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Philippians 3:21 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— who shall fashion anew the body of our humiliation, [that it may be] conformed to the body of his glory, according to the working whereby he is able even to subject all things unto himself.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Who shall change our vile body, that it may be fashioned like unto his glorious body, according to the working whereby he is able even to subdue all things unto himself.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— who will transform the body of our humble state into conformity with the body of His glory, by the exertion of the power that He has even to subject all things to Himself.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Who will change our vile body, that it may be fashioned like to his glorious body, according to the working by which he is able even to subdue all things to himself.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— who shall transform our body of humiliation into conformity to his body of glory, according to the working of [the] power which he has even to subdue all things to himself.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Who will transfigure our humbled body, into conformity with his glorified body, according to the energy wherewith he is able even to subdue, unto himself, all things.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— who shall transform the body of our humiliation to its becoming conformed to the body of his glory, according to the working of his power, even to subject to himself the all things.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Who will reform the body of our lowness, made like to the body of his glory, according to the operation whereby also he is able to subdue all things unto himself.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Who shall change our vile bodie, that it may bee fashioned like vnto his glorious body, according to the working whereby he is able euen to subdue all things vnto himselfe.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— who will change the body of our abasement to make (it) in the fashion of his glorious body, according to his great power, by which all is subjected unto him.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— who will change the body of our abasement, that it may have the likeness of the body of his glory, according to his great power, whereby all things are made subject to him.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Who 3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
shall change 3345
{3345} Prime
μετασχηματίζω
metaschematizo
{met-askh-ay-mat-id'-zo}
From G3326 and a derivative of G4976; to transfigure or disguise; figuratively to apply (by accommodation).
z5692
<5692> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 814
our 2257
{2257} Prime
ἡμῶν
hemon
{hay-mone'}
Genitive plural of G1473; of (or from) us.
vile 5014
{5014} Prime
ταπείνωσις
tapeinosis
{tap-i'-no-sis}
From G5013; depression (in rank or feeling).
body, 4983
{4983} Prime
σῶμα
soma
{so'-mah}
From G4982; the body (as a sound whole), used in a very wide application, literally or figuratively.
that y1519
[1519] Standard
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
it 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
may be y1096
[1096] Standard
γίνομαι
ginomai
{ghin'-om-ahee}
A prolonged and middle form of a primary verb; to cause to be ('gen' -erate), that is, (reflexively) to become (come into being), used with great latitude (literally, figuratively, intensively, etc.).
z5635
<5635> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 42
fashioned x1096
(1096) Complement
γίνομαι
ginomai
{ghin'-om-ahee}
A prolonged and middle form of a primary verb; to cause to be ('gen' -erate), that is, (reflexively) to become (come into being), used with great latitude (literally, figuratively, intensively, etc.).
like unto 4832
{4832} Prime
σύμμορφος
summorphos
{soom-mor-fos'}
From G4862 and G3444; jointly formed, that is, (figuratively) similar.
his 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
glorious 1391
{1391} Prime
δόξα
doxa
{dox'-ah}
From the base of G1380; glory (as very apparent), in a wide application (literally or figuratively, objectively or subjectively).
body, 4983
{4983} Prime
σῶμα
soma
{so'-mah}
From G4982; the body (as a sound whole), used in a very wide application, literally or figuratively.
according x2596
(2596) Complement
κατά
kata
{kat-ah'}
A primary particle; (preposition) down (in place or time), in varied relations (according to the case [genitive, dative or accusative] with which it is joined).
to y2596
[2596] Standard
κατά
kata
{kat-ah'}
A primary particle; (preposition) down (in place or time), in varied relations (according to the case [genitive, dative or accusative] with which it is joined).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
working 1753
{1753} Prime
ἐνέργεια
energeia
{en-erg'-i-ah}
From G1756; efficiency ('energy').
whereby x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
he 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
is able 1410
{1410} Prime
δύναμαι
dunamai
{doo'-nam-ahee}
Of uncertain affinity; to be able or possible.
z5738
<5738> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 109
even 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
to subdue 5293
{5293} Prime
ὑποτάσσω
hupotasso
{hoop-ot-as'-so}
From G5259 and G5021; to subordinate; reflexively to obey.
z5658
<5658> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 516
all things 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
unto himself. 1438
{1438} Prime
ἑαυτοῦ
heautou
{heh-ow-too'}
(Including all the other cases); from a reflexive pronoun otherwise obsolete and the genitive (dative or accusative) of G0846; him (her, it, them, also [in conjunction with the personal pronoun of the other persons] my, thy, our, your) -self (-selves), etc.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Philippians 3:21

_ _ Greek, “Who shall transfigure the body of our humiliation (namely, in which our humiliation has place, 2 Corinthians 4:10; Ephesians 2:19; 2 Timothy 2:12), that it may be conformed unto the body of His glory (namely, in which His glory is manifested), according to the effectual working whereby,” etc. Not only shall He come as our “Savior,” but also as our Glorifier.

_ _ even — not only to make the body like His own, but “to subdue all things,” even death itself, as well as Satan and sin. He gave a sample of the coming transfiguration on the mount (Matthew 17:1, etc.). Not a change of identity, but of fashion or form (Psalms 17:15; 1 Corinthians 15:51). Our spiritual resurrection now is the pledge of our bodily resurrection to glory hereafter (Philippians 3:20; Romans 8:11). As Christ’s glorified body was essentially identical with His body of humiliation; so our resurrection bodies as believers, since they shall be like His, shall be identical essentially with our present bodies, and yet “spiritual bodies” (1 Corinthians 15:42-44). Our “hope” is, that Christ, by His rising from the dead, hath obtained the power, and is become the pattern, of our resurrection (Micah 2:13).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Philippians 3:17-21.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Philippians 3:21

Who will transform our vile body — Into the most perfect state, and the most beauteous form. It will then be purer than the unspotted firmament, brighter than the lustre of the stars and, which exceeds all parallel, which comprehends all perfection, like unto his glorious body — Like that wonderfully glorious body which he wears in his heavenly kingdom, and on his triumphant throne.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
shall:

1 Corinthians 15:42-44 So also [is] the resurrection of the dead. It is sown in corruption; it is raised in incorruption: ... It is sown a natural body; it is raised a spiritual body. There is a natural body, and there is a spiritual body.
1 Corinthians 15:48-54 As [is] the earthy, such [are] they also that are earthy: and as [is] the heavenly, such [are] they also that are heavenly. ... So when this corruptible shall have put on incorruption, and this mortal shall have put on immortality, then shall be brought to pass the saying that is written, Death is swallowed up in victory.

that:

Matthew 17:2 And was transfigured before them: and his face did shine as the sun, and his raiment was white as the light.
Colossians 3:4 When Christ, [who is] our life, shall appear, then shall ye also appear with him in glory.
1 John 3:2 Beloved, now are we the sons of God, and it doth not yet appear what we shall be: but we know that, when he shall appear, we shall be like him; for we shall see him as he is.
Revelation 1:13-20 And in the midst of the seven candlesticks [one] like unto the Son of man, clothed with a garment down to the foot, and girt about the paps with a golden girdle. ... The mystery of the seven stars which thou sawest in my right hand, and the seven golden candlesticks. The seven stars are the angels of the seven churches: and the seven candlesticks which thou sawest are the seven churches.

the working:

Isaiah 25:8 He will swallow up death in victory; and the Lord GOD will wipe away tears from off all faces; and the rebuke of his people shall he take away from off all the earth: for the LORD hath spoken [it].
Isaiah 26:19 Thy dead [men] shall live, [together with] my dead body shall they arise. Awake and sing, ye that dwell in dust: for thy dew [is as] the dew of herbs, and the earth shall cast out the dead.
Hosea 13:14 I will ransom them from the power of the grave; I will redeem them from death: O death, I will be thy plagues; O grave, I will be thy destruction: repentance shall be hid from mine eyes.
Matthew 22:29 Jesus answered and said unto them, Ye do err, not knowing the scriptures, nor the power of God.
Matthew 28:18 And Jesus came and spake unto them, saying, All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth.
John 5:25-29 Verily, verily, I say unto you, The hour is coming, and now is, when the dead shall hear the voice of the Son of God: and they that hear shall live. ... And shall come forth; they that have done good, unto the resurrection of life; and they that have done evil, unto the resurrection of damnation.
John 11:24-26 Martha saith unto him, I know that he shall rise again in the resurrection at the last day. ... And whosoever liveth and believeth in me shall never die. Believest thou this?
1 Corinthians 15:25-27 For he must reign, till he hath put all enemies under his feet. ... For he hath put all things under his feet. But when he saith all things are put under [him, it is] manifest that he is excepted, which did put all things under him.
1 Corinthians 15:53-56 For this corruptible must put on incorruption, and this mortal [must] put on immortality. ... The sting of death [is] sin; and the strength of sin [is] the law.
Ephesians 1:19-20 And what [is] the exceeding greatness of his power to us-ward who believe, according to the working of his mighty power, ... Which he wrought in Christ, when he raised him from the dead, and set [him] at his own right hand in the heavenly [places],
Revelation 1:8 I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending, saith the Lord, which is, and which was, and which is to come, the Almighty.
Revelation 1:18 I [am] he that liveth, and was dead; and, behold, I am alive for evermore, Amen; and have the keys of hell and of death.
Revelation 20:11-15 And I saw a great white throne, and him that sat on it, from whose face the earth and the heaven fled away; and there was found no place for them. ... And whosoever was not found written in the book of life was cast into the lake of fire.
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Is 25:8; 26:19. Ho 13:14. Mt 17:2; 22:29; 28:18. Jn 5:25; 11:24. 1Co 15:25, 42, 48, 53. Ep 1:19. Col 3:4. 1Jn 3:2. Rv 1:8, 13, 18; 20:11.

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