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Philippians 4:22 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— All the saints salute you, especially they that are of Caesar's household.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— All the saints salute you, chiefly they that are of Caesar's household.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— All the saints greet you, especially those of Caesar’s household.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— All the saints salute you, chiefly they that are of Cesar's household.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— All the saints salute you, and specially those of the household of Caesar.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— All the saints salute you, but especially they who are of Caesar's household.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— there salute you all the saints, and specially those of Caesar's house;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The brethren who are with me salute you. All the saints salute you: especially they that are of Caesar's household.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— All the Saints salute you, chiefly they that are of Cesars houshold.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— All the saints ask for your peace, especially those who are of the house of Caesar.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— All the saints salute you, especially those of Caesar's household.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
All 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
saints 40
{0040} Prime
ἅγιος
hagios
{hag'-ee-os}
From ἅγος [[hagos]] (an awful thing) compare G0053, [H2282]; sacred (physically pure, morally blameless or religious, ceremonially consecrated).
salute 782
{0782} Prime
ἀσπάζομαι
aspazomai
{as-pad'-zom-ahee}
From G0001 (as a particle of union) and a presumed form of G4685; to enfold in the arms, that is, (by implication) to salute, (figuratively) to welcome.
z5736
<5736> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 618
you, 5209
{5209} Prime
ὑμᾶς
humas
{hoo-mas'}
Accusative of G5210; you (as the object of a verb or preposition).
1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
chiefly 3122
{3122} Prime
μάλιστα
malista
{mal'-is-tah}
Neuter plural of the superlative of an apparently primary adverb μάλα [[mala]] (very); (adverb) most (in the greatest degree) or particularly.
they x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
that are of 1537
{1537} Prime
ἐκ
ek
{ek}
A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence motion or action proceeds), from, out (of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote).
Caesar's 2541
{2541} Prime
Καῖσαρ
Kaisar
{kah'-ee-sar}
Of Latin origin; Caesar, a title of the Roman emperor.
household. 3614
{3614} Prime
οἰκία
oikia
{oy-kee'-ah}
From G3624; properly residence (abstractly), but usually (concretely) an abode (literally or figuratively); by implication a family (especially domestics).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Philippians 4:22

_ _ they that are of Caesar’s household — the slaves and dependents of Nero who had been probably converted through Paul’s teaching while he was a prisoner in the Praetorian barrack attached to the palace. Philippi was a Roman “colony,” hence there might arise a tie between the citizens of the mother city and those of the colony; especially between those of both cities who were Christians, converted as many of them were by the same apostle, and under like circumstances, he having been imprisoned at Philippi, as he now is at Rome.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Philippians 4:20-23.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Philippians 4:22

All the saints salute you, chiefly they that are of (p) Caesar's household.

(p) Those who belong to the emperor Nero.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the:

Romans 16:16 Salute one another with an holy kiss. The churches of Christ salute you.
2 Corinthians 13:13 All the saints salute you.
Hebrews 13:24 Salute all them that have the rule over you, and all the saints. They of Italy salute you.
1 Peter 5:13 The [church that is] at Babylon, elected together with [you], saluteth you; and [so doth] Marcus my son.
3 John 1:14 But I trust I shall shortly see thee, and we shall speak face to face. Peace [be] to thee. [Our] friends salute thee. Greet the friends by name.

they:

Philippians 1:13 So that my bonds in Christ are manifest in all the palace, and in all other [places];

Caesar's:
The cruel, worthless, and diabolical Nero was at this time emperor of Rome; but it is not improbable that the empress Poppaea was favourably inclined to Christianity, as Josephus relates that Θεοσεβης [Strong's G2318], γαρ [Strong's G1063], ην [Strong's G2258], "she was a worshipper of the true God." Jerome states (in Philemon) that St. Paul had converted many in Caesar's family; for "being by the emperor cast into prison, he became more known to his family, and turned the house of Christ's persecutor into a church."
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Ro 16:16. 2Co 13:13. Php 1:13. He 13:24. 1P 5:13. 3Jn 1:14.

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