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Philippians 3:20 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For our citizenship is in heaven; whence also we wait for a Saviour, the Lord Jesus Christ:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For our conversation is in heaven; from whence also we look for the Saviour, the Lord Jesus Christ:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For our citizenship is in heaven, from which also we eagerly wait for a Savior, the Lord Jesus Christ;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For our conversation is in heaven; from whence also we look for the Savior, the Lord Jesus Christ:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— for *our* commonwealth has its existence in [the] heavens, from which also we await the Lord Jesus Christ [as] Saviour,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For, our citizenship, in the heavens, hath its rise; wherefore, a Saviour also, do we ardently await,—The Lord Jesus Christ,—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— For our citizenship is in the heavens, whence also a Saviour we await—the Lord Jesus Christ—
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But our conversation is in heaven: from whence also we look for the Saviour, our Lord Jesus Christ,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For our conuersation is in heauen, from whence also we looke for the Sauiour, the Lord Iesus Christ:
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— But our employment is in heaven, and from thence we expect the Saviour, our Lord Jeshu Meshiha,
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— But our concern is with heaven; and from thence we expect our Vivifier, our Lord, Jesus the Messiah;

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
our 2257
{2257} Prime
ἡμῶν
hemon
{hay-mone'}
Genitive plural of G1473; of (or from) us.
conversation 4175
{4175} Prime
πολίτευμα
politeuma
{pol-it'-yoo-mah}
From G4176; a community, that is, (abstractly) citizenship (figuratively).
is 5225
{5225} Prime
ὑπάρχω
huparcho
{hoop-ar'-kho}
From G5259 and G0756; to begin under (quietly), that is, come into existence (be present or at hand); expletively, to exist (as copula or subordinate to an adjective, participle, adverb or preposition, or as auxilliary to principal verb).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
heaven; 3772
{3772} Prime
οὐρανός
ouranos
{oo-ran-os'}
Perhaps from the same as G3735 (through the idea of elevation); the sky; by extension heaven (as the abode of God); by implication happiness, power, eternity; specifically the Gospel (Christianity).
from 1537
{1537} Prime
ἐκ
ek
{ek}
A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence motion or action proceeds), from, out (of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote).
whence 3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
also 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
we look for 553
{0553} Prime
ἀπεκδέχομαι
apekdechomai
{ap-ek-dekh'-om-ahee}
From G0575 and G1551; to expect fully.
z5736
<5736> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 618
the Saviour, 4990
{4990} Prime
σωτήρ
soter
{so-tare'}
From G4982; a deliverer, that is, God or Christ.
the Lord 2962
{2962} Prime
κύριος
kurios
{koo'-ree-os}
From κῦρος [[kuros]] (supremacy); supreme in authority, that is, (as noun) controller; by implication Mr. (as a respectful title).
Jesus 2424
{2424} Prime
Ἰησοῦς
Iesous
{ee-ay-sooce'}
Of Hebrew origin [H3091]; Jesus (that is, Jehoshua), the name of our Lord and two (three) other Israelites.
Christ: 5547
{5547} Prime
Χριστός
Christos
{khris-tos'}
From G5548; anointed, that is, the Messiah, an epithet of Jesus.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Philippians 3:20

_ _ our conversation — rather, “our state” or “country”; our citizenship: our life as citizens. We are but pilgrims on earth; how then should we “mind earthly things?” (Philippians 3:19; Hebrews 11:9, Hebrews 11:10, Hebrews 11:13-16). Roman citizenship was then highly prized; how much more should the heavenly citizenship (Acts 22:28; compare Luke 10:20)?

_ _ isGreek, “has its existence.”

_ _ in heavenGreek, “in the heavens.”

_ _ look for the Saviour, the Lord Jesus Christ — “We wait for (so the same Greek is translated, Romans 8:19) the Lord Jesus as a (that is, in the capacity of a) Savior” (Hebrews 9:28). That He is “the Lord,” now exalted above every name, assures our expectation (Philippians 2:9-11). Our High Priest is gone up into the Holy of Holies not made with hands, there to atone for us; and as the Israelites stood outside the tabernacle, expecting Aaron’s return (compare Luke 1:21), so must we look unto the heavens expecting Christ thence.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Philippians 3:17-21.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Philippians 3:20

Our conversation — The Greek word is of a very extenslve meaning: our citizenship, our thoughts, our affections, are already in heaven.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Philippians 3:20

(9) For our conversation is in heaven; from whence also we look for the Saviour, the Lord Jesus Christ:

(9) He sets against these fellows true pastors who neglect earthly things, and aspire to heaven only, where they know that even in their bodies they will be clothed with that eternal glory, by the power of God.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
our:

Philippians 1:18-21 What then? notwithstanding, every way, whether in pretence, or in truth, Christ is preached; and I therein do rejoice, yea, and will rejoice. ... For to me to live [is] Christ, and to die [is] gain.
Psalms 16:11 Thou wilt shew me the path of life: in thy presence [is] fulness of joy; at thy right hand [there are] pleasures for evermore.
Psalms 17:15 As for me, I will behold thy face in righteousness: I shall be satisfied, when I awake, with thy likeness.
Psalms 73:24-26 Thou shalt guide me with thy counsel, and afterward receive me [to] glory. ... My flesh and my heart faileth: [but] God [is] the strength of my heart, and my portion for ever.
Proverbs 15:24 The way of life [is] above to the wise, that he may depart from hell beneath.
Matthew 6:19-21 Lay not up for yourselves treasures upon earth, where moth and rust doth corrupt, and where thieves break through and steal: ... For where your treasure is, there will your heart be also.
Matthew 19:21 Jesus said unto him, If thou wilt be perfect, go [and] sell that thou hast, and give to the poor, and thou shalt have treasure in heaven: and come [and] follow me.
Luke 12:21 So [is] he that layeth up treasure for himself, and is not rich toward God.
Luke 12:32-34 Fear not, little flock; for it is your Father's good pleasure to give you the kingdom. ... For where your treasure is, there will your heart be also.
Luke 14:14 And thou shalt be blessed; for they cannot recompense thee: for thou shalt be recompensed at the resurrection of the just.
2 Corinthians 4:18 While we look not at the things which are seen, but at the things which are not seen: for the things which are seen [are] temporal; but the things which are not seen [are] eternal.
2 Corinthians 5:1 For we know that if our earthly house of [this] tabernacle were dissolved, we have a building of God, an house not made with hands, eternal in the heavens.
2 Corinthians 5:8 We are confident, [I say], and willing rather to be absent from the body, and to be present with the Lord.
Ephesians 2:6 And hath raised [us] up together, and made [us] sit together in heavenly [places] in Christ Jesus:
Ephesians 2:19 Now therefore ye are no more strangers and foreigners, but fellowcitizens with the saints, and of the household of God;
Colossians 1:5 For the hope which is laid up for you in heaven, whereof ye heard before in the word of the truth of the gospel;
Colossians 3:1-3 If ye then be risen with Christ, seek those things which are above, where Christ sitteth on the right hand of God. ... For ye are dead, and your life is hid with Christ in God.
Hebrews 10:34-35 For ye had compassion of me in my bonds, and took joyfully the spoiling of your goods, knowing in yourselves that ye have in heaven a better and an enduring substance. ... Cast not away therefore your confidence, which hath great recompence of reward.
1 Peter 1:3-4 Blessed [be] the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, which according to his abundant mercy hath begotten us again unto a lively hope by the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead, ... To an inheritance incorruptible, and undefiled, and that fadeth not away, reserved in heaven for you,

conversation:
Gr.
Isaiah 26:1-2 In that day shall this song be sung in the land of Judah; We have a strong city; salvation will [God] appoint [for] walls and bulwarks. ... Open ye the gates, that the righteous nation which keepeth the truth may enter in.
Galatians 4:26 But Jerusalem which is above is free, which is the mother of us all.
Ephesians 2:19 Now therefore ye are no more strangers and foreigners, but fellowcitizens with the saints, and of the household of God;
Hebrews 12:22 But ye are come unto mount Sion, and unto the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to an innumerable company of angels,
Revelation 21:10-27 And he carried me away in the spirit to a great and high mountain, and shewed me that great city, the holy Jerusalem, descending out of heaven from God, ... And there shall in no wise enter into it any thing that defileth, neither [whatsoever] worketh abomination, or [maketh] a lie: but they which are written in the Lamb's book of life.

from:

Acts 1:11 Which also said, Ye men of Galilee, why stand ye gazing up into heaven? this same Jesus, which is taken up from you into heaven, shall so come in like manner as ye have seen him go into heaven.
1 Thessalonians 4:16 For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of God: and the dead in Christ shall rise first:
2 Thessalonians 1:7-8 And to you who are troubled rest with us, when the Lord Jesus shall be revealed from heaven with his mighty angels, ... In flaming fire taking vengeance on them that know not God, and that obey not the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ:
Revelation 1:7 Behold, he cometh with clouds; and every eye shall see him, and they [also] which pierced him: and all kindreds of the earth shall wail because of him. Even so, Amen.

we look:

Philippians 1:10 That ye may approve things that are excellent; that ye may be sincere and without offence till the day of Christ;
1 Corinthians 1:7 So that ye come behind in no gift; waiting for the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ:
1 Thessalonians 1:10 And to wait for his Son from heaven, whom he raised from the dead, [even] Jesus, which delivered us from the wrath to come.
2 Timothy 4:8 Henceforth there is laid up for me a crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous judge, shall give me at that day: and not to me only, but unto all them also that love his appearing.
Titus 2:13 Looking for that blessed hope, and the glorious appearing of the great God and our Saviour Jesus Christ;
Hebrews 9:28 So Christ was once offered to bear the sins of many; and unto them that look for him shall he appear the second time without sin unto salvation.
2 Peter 3:12-14 Looking for and hasting unto the coming of the day of God, wherein the heavens being on fire shall be dissolved, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat? ... Wherefore, beloved, seeing that ye look for such things, be diligent that ye may be found of him in peace, without spot, and blameless.
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Ps 16:11; 17:15; 73:24. Pv 15:24. Is 26:1. Mt 6:19; 19:21. Lk 12:21, 32; 14:14. Ac 1:11. 1Co 1:7. 2Co 4:18; 5:1, 8. Ga 4:26. Ep 2:6, 19. Php 1:10, 18. Col 1:5; 3:1. 1Th 1:10; 4:16. 2Th 1:7. 2Ti 4:8. Tit 2:13. He 9:28; 10:34; 12:22. 1P 1:3. 2P 3:12. Rv 1:7; 21:10.

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