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Philippians 4:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Let your forbearance be known unto all men. The Lord is at hand.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Let your moderation be known unto all men. The Lord [is] at hand.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Let your gentle [spirit] be known to all men. The Lord is near.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Let your moderation be known to all men. The Lord [is] at hand.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Let your gentleness be known of all men. The Lord [is] near.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Let, your considerateness, be known unto all men. The Lord, is near:—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— let your forbearance be known to all men; the Lord [is] near;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Let your modesty be known to all men. The Lord is nigh.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Let your moderation be knowen vnto all men. The Lord is at hand.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And let your meekness be known unto every man: our Lord is near.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Let your humility be recognized among all men. Our Lord is near.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Let y1097
[1097] Standard
A prolonged form of a primary verb; to 'know' (absolutely), in a great variety of applications and with many implications (as shown at left, with others not thus clearly expressed).
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
your 5216
{5216} Prime
Genitive case of G5210; of (from or concerning) you.
moderation 1933
{1933} Prime
From G1909 and G1503; appropriate, that is, (by implication) mild.
be known 1097
{1097} Prime
A prolonged form of a primary verb; to 'know' (absolutely), in a great variety of applications and with many implications (as shown at left, with others not thus clearly expressed).
<5682> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 40
unto all 3956
{3956} Prime
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
men. 444
{0444} Prime
From G0435 and ὤψ [[ops]] (the countenance; from G3700); manfaced, that is, a human being.
The x3588
(3588) Complement

The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
Lord 2962
{2962} Prime
From κῦρος [[kuros]] (supremacy); supreme in authority, that is, (as noun) controller; by implication Mr. (as a respectful title).
[is] at hand. 1451
{1451} Prime
From a primary verb ἄγχω [[agcho]] (to squeeze or throttle; akin to the base of G0043); near (literally or figuratively, of place or time).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Philippians 4:5

_ _ moderation — from a Greek root, “to yield,” whence yieldingness [Trench]; or from a root, “it is fitting,” whence “reasonableness of dealing” [Alford], that considerateness for others, not urging one’s own rights to the uttermost, but waiving a part, and thereby rectifying the injustices of justice. The archetype of this grace is God, who presses not the strictness of His law against us as we deserve (Psalms 130:3, Psalms 130:4); though having exacted the fullest payment for us from our Divine Surety. There are included in “moderation,” candor and kindliness. Joy in the Lord raises us above rigorism towards others (Philippians 4:5), and carefulness (Philippians 4:6) as to one’s own affairs. Sadness produces morose harshness towards others, and a troublesome spirit in ourselves.

_ _ Let ... be known — that is, in your conduct to others, let nothing inconsistent with “moderation” be seen. Not a precept to make a display of moderation. Let this grace “be known” to men in acts; let “your requests be made to God” in word (Philippians 4:6).

_ _ unto all men — even to the “perverse” (Philippians 2:15), that so ye may win them. Exercise “forbearance” even to your persecutors. None is so ungracious as not to be kindly to someone, from some motive or another, on some occasion; the believer is to be so “unto all men” at all times.

The Lord is at hand — The Lord’s coming again speedily is the grand motive to every Christian grace (James 5:8, James 5:9). Harshness to others (the opposite of “moderation”) would be taking into our own hands prematurely the prerogatives of judging, which belongs to the Lord alone (1 Corinthians 4:5); and so provoking God to judge us by the strict letter of the law (James 2:12, James 2:13).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Philippians 4:1-9.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Philippians 4:5

Let your gentleness — Yieldingness, sweetness of temper, the result of joy in the Lord. Be known — By your whole behaviour. To all men — Good and bad, gentle and froward. Those of the roughest tempers are good natured to some, from natural sympathy and various motives; a Christian, to all. The Lord — The judge, the rewarder, the avenger. Is at hand — Standeth at the door.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Philippians 4:5

(4) Let your (e) moderation be known unto all men. (5) The Lord [is] at hand.

(4) The second is, that taking all things in good part, they behave themselves moderately with all men.

(e) Your quiet and settled mind. (5) The taking away of an objection: we must not be anxious because of impatience, seeing that God is at hand to give us help in time for all our miseries.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Matthew 5:39-42 But I say unto you, That ye resist not evil: but whosoever shall smite thee on thy right cheek, turn to him the other also. ... Give to him that asketh thee, and from him that would borrow of thee turn not thou away.
Matthew 6:25 Therefore I say unto you, Take no thought for your life, what ye shall eat, or what ye shall drink; nor yet for your body, what ye shall put on. Is not the life more than meat, and the body than raiment?
Matthew 6:34 Take therefore no thought for the morrow: for the morrow shall take thought for the things of itself. Sufficient unto the day [is] the evil thereof.
Luke 6:29-35 And unto him that smiteth thee on the [one] cheek offer also the other; and him that taketh away thy cloke forbid not [to take thy] coat also. ... But love ye your enemies, and do good, and lend, hoping for nothing again; and your reward shall be great, and ye shall be the children of the Highest: for he is kind unto the unthankful and [to] the evil.
Luke 12:22-30 And he said unto his disciples, Therefore I say unto you, Take no thought for your life, what ye shall eat; neither for the body, what ye shall put on. ... For all these things do the nations of the world seek after: and your Father knoweth that ye have need of these things.
Luke 21:34 And take heed to yourselves, lest at any time your hearts be overcharged with surfeiting, and drunkenness, and cares of this life, and [so] that day come upon you unawares.
1 Corinthians 6:7 Now therefore there is utterly a fault among you, because ye go to law one with another. Why do ye not rather take wrong? why do ye not rather [suffer yourselves to] be defrauded?
1 Corinthians 7:29-31 But this I say, brethren, the time [is] short: it remaineth, that both they that have wives be as though they had none; ... And they that use this world, as not abusing [it]: for the fashion of this world passeth away.
1 Corinthians 8:13 Wherefore, if meat make my brother to offend, I will eat no flesh while the world standeth, lest I make my brother to offend.
1 Corinthians 9:25 And every man that striveth for the mastery is temperate in all things. Now they [do it] to obtain a corruptible crown; but we an incorruptible.
Titus 3:2 To speak evil of no man, to be no brawlers, [but] gentle, shewing all meekness unto all men.
Hebrews 13:5-6 [Let your] conversation [be] without covetousness; [and be] content with such things as ye have: for he hath said, I will never leave thee, nor forsake thee. ... So that we may boldly say, The Lord [is] my helper, and I will not fear what man shall do unto me.
1 Peter 1:11 Searching what, or what manner of time the Spirit of Christ which was in them did signify, when it testified beforehand the sufferings of Christ, and the glory that should follow.


Matthew 24:48-50 But and if that evil servant shall say in his heart, My lord delayeth his coming; ... The lord of that servant shall come in a day when he looketh not for [him], and in an hour that he is not aware of,
1 Thessalonians 5:2-4 For yourselves know perfectly that the day of the Lord so cometh as a thief in the night. ... But ye, brethren, are not in darkness, that that day should overtake you as a thief.
2 Thessalonians 2:2 That ye be not soon shaken in mind, or be troubled, neither by spirit, nor by word, nor by letter as from us, as that the day of Christ is at hand.
Hebrews 10:25 Not forsaking the assembling of ourselves together, as the manner of some [is]; but exhorting [one another]: and so much the more, as ye see the day approaching.
James 5:8-9 Be ye also patient; stablish your hearts: for the coming of the Lord draweth nigh. ... Grudge not one against another, brethren, lest ye be condemned: behold, the judge standeth before the door.
1 Peter 4:7 But the end of all things is at hand: be ye therefore sober, and watch unto prayer.
2 Peter 3:8-14 But, beloved, be not ignorant of this one thing, that one day [is] with the Lord as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day. ... Wherefore, beloved, seeing that ye look for such things, be diligent that ye may be found of him in peace, without spot, and blameless.
Revelation 22:7 Behold, I come quickly: blessed [is] he that keepeth the sayings of the prophecy of this book.
Revelation 22:20 He which testifieth these things saith, Surely I come quickly. Amen. Even so, come, Lord Jesus.
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Mt 5:39; 6:25, 34; 24:48. Lk 6:29; 12:22; 21:34. 1Co 6:7; 7:29; 8:13; 9:25. 1Th 5:2. 2Th 2:2. Tit 3:2. He 10:25; 13:5. Jm 5:8. 1P 1:11; 4:7. 2P 3:8. Rv 22:7, 20.

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