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Philippians 3:17 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Brethren, be ye imitators together of me, and mark them that so walk even as ye have us for an ensample.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Brethren, be followers together of me, and mark them which walk so as ye have us for an ensample.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Brethren, join in following my example, and observe those who walk according to the pattern you have in us.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Brethren, be followers together of me, and mark them who walk so as ye have us for an example.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Be imitators [all] together of me, brethren, and fix your eyes on those walking thus as you have us for a model;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Imitators together of me, become ye, brethren, and keep an eye on them who, thus, are walking,—even as ye have, us, for, an ensample.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— become followers together of me, brethren, and observe those thus walking, according as ye have us—a pattern;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Be ye followers of me, brethren: and observe them who walk so as you have our model.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Brethren, be followers together of me, and marke them which walke so, as ye haue vs for an ensample.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Be like me, my brethren, and consider them who so walk according to the pattern you have seen in us.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Be like me, my brethren; and contemplate them, who walk after the pattern ye have seen in us.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Brethren, 80
{0080} Prime
ἀδελφός
adelphos
{ad-el-fos'}
From G0001 (as a connective particle) and δελφύς [[delphus]] (the womb); a brother (literally or figuratively) near or remote (much like [H0001]).
be 1096
{1096} Prime
γίνομαι
ginomai
{ghin'-om-ahee}
A prolonged and middle form of a primary verb; to cause to be ('gen' -erate), that is, (reflexively) to become (come into being), used with great latitude (literally, figuratively, intensively, etc.).
z5737
<5737> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 152
followers together 4831
{4831} Prime
συμμιμητής
summimetes
{soom-mim-ay-tace'}
From a presumed compound of G4862 and G3401; a co-imitator, that is, fellow votary.
of me, 3450
{3450} Prime
μοῦ
mou
{moo}
The simpler from of G1700; of me.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
mark 4648
{4648} Prime
σκοπέω
skopeo
{skop-eh'-o}
From G4649; to take aim at (spy), that is, (figuratively) regard.
z5720
<5720> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 592
them which walk 4043
{4043} Prime
περιπατέω
peripateo
{per-ee-pat-eh'-o}
From G4012 and G3961; to tread all around, that is, walk at large (especially as proof of ability); figuratively to live, deport oneself, follow (as a companion or votary).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
so 3779
{3779} Prime
οὕτω
houto
{hoo'-to}
From G3778; in this way (referring to what precedes or follows).
as 2531
{2531} Prime
καθώς
kathos
{kath-oce'}
From G2596 and G5613; just (or inasmuch) as, that.
ye have 2192
{2192} Prime
ἔχω
echo
{ekh'-o}
A primary verb (including an alternate form σχέω [[scheo]], {skheh'-o}; used in certain tenses only); to hold (used in very various applications, literally or figuratively, direct or remote; such as possession, ability, contiguity, relation or condition).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
us 2248
{2248} Prime
ἡμᾶς
hemas
{hay-mas'}
Accusative plural of G1473; us.
for an ensample. 5179
{5179} Prime
τύπος
tupos
{too'-pos}
From G5180; a die (as struck), that is, (by implication) a stamp or scar; by analogy a shape, that is, a statue, (figuratively) style or resemblance; specifically a sampler ('type'), that is, a model (for imitation) or instance (for warning).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Philippians 3:17

_ _ followersGreek, “imitators together.”

_ _ of me — as I am an imitator of Christ (1 Corinthians 11:1): Imitate me no farther than as I imitate Christ. Or as Bengel “My fellow imitators of God” or “Christ”; “imitators of Christ together with me” (see on Philippians 2:22; Ephesians 5:1).

_ _ mark — for imitation.

_ _ which walk so as ye have us for an ensample — In English Version of the former clause, the translation of this clause is, “those who are walking so as ye have an example in us.” But in Bengel’s translation, “inasmuch as,” or “since,” instead of “as.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Philippians 3:17-21

_ _ He closes the chapter with warnings and exhortations.

_ _ I. He warns them against following the examples of seducers and evil teachers (Philippians 3:18, Philippians 3:19): Many walk, of whom I have told you often, and now tell you weeping, that they are the enemies of the cross of Christ. Observe,

_ _ 1. There are many called by Christ's name who are enemies to Christ's cross, and the design and intention of it. Their walk is a surer evidence what they are than their profession. By their fruits you shall know them, Matthew 7:20. The apostle warns people against such, (1.) Very frequently: I have told you often. We so little heed the warnings given us that we have need to have them repeated. To write the same things is safe, Philippians 3:1. (2.) Feelingly and affectionately: I now tell you weeping. Paul was upon proper occasions a weeping preacher, as Jeremiah was a weeping prophet. Observe, An old sermon may be preached with new affections; what we say often we may say again, if we say it affectionately, and are ourselves under the power of it.

_ _ 2. He gives us the characters of those who were the enemies of the cross of Christ. (1.) Whose God is their belly. They minded nothing but their sensual appetites. A wretched idol it is, and a scandal for any, but especially for Christians, to sacrifice the favour of God, the peace of their conscience, and their eternal happiness to it. Gluttons and drunkards make a god of their belly, and all their care is to please it and make provision for it. The same observance which good people give to God epicures give to their appetites. Of such he says, They serve not the Lord Jesus Christ, but their own bellies, Romans 16:18. (2.) They glory in their shame. They not only sinned, but boasted of it and gloried in that of which they ought to have been ashamed. Sin is the sinner's shame, especially when it is gloried in. “They value themselves for what is their blemish and reproach.” (3.) They mind earthly things. Christ came by his cross to crucify the world to us and us to the world; and those who mind earthly things act directly contrary to the cross of Christ, and this great design of it. They relish earthly things, and have no relish of the things which are spiritual and heavenly. They set their hearts and affections on earthly things; they love them, and even dote upon them, and have a confidence and complacency in them. He gives them this character, to show how absurd it would be for Christians to follow the example of such or be led away by them; and, to deter us all from so doing, he reads their doom. (4.) Whose end is destruction. Their way seems pleasant, but death and hell are at the end of it. What fruit had you then in those things whereof you are now ashamed? For the end of those things is death, Romans 6:21. It is dangerous following them, though it is going down the stream; for, if we choose their way, we have reason to fear their end. Perhaps he alludes to the total destruction of the Jewish nation.

_ _ II. He proposes himself and his brethren for an example, in opposition to these evil examples: Brethren, be followers together of me, and mark those who walk as you have us for an example, Philippians 3:17. Mark them out for your pattern. He explains himself (Philippians 3:20) by their regard to Christ and heaven: For our conversation is in heaven. Observe, Good Christians, even while they are here on earth, have their conversation in heaven. Their citizenship is there, politeuma. As if he had said, We stand related the that world, and are citizens of the New Jerusalem. This world is not our home, but that is. There our greatest privileges and concerns lie. And, because our citizenship is there, our conversation is there; being related to that world, we keep up a correspondence with it. The life of a Christian is in heaven, where his head is, and his home is, and where he hopes to be shortly; he sets his affections upon things above; and where his heart is there will his conversation be. The apostle had pressed them to follow him and other ministers of Christ: “Why,” might they say, “you are a company of poor, despised, persecuted people, who make no figure, and pretend to no advantages in the world; who will follow you?” “Nay,” says he, “but our conversation is in heaven. We have a near relation and a great pretension to the other world, and are not so mean and despicable as we are represented.” It is good having fellowship with those who have fellowship with Christ, and conversation with those whose conversation is in heaven.

_ _ 1. Because we look for the Saviour from heaven (Philippians 3:20): Whence also we look for the Saviour, the Lord Jesus Christ. He is not here, he has ascended, he has entered within the veil for us; and we expect his second coming thence, to gather in all the citizens of that New Jerusalem to himself.

_ _ 2. Because at the second coming of Christ we expect to be happy and glorified there. There is good reason to have our conversation in heaven, not only because Christ is now there, but because we hope to be there shortly: Who shall change our vile bodies, that they may be fashioned like unto his glorious body, Philippians 3:21. There is a glory reserved for the bodies of the saints, which they will be instated in at the resurrection. The body is now at the best a vile body, to sma ts tapeinses hmnthe body of our humiliation: it has its rise and origin from the earth, it is supported out of the earth, and is subject to many diseases and to death at last. Besides, it is often the occasion and instrument of much sin, which is called the body of this death, Romans 7:24. Or it may be understood of its vileness when it lies in the grave; at the resurrection it will be found a vile body, resolved into rottenness and dust; the dust will return to the earth as it was, Ecclesiastes 12:7. But it will be made a glorious body; and not only raised again to life, but raised to great advantage. Observe, (1.) The sample of this change, and that is, the glorious body of Christ; when he was transfigured upon the mount, his face did shine as the sun, and his raiment was white as the light, Matthew 17:2. He went to heaven clothed with a body, that he might take possession of the inheritance in our nature, and be not only the first-born from the dead, but the first-born of the children of the resurrection. We shall be conformed to the image of his Son, that he may be the first-born among many brethren, Romans 8:29. (2.) The power by which this change will be wrought: According to the working whereby he is able even to subdue all things unto himself. There is an efficacy of power, an exceeding greatness of power, and the working of mighty power, Ephesians 1:19. It is matter of comfort to us that he can subdue all things to himself, and sooner or later will bring over all into his interest. And the resurrection will be wrought by this power. I will raise him up at the last day, John 6:44. Let this confirm our faith of the resurrection, that we not only have the scriptures, which assure us it shall be, but we know the power of God, which can effect it, Matthew 22:29. At Christ's resurrection was a glorious instance of the divine power, and therefore he is declared to be the Son of God with power, by the resurrection from the dead (Romans 1:4), so will our resurrection be: and his resurrection is a standing evidence, as well as pattern, of ours. And then all the enemies of the Redeemer's kingdom will be completely conquered. Not only he who had the power of death, that is, the devil (Hebrews 2:14), but the last enemy, shall be destroyed, that is, death, 1 Corinthians 15:26, shall be swallowed up in victory, 1 Corinthians 15:54.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Philippians 3:17

Mark them — For your imitation.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
be:

Philippians 4:9 Those things, which ye have both learned, and received, and heard, and seen in me, do: and the God of peace shall be with you.
1 Corinthians 4:16 Wherefore I beseech you, be ye followers of me.
1 Corinthians 10:32-33 Give none offence, neither to the Jews, nor to the Gentiles, nor to the church of God: ... Even as I please all [men] in all [things], not seeking mine own profit, but the [profit] of many, that they may be saved.
1 Corinthians 11:1 Be ye followers of me, even as I also [am] of Christ.
1 Thessalonians 1:6 And ye became followers of us, and of the Lord, having received the word in much affliction, with joy of the Holy Ghost:
1 Thessalonians 2:10-14 Ye [are] witnesses, and God [also], how holily and justly and unblameably we behaved ourselves among you that believe: ... For ye, brethren, became followers of the churches of God which in Judaea are in Christ Jesus: for ye also have suffered like things of your own countrymen, even as they [have] of the Jews:
2 Thessalonians 3:7 For yourselves know how ye ought to follow us: for we behaved not ourselves disorderly among you;
2 Thessalonians 3:9 Not because we have not power, but to make ourselves an ensample unto you to follow us.
1 Timothy 4:12 Let no man despise thy youth; but be thou an example of the believers, in word, in conversation, in charity, in spirit, in faith, in purity.
Hebrews 13:7 Remember them which have the rule over you, who have spoken unto you the word of God: whose faith follow, considering the end of [their] conversation.
1 Peter 5:3 Neither as being lords over [God's] heritage, but being ensamples to the flock.

and mark:

Psalms 37:37 Mark the perfect [man], and behold the upright: for the end of [that] man [is] peace.
Romans 16:17 Now I beseech you, brethren, mark them which cause divisions and offences contrary to the doctrine which ye have learned; and avoid them.
2 Thessalonians 3:14 And if any man obey not our word by this epistle, note that man, and have no company with him, that he may be ashamed.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 37:37. Ro 16:17. 1Co 4:16; 10:32; 11:1. Php 4:9. 1Th 1:6; 2:10. 2Th 3:7, 9, 14. 1Ti 4:12. He 13:7. 1P 5:3.

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