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Philippians 3:19 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— whose end is perdition, whose god is the belly, and [whose] glory is in their shame, who mind earthly things.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Whose end [is] destruction, whose God [is their] belly, and [whose] glory [is] in their shame, who mind earthly things.)
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— whose end is destruction, whose god is [their] appetite, and [whose] glory is in their shame, who set their minds on earthly things.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Whose end [is] destruction, whose God [is their] belly, and [whose] glory [is] in their shame, who mind earthly things.)
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— whose end [is] destruction, whose god [is] the belly, and [their] glory in their shame, who mind earthly things:)
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Whose, end, is destruction, whose, God, is the belly, and [whose], glory, is in their shame, who, upon the earthly things, are resolved.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— whose end [is] destruction, whose god [is] the belly, and whose glory [is] in their shame, who the things on earth are minding.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Whose end is destruction: whose God is their belly: and whose glory is in their shame: who mind earthly things.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Whose end [is] destruction, whose God is their belly, and whose glorie is in their shame, who minde earthly things.)
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— they, whose end is perdition, whose god is their belly, and whose glory is their shame; they, whose mind is in the earth.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— whose end is destruction; whose god is their belly, and their glory their shame; whose thoughts are on things of the earth.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Whose 3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
end 5056
{5056} Prime
τέλος
telos
{tel'-os}
From a primary word τέλλω [[tello]] (to set out for a definite point or goal); properly the point aimed at as a limit, that is, (by implication) the conclusion of an act or state (termination [literally, figuratively or indefinitely], result [immediate, ultimate or prophetic], purpose); specifically an impost or levy (as paid).
[is] destruction, 684
{0684} Prime
ἀπώλεια
apoleia
{ap-o'-li-a}
From a presumed derivative of G0622; ruin or loss (physical, spiritual or eternal).
whose 3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
God y2316
[2316] Standard
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
x2318
(2318) Complement
θεοσεβής
theosebes
{theh-os-eb-ace'}
From G2316 and G4576; reverent of God, that is, pious.
[is their] belly, 2836
{2836} Prime
κοιλία
koilia
{koy-lee'-ah}
From κοῖλος [[koilos]] ('hollow'); a cavity, that is, (specifically) the abdomen; by implication the matrix; figuratively the heart.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
[whose] glory 1391
{1391} Prime
δόξα
doxa
{dox'-ah}
From the base of G1380; glory (as very apparent), in a wide application (literally or figuratively, objectively or subjectively).
[is] in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
their 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
shame, 152
{0152} Prime
αἰσχύνη
aischune
{ahee-skhoo'-nay}
From G0153; shame or disgrace (abstractly or concretely).
who y3588
[3588] Standard

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
mind 5426
{5426} Prime
φρονέω
phroneo
{fron-eh'-o}
From G5424; to exercise the mind, that is, entertain or have a sentiment or opinion; by implication to be (mentally) disposed (more or less earnestly in a certain direction); intensively to interest oneself in (with concern or obedience).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
earthly things.) 1919
{1919} Prime
ἐπίγειος
epigeios
{ep-ig'-i-os}
From G1909 and G1093; worldly (physically or morally).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Philippians 3:19

_ _ destruction — everlasting at Christ’s coming. Philippians 1:28, “perdition”; the opposite word is “Savior” (Philippians 3:20).

_ _ end — fixed doom.

_ _ whose god is their belly — (Romans 16:18); hereafter to be destroyed by God (1 Corinthians 6:13). In contrast to our “body” (Philippians 3:21), which our God, the Lord Jesus, shall “fashion like unto His glorious body.” Their belly is now pampered, our body now wasted; then the respective states of both shall be reversed.

_ _ glory is in their shame — As “glory” is often used in the Old Testament for God (Psalms 106:20), so here it answers to “whose God,” in the parallel clause; and “shame” is the Old Testament term contemptuously given to an idol (Judges 6:32, Margin). Hosea 4:7 seems to be referred to by Paul (compare Romans 1:32). There seems no allusion to circumcision, as no longer glorious, but a shame to them (Philippians 3:2). The reference of the immediate context is to sensuality, and carnality in general.

_ _ mind earthly things — (Romans 8:5). In contrast to Philippians 3:20; Colossians 3:2.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Philippians 3:17-21.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Philippians 3:19

Whose end is destruction — This is placed in the front, that what follows may be read with the greater horror. Whose god is their belly — Whose supreme happiness lies in gratifying their sensual appetites. Who mind — Relish, desire, seek, earthly things.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Philippians 3:19

Whose (n) end [is] destruction, whose God [is their] belly, and [whose] (o) glory [is] in their shame, who mind earthly things.)

(n) Reward.

(o) Which they hunt after from men's hands.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
end:

Matthew 25:41 Then shall he say also unto them on the left hand, Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels:
Luke 12:45-46 But and if that servant say in his heart, My lord delayeth his coming; and shall begin to beat the menservants and maidens, and to eat and drink, and to be drunken; ... The lord of that servant will come in a day when he looketh not for [him], and at an hour when he is not aware, and will cut him in sunder, and will appoint him his portion with the unbelievers.
2 Corinthians 11:15 Therefore [it is] no great thing if his ministers also be transformed as the ministers of righteousness; whose end shall be according to their works.
2 Thessalonians 2:8 And then shall that Wicked be revealed, whom the Lord shall consume with the spirit of his mouth, and shall destroy with the brightness of his coming:
2 Thessalonians 2:12 That they all might be damned who believed not the truth, but had pleasure in unrighteousness.
Hebrews 6:6-8 If they shall fall away, to renew them again unto repentance; seeing they crucify to themselves the Son of God afresh, and put [him] to an open shame. ... But that which beareth thorns and briers [is] rejected, and [is] nigh unto cursing; whose end [is] to be burned.
2 Peter 2:1 But there were false prophets also among the people, even as there shall be false teachers among you, who privily shall bring in damnable heresies, even denying the Lord that bought them, and bring upon themselves swift destruction.
2 Peter 2:3 And through covetousness shall they with feigned words make merchandise of you: whose judgment now of a long time lingereth not, and their damnation slumbereth not.
2 Peter 2:17 These are wells without water, clouds that are carried with a tempest; to whom the mist of darkness is reserved for ever.
Jude 1:4 For there are certain men crept in unawares, who were before of old ordained to this condemnation, ungodly men, turning the grace of our God into lasciviousness, and denying the only Lord God, and our Lord Jesus Christ.
Jude 1:13 Raging waves of the sea, foaming out their own shame; wandering stars, to whom is reserved the blackness of darkness for ever.
Revelation 19:20 And the beast was taken, and with him the false prophet that wrought miracles before him, with which he deceived them that had received the mark of the beast, and them that worshipped his image. These both were cast alive into a lake of fire burning with brimstone.
Revelation 20:9-10 And they went up on the breadth of the earth, and compassed the camp of the saints about, and the beloved city: and fire came down from God out of heaven, and devoured them. ... And the devil that deceived them was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone, where the beast and the false prophet [are], and shall be tormented day and night for ever and ever.
Revelation 21:8 But the fearful, and unbelieving, and the abominable, and murderers, and whoremongers, and sorcerers, and idolaters, and all liars, shall have their part in the lake which burneth with fire and brimstone: which is the second death.
Revelation 22:15 For without [are] dogs, and sorcerers, and whoremongers, and murderers, and idolaters, and whosoever loveth and maketh a lie.

whose God:

Philippians 2:21 For all seek their own, not the things which are Jesus Christ's.
1 Samuel 2:11-16 And Elkanah went to Ramah to his house. And the child did minister unto the LORD before Eli the priest. ... And [if] any man said unto him, Let them not fail to burn the fat presently, and [then] take [as much] as thy soul desireth; then he would answer him, [Nay]; but thou shalt give [it me] now: and if not, I will take [it] by force.
1 Samuel 2:29 Wherefore kick ye at my sacrifice and at mine offering, which I have commanded [in my] habitation; and honourest thy sons above me, to make yourselves fat with the chiefest of all the offerings of Israel my people?
Isaiah 56:10-12 His watchmen [are] blind: they are all ignorant, they [are] all dumb dogs, they cannot bark; sleeping, lying down, loving to slumber. ... Come ye, [say they], I will fetch wine, and we will fill ourselves with strong drink; and to morrow shall be as this day, [and] much more abundant.
Ezekiel 13:19 And will ye pollute me among my people for handfuls of barley and for pieces of bread, to slay the souls that should not die, and to save the souls alive that should not live, by your lying to my people that hear [your] lies?
Ezekiel 34:3 Ye eat the fat, and ye clothe you with the wool, ye kill them that are fed: [but] ye feed not the flock.
Micah 3:5 Thus saith the LORD concerning the prophets that make my people err, that bite with their teeth, and cry, Peace; and he that putteth not into their mouths, they even prepare war against him.
Micah 3:11 The heads thereof judge for reward, and the priests thereof teach for hire, and the prophets thereof divine for money: yet will they lean upon the LORD, and say, [Is] not the LORD among us? none evil can come upon us.
Malachi 1:12 But ye have profaned it, in that ye say, The table of the LORD [is] polluted; and the fruit thereof, [even] his meat, [is] contemptible.
Luke 12:19 And I will say to my soul, Soul, thou hast much goods laid up for many years; take thine ease, eat, drink, [and] be merry.
Luke 16:19 There was a certain rich man, which was clothed in purple and fine linen, and fared sumptuously every day:
Romans 16:18 For they that are such serve not our Lord Jesus Christ, but their own belly; and by good words and fair speeches deceive the hearts of the simple.
1 Timothy 6:5 Perverse disputings of men of corrupt minds, and destitute of the truth, supposing that gain is godliness: from such withdraw thyself.
2 Timothy 3:4 Traitors, heady, highminded, lovers of pleasures more than lovers of God;
Titus 1:11-12 Whose mouths must be stopped, who subvert whole houses, teaching things which they ought not, for filthy lucre's sake. ... One of themselves, [even] a prophet of their own, said, The Cretians [are] alway liars, evil beasts, slow bellies.
2 Peter 2:13 And shall receive the reward of unrighteousness, [as] they that count it pleasure to riot in the day time. Spots [they are] and blemishes, sporting themselves with their own deceivings while they feast with you;
Jude 1:12 These are spots in your feasts of charity, when they feast with you, feeding themselves without fear: clouds [they are] without water, carried about of winds; trees whose fruit withereth, without fruit, twice dead, plucked up by the roots;

whose glory:

Psalms 52:1 [[To the chief Musician, Maschil, [A Psalm] of David, when Doeg the Edomite came and told Saul, and said unto him, David is come to the house of Ahimelech.]] Why boastest thou thyself in mischief, O mighty man? the goodness of God [endureth] continually.
Hosea 4:7 As they were increased, so they sinned against me: [therefore] will I change their glory into shame.
Habakkuk 2:15-16 Woe unto him that giveth his neighbour drink, that puttest thy bottle to [him], and makest [him] drunken also, that thou mayest look on their nakedness! ... Thou art filled with shame for glory: drink thou also, and let thy foreskin be uncovered: the cup of the LORD'S right hand shall be turned unto thee, and shameful spewing [shall be] on thy glory.
Luke 18:4 And he would not for a while: but afterward he said within himself, Though I fear not God, nor regard man;
1 Corinthians 5:2 And ye are puffed up, and have not rather mourned, that he that hath done this deed might be taken away from among you.
1 Corinthians 5:6 Your glorying [is] not good. Know ye not that a little leaven leaveneth the whole lump?
2 Corinthians 11:12 But what I do, that I will do, that I may cut off occasion from them which desire occasion; that wherein they glory, they may be found even as we.
Galatians 6:13 For neither they themselves who are circumcised keep the law; but desire to have you circumcised, that they may glory in your flesh.
James 4:16 But now ye rejoice in your boastings: all such rejoicing is evil.
2 Peter 2:18-19 For when they speak great swelling [words] of vanity, they allure through the lusts of the flesh, [through much] wantonness, those that were clean escaped from them who live in error. ... While they promise them liberty, they themselves are the servants of corruption: for of whom a man is overcome, of the same is he brought in bondage.
Jude 1:13 Raging waves of the sea, foaming out their own shame; wandering stars, to whom is reserved the blackness of darkness for ever.
Jude 1:16 These are murmurers, complainers, walking after their own lusts; and their mouth speaketh great swelling [words], having men's persons in admiration because of advantage.
Revelation 18:7 How much she hath glorified herself, and lived deliciously, so much torment and sorrow give her: for she saith in her heart, I sit a queen, and am no widow, and shall see no sorrow.

who:

Psalms 4:6-7 [There be] many that say, Who will shew us [any] good? LORD, lift thou up the light of thy countenance upon us. ... Thou hast put gladness in my heart, more than in the time [that] their corn and their wine increased.
Psalms 17:14 From men [which are] thy hand, O LORD, from men of the world, [which have] their portion in [this] life, and whose belly thou fillest with thy hid [treasure]: they are full of children, and leave the rest of their [substance] to their babes.
Matthew 16:23 But he turned, and said unto Peter, Get thee behind me, Satan: thou art an offence unto me: for thou savourest not the things that be of God, but those that be of men.
Romans 8:5-7 For they that are after the flesh do mind the things of the flesh; but they that are after the Spirit the things of the Spirit. ... Because the carnal mind [is] enmity against God: for it is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be.
1 Corinthians 3:3 For ye are yet carnal: for whereas [there is] among you envying, and strife, and divisions, are ye not carnal, and walk as men?
2 Peter 2:3 And through covetousness shall they with feigned words make merchandise of you: whose judgment now of a long time lingereth not, and their damnation slumbereth not.
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1S 2:11, 29. Ps 4:6; 17:14; 52:1. Is 56:10. Ezk 13:19; 34:3. Ho 4:7. Mi 3:5, 11. Hab 2:15. Mal 1:12. Mt 16:23; 25:41. Lk 12:19, 45; 16:19; 18:4. Ro 8:5; 16:18. 1Co 3:3; 5:2, 6. 2Co 11:12, 15. Ga 6:13. Php 2:21. 2Th 2:8, 12. 1Ti 6:5. 2Ti 3:4. Tit 1:11. He 6:6. Jm 4:16. 2P 2:1, 3, 13, 17, 18. Jde 1:4, 12, 13, 16. Rv 18:7; 19:20; 20:9; 21:8; 22:15.

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