 1:5); and this in uses different from those in heathen authors. It is a term rather earthly and human, as compared with the names of the spiritual graces which Christianity imparts; hence the rarity of its occurrence in the New Testament. Piety and true morality are inseparable. Piety is love with its face towards God; morality is love with its face towards man. Despise not anything that is good in itself; only let it keep its due place.

_ _ praise — whatever is praiseworthy; not that Christians should make man’s praise their aim (compare John 12:43); but they should live so as to deserve men’s praise.

_ _ think on — have a continual regard to, so as to “do” these things (Philippians 4:9) whenever the occasion arises.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Philippians 4:1-9.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Philippians 4:8

Finally — To sum up all. Whatsoever things are true — Here are eight particulars placed in two fourfold rows; the former containing their duty; the latter, the commendation of it. The first word in the former row answers the first in the latter; the second word, the second and so on. True — In speech. Honest — In action. Just — With regard to others. Pure — With regard to yourselves. Lovely — And what more lovely than truth? Of good report — As is honesty, even where it is not practised. If there be any virtue — And all virtues are contained in justice. If there be any praise — In those things which relate rather to ourselves than to our neighbour. Think on these things — That ye may both practise them yourselves, and recommend them to others.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Philippians 4:8

(7) Finally, brethren, whatsoever things are true, whatsoever things (i) [are] honest, whatsoever things [are] just, whatsoever things [are] pure, whatsoever things [are] lovely, whatsoever things [are] of good report; if [there be] any virtue, and if [there be] any praise, think on these things.

(7) A general conclusion, that as they have been taught both in word and example, so they build their lives to the rule of all holiness and righteousness.

(i) Whatever things are such that they beautify and set you apart with a holy gravity.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Finally:

Philippians 3:1 Finally, my brethren, rejoice in the Lord. To write the same things to you, to me indeed [is] not grievous, but for you [it is] safe.

whatsoever:

Romans 12:9-21 [Let] love be without dissimulation. Abhor that which is evil; cleave to that which is good. ... Be not overcome of evil, but overcome evil with good.
1 Corinthians 13:4-7 Charity suffereth long, [and] is kind; charity envieth not; charity vaunteth not itself, is not puffed up, ... Beareth all things, believeth all things, hopeth all things, endureth all things.
Galatians 5:22 But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith,
James 3:17 But the wisdom that is from above is first pure, then peaceable, gentle, [and] easy to be intreated, full of mercy and good fruits, without partiality, and without hypocrisy.
2 Peter 1:5-7 And beside this, giving all diligence, add to your faith virtue; and to virtue knowledge; ... And to godliness brotherly kindness; and to brotherly kindness charity.

are true:

Matthew 22:16 And they sent out unto him their disciples with the Herodians, saying, Master, we know that thou art true, and teachest the way of God in truth, neither carest thou for any [man]: for thou regardest not the person of men.
John 7:18 He that speaketh of himself seeketh his own glory: but he that seeketh his glory that sent him, the same is true, and no unrighteousness is in him.
Romans 12:9 [Let] love be without dissimulation. Abhor that which is evil; cleave to that which is good.
2 Corinthians 6:8 By honour and dishonour, by evil report and good report: as deceivers, and [yet] true;
Ephesians 4:25 Wherefore putting away lying, speak every man truth with his neighbour: for we are members one of another.
Ephesians 5:9 (For the fruit of the Spirit [is] in all goodness and righteousness and truth;)
Ephesians 6:14 Stand therefore, having your loins girt about with truth, and having on the breastplate of righteousness;
1 Peter 1:22 Seeing ye have purified your souls in obeying the truth through the Spirit unto unfeigned love of the brethren, [see that ye] love one another with a pure heart fervently:
1 John 3:18 My little children, let us not love in word, neither in tongue; but in deed and in truth.

honest:
or, venerable,
Acts 6:3 Wherefore, brethren, look ye out among you seven men of honest report, full of the Holy Ghost and wisdom, whom we may appoint over this business.
Romans 12:17 Recompense to no man evil for evil. Provide things honest in the sight of all men.
Romans 13:13 Let us walk honestly, as in the day; not in rioting and drunkenness, not in chambering and wantonness, not in strife and envying.
2 Corinthians 8:21 Providing for honest things, not only in the sight of the Lord, but also in the sight of men.
2 Corinthians 13:7 Now I pray to God that ye do no evil; not that we should appear approved, but that ye should do that which is honest, though we be as reprobates.
1 Thessalonians 4:12 That ye may walk honestly toward them that are without, and [that] ye may have lack of nothing.
1 Timothy 2:2 For kings, and [for] all that are in authority; that we may lead a quiet and peaceable life in all godliness and honesty.
1 Timothy 3:4 One that ruleth well his own house, having his children in subjection with all gravity;
1 Timothy 3:8 Likewise [must] the deacons [be] grave, not doubletongued, not given to much wine, not greedy of filthy lucre;
1 Timothy 3:11 Even so [must their] wives [be] grave, not slanderers, sober, faithful in all things.
Titus 2:2 That the aged men be sober, grave, temperate, sound in faith, in charity, in patience.
Titus 2:7 In all things shewing thyself a pattern of good works: in doctrine [shewing] uncorruptness, gravity, sincerity,
*Gr:
Titus 3:14 And let ours also learn to maintain good works for necessary uses, that they be not unfruitful.
*marg.
Hebrews 13:18 Pray for us: for we trust we have a good conscience, in all things willing to live honestly.
1 Peter 2:12 Having your conversation honest among the Gentiles: that, whereas they speak against you as evildoers, they may by [your] good works, which they shall behold, glorify God in the day of visitation.

are just:

Genesis 18:19 For I know him, that he will command his children and his household after him, and they shall keep the way of the LORD, to do justice and judgment; that the LORD may bring upon Abraham that which he hath spoken of him.
Deuteronomy 16:20 That which is altogether just shalt thou follow, that thou mayest live, and inherit the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee.
2 Samuel 23:3 The God of Israel said, the Rock of Israel spake to me, He that ruleth over men [must be] just, ruling in the fear of God.
Psalms 82:2 How long will ye judge unjustly, and accept the persons of the wicked? Selah.
Proverbs 11:1 A false balance [is] abomination to the LORD: but a just weight [is] his delight.
Proverbs 16:11 A just weight and balance [are] the LORD'S: all the weights of the bag [are] his work.
Proverbs 20:7 The just [man] walketh in his integrity: his children [are] blessed after him.
Isaiah 26:7 The way of the just [is] uprightness: thou, most upright, dost weigh the path of the just.
Mark 6:20 For Herod feared John, knowing that he was a just man and an holy, and observed him; and when he heard him, he did many things, and heard him gladly.
Luke 2:25 And, behold, there was a man in Jerusalem, whose name [was] Simeon; and the same man [was] just and devout, waiting for the consolation of Israel: and the Holy Ghost was upon him.
Luke 23:50 And, behold, [there was] a man named Joseph, a counsellor; [and he was] a good man, and a just:
Acts 10:22 And they said, Cornelius the centurion, a just man, and one that feareth God, and of good report among all the nation of the Jews, was warned from God by an holy angel to send for thee into his house, and to hear words of thee.
Titus 1:8 But a lover of hospitality, a lover of good men, sober, just, holy, temperate;

are pure:

1 Timothy 4:12 Let no man despise thy youth; but be thou an example of the believers, in word, in conversation, in charity, in spirit, in faith, in purity.
1 Timothy 5:2 The elder women as mothers; the younger as sisters, with all purity.
Titus 2:14 Who gave himself for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, and purify unto himself a peculiar people, zealous of good works.
James 1:27 Pure religion and undefiled before God and the Father is this, To visit the fatherless and widows in their affliction, [and] to keep himself unspotted from the world.
James 3:17 But the wisdom that is from above is first pure, then peaceable, gentle, [and] easy to be intreated, full of mercy and good fruits, without partiality, and without hypocrisy.
2 Peter 3:1 This second epistle, beloved, I now write unto you; in [both] which I stir up your pure minds by way of remembrance:
1 John 3:3 And every man that hath this hope in him purifieth himself, even as he is pure.

are lovely:

2 Samuel 1:23 Saul and Jonathan [were] lovely and pleasant in their lives, and in their death they were not divided: they were swifter than eagles, they were stronger than lions.
Song of Songs 5:16 His mouth [is] most sweet: yea, he [is] altogether lovely. This [is] my beloved, and this [is] my friend, O daughters of Jerusalem.
1 Corinthians 13:1-13 Though I speak with the tongues of men and of angels, and have not charity, I am become [as] sounding brass, or a tinkling cymbal. ... And now abideth faith, hope, charity, these three; but the greatest of these [is] charity.
1 Peter 4:8 And above all things have fervent charity among yourselves: for charity shall cover the multitude of sins.

are of:

Acts 6:3 Wherefore, brethren, look ye out among you seven men of honest report, full of the Holy Ghost and wisdom, whom we may appoint over this business.
Acts 10:22 And they said, Cornelius the centurion, a just man, and one that feareth God, and of good report among all the nation of the Jews, was warned from God by an holy angel to send for thee into his house, and to hear words of thee.
Acts 22:12 And one Ananias, a devout man according to the law, having a good report of all the Jews which dwelt [there],
Colossians 4:5 Walk in wisdom toward them that are without, redeeming the time.
1 Thessalonians 5:22 Abstain from all appearance of evil.
1 Timothy 3:7 Moreover he must have a good report of them which are without; lest he fall into reproach and the snare of the devil.
1 Timothy 5:10 Well reported of for good works; if she have brought up children, if she have lodged strangers, if she have washed the saints' feet, if she have relieved the afflicted, if she have diligently followed every good work.
Hebrews 11:2 For by it the elders obtained a good report.

virtue:

Ruth 3:11 And now, my daughter, fear not; I will do to thee all that thou requirest: for all the city of my people doth know that thou [art] a virtuous woman.
Proverbs 12:4 A virtuous woman [is] a crown to her husband: but she that maketh ashamed [is] as rottenness in his bones.
Proverbs 31:10 Who can find a virtuous woman? for her price [is] far above rubies.
Proverbs 31:29 Many daughters have done virtuously, but thou excellest them all.
2 Peter 1:3-4 According as his divine power hath given unto us all things that [pertain] unto life and godliness, through the knowledge of him that hath called us to glory and virtue: ... Whereby are given unto us exceeding great and precious promises: that by these ye might be partakers of the divine nature, having escaped the corruption that is in the world through lust.

praise:

Proverbs 31:31 Give her of the fruit of her hands; and let her own works praise her in the gates.
Romans 2:29 But he [is] a Jew, which is one inwardly; and circumcision [is that] of the heart, in the spirit, [and] not in the letter; whose praise [is] not of men, but of God.
Romans 13:3 For rulers are not a terror to good works, but to the evil. Wilt thou then not be afraid of the power? do that which is good, and thou shalt have praise of the same:
1 Corinthians 4:5 Therefore judge nothing before the time, until the Lord come, who both will bring to light the hidden things of darkness, and will make manifest the counsels of the hearts: and then shall every man have praise of God.
2 Corinthians 8:18 And we have sent with him the brother, whose praise [is] in the gospel throughout all the churches;

think:

Luke 16:15 And he said unto them, Ye are they which justify yourselves before men; but God knoweth your hearts: for that which is highly esteemed among men is abomination in the sight of God.
1 Thessalonians 5:21 Prove all things; hold fast that which is good.
1 John 4:1 Beloved, believe not every spirit, but try the spirits whether they are of God: because many false prophets are gone out into the world.
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Gn 18:19. Dt 16:20. Ru 3:11. 2S 1:23; 23:3. Ps 82:2. Pv 11:1; 12:4; 16:11; 20:7; 31:10, 29, 31. So 5:16. Is 26:7. Mt 22:16. Mk 6:20. Lk 2:25; 16:15; 23:50. Jn 7:18. Ac 6:3; 10:22; 22:12. Ro 2:29; 12:9, 17; 13:3, 13. 1Co 4:5; 13:1, 4. 2Co 6:8; 8:18, 21; 13:7. Ga 5:22. Ep 4:25; 5:9; 6:14. Php 3:1. Col 4:5. 1Th 4:12; 5:21, 22. 1Ti 2:2; 3:4, 7, 8, 11; 4:12; 5:2, 10. Tit 1:8; 2:2, 7, 14; 3:14. He 11:2; 13:18. Jm 1:27; 3:17. 1P 1:22; 2:12; 4:8. 2P 1:3, 5; 3:1. 1Jn 3:3, 18; 4:1.

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