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Philippians 4:6 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— In nothing be anxious; but in everything by prayer and supplication with thanksgiving let your requests be made known unto God.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Be careful for nothing; but in every thing by prayer and supplication with thanksgiving let your requests be made known unto God.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Be anxious for nothing, but in everything by prayer and supplication with thanksgiving let your requests be made known to God.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Be anxious for nothing; but in every thing by prayer and supplication with thanksgiving let your requests be made known to God.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Be careful about nothing; but in everything, by prayer and supplication with thanksgiving, let your requests be made known to God;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For nothing, be anxious, but, in everything, by your prayer and supplication with thanksgiving, let, your petitions, be made known unto God;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for nothing be anxious, but in everything by prayer, and by supplication, with thanksgiving, let your requests be made known unto God;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Be nothing solicitous: but in every thing, by prayer and supplication, with thanksgiving, let your petitions be made known to God.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Bee carefull for nothing: but in euery thing by prayer and supplication with thankesgiuing, let your request be made knowen vnto God.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— For nothing be anxious; but in all time, with prayer and with supplication, let your requests be made known before Aloha:
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Be anxious for nothing; but at all times, by prayer and supplication with thanksgiving, make known your requests before God.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Be careful 3309
{3309} Prime
μεριμνάω
merimnao
{mer-im-nah'-o}
From G3308; to be anxious about.
z5720
<5720> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 592
for nothing; 3367
{3367} Prime
μηδείς
medeis
{may-dice'}
The masculine, feminine irregular (second form) and neuter (third form) from G3361 and G1520; not even one (man, woman, thing).
but 235
{0235} Prime
ἀλλά
alla
{al-lah'}
Neuter plural of G0243; properly other things, that is, (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations).
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
every thing 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
by prayer 4335
{4335} Prime
προσευχή
proseuche
{pros-yoo-khay'}
From G4336; prayer (worship); by implication an oratory (chapel).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
supplication 1162
{1162} Prime
δέησις
deesis
{deh'-ay-sis}
From G1189; a petition.
with 3326
{3326} Prime
μετά
meta
{met-ah'}
A primary preposition (often used adverbially); properly denoting accompaniment; 'amid' (local or causal); modified variously according to the case (genitive case association, or accusative case succession) with which it is joined; occupying an intermediate position between G0575 or G1537 and G1519 or G4314; less intimate than G1722, and less close than G4862).
thanksgiving 2169
{2169} Prime
εὐχαριστία
eucharistia
{yoo-khar-is-tee'-ah}
From G2170; gratitude; active grateful language (to God, as an act of worship).
let y1107
[1107] Standard
γνωρίζω
gnorizo
{gno-rid'-zo}
From a derivative of G1097; to make known; subjectively to know.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
your 5216
{5216} Prime
ὑμῶν
humon
{hoo-mone'}
Genitive case of G5210; of (from or concerning) you.
requests 155
{0155} Prime
αἴτημα
aitema
{ah'-ee-tay-mah}
From G0154; a thing asked or (abstractly) an asking.
be made known 1107
{1107} Prime
γνωρίζω
gnorizo
{gno-rid'-zo}
From a derivative of G1097; to make known; subjectively to know.
z5744
<5744> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 48
unto 4314
{4314} Prime
πρός
pros
{pros}
A strengthened form of G4253; a preposition of direction; forward to, that is, toward (with the genitive case the side of, that is, pertaining to; with the dative case by the side of, that is, near to; usually with the accusative case the place, time, occasion, or respect, which is the destination of the relation, that is, whither or for which it is predicated).
God. 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Philippians 4:6

_ _ Translate, “Be anxious about nothing.” Care and prayer are as mutually opposed as fire and water [Bengel].

_ _ by prayer and supplicationGreek, “by the prayer and the supplication” appropriate to each case [Alford]. Prayer for blessings; and the general term. Supplication, to avert ills; a special term, suppliant entreaty (see on Ephesians 6:18).

_ _ thanksgiving — for every event, prosperity and affliction alike (1 Thessalonians 5:18; James 5:13). The Philippians might remember Paul’s example at Philippi when in the innermost prison (Acts 16:25). Thanksgiving gives effect to prayer (2 Chronicles 20:21), and frees from anxious carefulness by making all God’s dealings matter for praise, not merely for resignation, much less murmuring. “Peace” is the companion of “thanksgiving” (Philippians 4:7; Colossians 3:15).

_ _ let your requests be made known unto God — with generous, filial, unreserved confidence; not keeping aught back, as too great, or else too small, to bring before God, though you might feel so as to your fellow men. So Jacob, when fearing Esau (Genesis 32:9-12); Hezekiah fearing Sennacherib (2 Kings 19:14; Psalms 37:5).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Philippians 4:1-9.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Philippians 4:6

Be anxiously careful for nothing — If men are not gentle towards you, yet neither on this, nor any other account, be careful, but pray. Carefulness and prayer cannot stand together. In every thing — Great and small. Let your requests be made known — They who by a preposterous shame or distrustful modesty, cover, stifle, or keep in their desires, as if they were either too small or too great, must be racked with care; from which they are entirely delivered, who pour them out with a free and filial confidence. To God — It is not always proper to disclose them to men. By supplication — Which is the enlarging upon and pressing our petition. With thanksgiving — The surest mark of a soul free from care, and of prayer joined with true resignation. This is always followed by peace. Peace and thanksgiving are both coupled together, Colossians 3:15.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Philippians 4:6

(6) Be careful for nothing; but in every thing by prayer and supplication with (f) thanksgiving let your requests be made known unto God.

(6) The third is, that we are not too anxious for anything, but with sure confidence give God thanks, and desire from him whatever we have need of, that with a quiet conscience we may wholly and with all our hearts submit ourselves to him.

(f) So David began very often with tears, but ended with thanksgiving.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
careful:

Daniel 3:16 Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego, answered and said to the king, O Nebuchadnezzar, we [are] not careful to answer thee in this matter.
Matthew 6:25-33 Therefore I say unto you, Take no thought for your life, what ye shall eat, or what ye shall drink; nor yet for your body, what ye shall put on. Is not the life more than meat, and the body than raiment? ... But seek ye first the kingdom of God, and his righteousness; and all these things shall be added unto you.
Matthew 10:19 But when they deliver you up, take no thought how or what ye shall speak: for it shall be given you in that same hour what ye shall speak.
Matthew 13:22 He also that received seed among the thorns is he that heareth the word; and the care of this world, and the deceitfulness of riches, choke the word, and he becometh unfruitful.
Luke 10:41 And Jesus answered and said unto her, Martha, Martha, thou art careful and troubled about many things:
Luke 12:29 And seek not ye what ye shall eat, or what ye shall drink, neither be ye of doubtful mind.
1 Corinthians 7:21 Art thou called [being] a servant? care not for it: but if thou mayest be made free, use [it] rather.
1 Corinthians 7:32 But I would have you without carefulness. He that is unmarried careth for the things that belong to the Lord, how he may please the Lord:
1 Peter 5:7 Casting all your care upon him; for he careth for you.

in:

Genesis 32:7-12 Then Jacob was greatly afraid and distressed: and he divided the people that [was] with him, and the flocks, and herds, and the camels, into two bands; ... And thou saidst, I will surely do thee good, and make thy seed as the sand of the sea, which cannot be numbered for multitude.
1 Samuel 1:15 And Hannah answered and said, No, my lord, I [am] a woman of a sorrowful spirit: I have drunk neither wine nor strong drink, but have poured out my soul before the LORD.
1 Samuel 30:6 And David was greatly distressed; for the people spake of stoning him, because the soul of all the people was grieved, every man for his sons and for his daughters: but David encouraged himself in the LORD his God.
2 Chronicles 32:20 And for this [cause] Hezekiah the king, and the prophet Isaiah the son of Amoz, prayed and cried to heaven.
2 Chronicles 33:12-13 And when he was in affliction, he besought the LORD his God, and humbled himself greatly before the God of his fathers, ... And prayed unto him: and he was intreated of him, and heard his supplication, and brought him again to Jerusalem into his kingdom. Then Manasseh knew that the LORD he [was] God.
Psalms 34:5-7 They looked unto him, and were lightened: and their faces were not ashamed. ... The angel of the LORD encampeth round about them that fear him, and delivereth them.
Psalms 51:15 O Lord, open thou my lips; and my mouth shall shew forth thy praise.
Psalms 55:17 Evening, and morning, and at noon, will I pray, and cry aloud: and he shall hear my voice.
Psalms 55:22 Cast thy burden upon the LORD, and he shall sustain thee: he shall never suffer the righteous to be moved.
Psalms 62:8 Trust in him at all times; [ye] people, pour out your heart before him: God [is] a refuge for us. Selah.
Proverbs 3:5-6 Trust in the LORD with all thine heart; and lean not unto thine own understanding. ... In all thy ways acknowledge him, and he shall direct thy paths.
Proverbs 16:3 Commit thy works unto the LORD, and thy thoughts shall be established.
Jeremiah 33:3 Call unto me, and I will answer thee, and shew thee great and mighty things, which thou knowest not.
Matthew 7:7-8 Ask, and it shall be given you; seek, and ye shall find; knock, and it shall be opened unto you: ... For every one that asketh receiveth; and he that seeketh findeth; and to him that knocketh it shall be opened.
Luke 18:1 And he spake a parable unto them [to this end], that men ought always to pray, and not to faint;
Luke 18:7 And shall not God avenge his own elect, which cry day and night unto him, though he bear long with them?
Luke 12:22 And he said unto his disciples, Therefore I say unto you, Take no thought for your life, what ye shall eat; neither for the body, what ye shall put on.
Ephesians 6:18 Praying always with all prayer and supplication in the Spirit, and watching thereunto with all perseverance and supplication for all saints;
Colossians 4:2 Continue in prayer, and watch in the same with thanksgiving;
1 Thessalonians 5:17-18 Pray without ceasing. ... In every thing give thanks: for this is the will of God in Christ Jesus concerning you.
1 Peter 4:7 But the end of all things is at hand: be ye therefore sober, and watch unto prayer.
Jude 1:20-21 But ye, beloved, building up yourselves on your most holy faith, praying in the Holy Ghost, ... Keep yourselves in the love of God, looking for the mercy of our Lord Jesus Christ unto eternal life.

thanksgiving:

1 Samuel 7:12 Then Samuel took a stone, and set [it] between Mizpeh and Shen, and called the name of it Ebenezer, saying, Hitherto hath the LORD helped us.
2 Corinthians 1:11 Ye also helping together by prayer for us, that for the gift [bestowed] upon us by the means of many persons thanks may be given by many on our behalf.
Ephesians 5:20 Giving thanks always for all things unto God and the Father in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ;
Colossians 3:15 And let the peace of God rule in your hearts, to the which also ye are called in one body; and be ye thankful.
Colossians 3:17 And whatsoever ye do in word or deed, [do] all in the name of the Lord Jesus, giving thanks to God and the Father by him.

known:

Proverbs 15:8 The sacrifice of the wicked [is] an abomination to the LORD: but the prayer of the upright [is] his delight.
Song of Songs 2:14 O my dove, [that art] in the clefts of the rock, in the secret [places] of the stairs, let me see thy countenance, let me hear thy voice; for sweet [is] thy voice, and thy countenance [is] comely.
Matthew 6:8 Be not ye therefore like unto them: for your Father knoweth what things ye have need of, before ye ask him.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 32:7. 1S 1:15; 7:12; 30:6. 2Ch 32:20; 33:12. Ps 34:5; 51:15; 55:17, 22; 62:8. Pv 3:5; 15:8; 16:3. So 2:14. Jr 33:3. Dn 3:16. Mt 6:8, 25; 7:7; 10:19; 13:22. Lk 10:41; 12:22, 29; 18:1, 7. 1Co 7:21, 32. 2Co 1:11. Ep 5:20; 6:18. Col 3:15, 17; 4:2. 1Th 5:17. 1P 4:7; 5:7. Jde 1:20.

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