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Philippians 3:18 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For many walk, of whom I told you often, and now tell you even weeping, [that they are] the enemies of the cross of Christ:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— (For many walk, of whom I have told you often, and now tell you even weeping, [that they are] the enemies of the cross of Christ:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For many walk, of whom I often told you, and now tell you even weeping, [that they are] enemies of the cross of Christ,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— (For many walk, of whom I have told you often, and now tell you even weeping, [that they are] the enemies of the cross of Christ:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— (for many walk of whom I have told you often, and now tell you even weeping, that they [are] the enemies of the cross of Christ:
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For, many, are walking—of whom I have often been telling you, and, now, even weeping, am telling,—the enemies of the cross of the Christ;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for many walk of whom many times I told you—and now also weeping tell—the enemies of the cross of the Christ!
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For many walk, of whom I have told you often (and now tell you weeping) that they are enemies of the cross of Christ:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— (For many walke, of whome I haue told you often, and now tell you euen weeping, [that they are] the enemies of the crosse of Christ:
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— For there are many who walk otherwise, of whom many times I have told you, but now weeping I tell you, they are adversaries of the cross of the Meshiha;
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— For there are many who walk otherwise; of whom I have often told you, and I now tell you, with weeping, that they are adversaries of the cross of the Messiah;

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
(For 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
many 4183
{4183} Prime
πολύς
polus
{pol-oos'}
Including the forms from the alternate 'pollos'; (singular) much (in any respect) or (plural) many; neuter (singular) as adverb largely; neuter (plural) as adverb or noun often, mostly, largely.
walk, 4043
{4043} Prime
περιπατέω
peripateo
{per-ee-pat-eh'-o}
From G4012 and G3961; to tread all around, that is, walk at large (especially as proof of ability); figuratively to live, deport oneself, follow (as a companion or votary).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
of whom 3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
I have told 3004
{3004} Prime
λέγω
lego
{leg'-o}
A primary verb; properly to 'lay' forth, that is, (figuratively) relate (in words [usually of systematic or set discourse; whereas G2036 and G5346 generally refer to an individual expression or speech respectively; while G4483 is properly to break silence merely, and G2980 means an extended or random harangue]); by implication to mean.
z5707
<5707> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 855
you 5213
{5213} Prime
ὑμῖν
humin
{hoo-min'}
Irregular dative case of G5210; to (with or by) you.
often, 4178
{4178} Prime
πολλάκις
pollakis
{pol-lak'-is}
Multiplicative adverb from G4183; many times, that is, frequently.
and 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
now 3568
{3568} Prime
νῦν
nun
{noon}
A primary particle of present time; 'now' (as adverb of date, a transition or emphasis); also as noun or adjective present or immediate.
tell 3004
{3004} Prime
λέγω
lego
{leg'-o}
A primary verb; properly to 'lay' forth, that is, (figuratively) relate (in words [usually of systematic or set discourse; whereas G2036 and G5346 generally refer to an individual expression or speech respectively; while G4483 is properly to break silence merely, and G2980 means an extended or random harangue]); by implication to mean.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
you even 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
weeping, 2799
{2799} Prime
κλαίω
klaio
{klah'-yo}
Of uncertain affinity; to sob, that is, wail aloud (whereas G1145 is rather to cry silently).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
[that they are] the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
enemies 2190
{2190} Prime
ἐχθρός
echthros
{ech-thros'}
From a primary word ἔχθω [[echtho]] (to hate); hateful (passively odious, or actively hostile); usually as a noun, an adversary (especially Satan).
of the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
cross 4716
{4716} Prime
σταυρός
stauros
{stow-ros'}
From the base of G2476; a stake or post (as set upright), that is, (specifically) a pole or cross (as an instrument of capital punishment); figuratively exposure to death, that is, self denial; by implication the atonement of Christ.
of Christ: 5547
{5547} Prime
Χριστός
Christos
{khris-tos'}
From G5548; anointed, that is, the Messiah, an epithet of Jesus.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Philippians 3:18

_ _ many walk — in such a manner. Follow not evildoers, because they are “many” (Exodus 23:2). Their numbers are rather a presumption against their being Christ’s “little flock” (Luke 12:32).

_ _ often — There is need of constant warning.

_ _ weeping — (Romans 9:2). A hard tone in speaking of the inconsistencies of professors is the very opposite of Paul’s spirit, and David’s (Psalms 119:136), and Jeremiah’s (Jeremiah 13:17). The Lord and His apostles, at the same time, speak more strongly against empty professors (as the Pharisees), than against open scoffers.

_ _ enemies of the cross of Christ — in their practice, not in doctrine (Galatians 6:14; Hebrews 6:6; Hebrews 10:29).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Philippians 3:17-21.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Philippians 3:18

Weeping — As he wrote. Enemies of the cross of Christ — Such are all cowardly, all shamefaced, all delicate Christians.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Philippians 3:18

(8) (For many walk, of whom I have told you often, and now tell you even weeping, [that they are] the enemies of the cross of Christ:

(8) He shows what the false apostles truly are, not from malice or ambition, but with sorrow and tears, that is, because being enemies of the Gospel (for that is joined with persecuting it) they regard nothing else, but the benefits of this life: that is to say, that abounding in peace, and quietness, and all worldly pleasures, they may live in great estimation among men, whose miserable end he forewarned them of.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
many:

Isaiah 8:11 For the LORD spake thus to me with a strong hand, and instructed me that I should not walk in the way of this people, saying,
Daniel 4:37 Now I Nebuchadnezzar praise and extol and honour the King of heaven, all whose works [are] truth, and his ways judgment: and those that walk in pride he is able to abase.
Galatians 2:14 But when I saw that they walked not uprightly according to the truth of the gospel, I said unto Peter before [them] all, If thou, being a Jew, livest after the manner of Gentiles, and not as do the Jews, why compellest thou the Gentiles to live as do the Jews?
Ephesians 4:17 This I say therefore, and testify in the Lord, that ye henceforth walk not as other Gentiles walk, in the vanity of their mind,
2 Thessalonians 3:11 For we hear that there are some which walk among you disorderly, working not at all, but are busybodies.
2 Peter 2:10 But chiefly them that walk after the flesh in the lust of uncleanness, and despise government. Presumptuous [are they], selfwilled, they are not afraid to speak evil of dignities.
Jude 1:13 Raging waves of the sea, foaming out their own shame; wandering stars, to whom is reserved the blackness of darkness for ever.

I have:

1 Corinthians 6:9 Know ye not that the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of God? Be not deceived: neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor abusers of themselves with mankind,
Galatians 5:21 Envyings, murders, drunkenness, revellings, and such like: of the which I tell you before, as I have also told [you] in time past, that they which do such things shall not inherit the kingdom of God.
Ephesians 5:5-6 For this ye know, that no whoremonger, nor unclean person, nor covetous man, who is an idolater, hath any inheritance in the kingdom of Christ and of God. ... Let no man deceive you with vain words: for because of these things cometh the wrath of God upon the children of disobedience.
1 Thessalonians 4:6 That no [man] go beyond and defraud his brother in [any] matter: because that the Lord [is] the avenger of all such, as we also have forewarned you and testified.

even:

Philippians 1:4 Always in every prayer of mine for you all making request with joy,
Psalms 119:136 Rivers of waters run down mine eyes, because they keep not thy law.
Jeremiah 9:1 Oh that my head were waters, and mine eyes a fountain of tears, that I might weep day and night for the slain of the daughter of my people!
Jeremiah 13:17 But if ye will not hear it, my soul shall weep in secret places for [your] pride; and mine eye shall weep sore, and run down with tears, because the LORD'S flock is carried away captive.
Luke 19:41 And when he was come near, he beheld the city, and wept over it,
Acts 20:19 Serving the Lord with all humility of mind, and with many tears, and temptations, which befell me by the lying in wait of the Jews:
Acts 20:30-31 Also of your own selves shall men arise, speaking perverse things, to draw away disciples after them. ... Therefore watch, and remember, that by the space of three years I ceased not to warn every one night and day with tears.
Romans 9:2 That I have great heaviness and continual sorrow in my heart.
2 Corinthians 2:4 For out of much affliction and anguish of heart I wrote unto you with many tears; not that ye should be grieved, but that ye might know the love which I have more abundantly unto you.
2 Corinthians 11:29 Who is weak, and I am not weak? who is offended, and I burn not?

enemies:

Philippians 1:15-16 Some indeed preach Christ even of envy and strife; and some also of good will: ... The one preach Christ of contention, not sincerely, supposing to add affliction to my bonds:
1 Corinthians 1:18 For the preaching of the cross is to them that perish foolishness; but unto us which are saved it is the power of God.
Galatians 1:7 Which is not another; but there be some that trouble you, and would pervert the gospel of Christ.
Galatians 2:21 I do not frustrate the grace of God: for if righteousness [come] by the law, then Christ is dead in vain.
Galatians 6:12 As many as desire to make a fair shew in the flesh, they constrain you to be circumcised; only lest they should suffer persecution for the cross of Christ.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 119:136. Is 8:11. Jr 9:1; 13:17. Dn 4:37. Lk 19:41. Ac 20:19, 30. Ro 9:2. 1Co 1:18; 6:9. 2Co 2:4; 11:29. Ga 1:7; 2:14, 21; 5:21; 6:12. Ep 4:17; 5:5. Php 1:4, 15. 1Th 4:6. 2Th 3:11. 2P 2:10. Jde 1:13.

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