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Philippians 3:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— that I may know him, and the power of his resurrection, and the fellowship of his sufferings, becoming conformed unto his death;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— That I may know him, and the power of his resurrection, and the fellowship of his sufferings, being made conformable unto his death;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— that I may know Him and the power of His resurrection and the fellowship of His sufferings, being conformed to His death;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— That I may know him, and the power of his resurrection, and the fellowship of his sufferings, being made conformable to his death;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— to know him, and the power of his resurrection, and the fellowship of his sufferings, being conformed to his death,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— To get to know him, and the power of his resurrection and fellowship of his sufferings, becoming conformed unto his death,—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— to know him, and the power of his rising again, and the fellowship of his sufferings, being conformed to his death,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— That I may know him and the power of his resurrection and the fellowship of his sufferings: being made conformable to his death,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— That I may know him, and the power of his resurrection, and the fellowship of his sufferings, being made conformable vnto his death,
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— that in it I may know Jeshu, and the power of his resurrection, and have fellowship in his sufferings, and be conformed into his death,
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— that thereby I might know Jesus, and the efficacy of his resurrection; and might participate in his sufferings, and be assimilated to his death:

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
That I may know 1097
{1097} Prime
γινώσκω
ginosko
{ghin-oce'-ko}
A prolonged form of a primary verb; to 'know' (absolutely), in a great variety of applications and with many implications (as shown at left, with others not thus clearly expressed).
z5629
<5629> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 454
him, 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
power 1411
{1411} Prime
δύναμις
dunamis
{doo'-nam-is}
From G1410; force (literally or figuratively); specifically miraculous power (usually by implication a miracle itself).
of his 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
resurrection, 386
{0386} Prime
ἀνάστασις
anastasis
{an-as'-tas-is}
From G0450; a standing up again, that is, (literally) a resurrection from death (individual, general or by implication (its author)), or (figuratively) a (moral) recovery (of spiritual truth).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
fellowship 2842
{2842} Prime
κοινωνία
koinonia
{koy-nohn-ee'-ah}
From G2844; partnership, that is, (literally) participation, or (social) intercourse, or (pecuniary) benefaction.
of his 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
sufferings, 3804
{3804} Prime
πάθημα
pathema
{path'-ay-mah}
From a presumed derivative of G3806; something undergone, that is, hardship or pain; subjectively an emotion or influence.
being made conformable 4833
{4833} Prime
συμμορφόω
summorphoo
{soom-mor-fo'-o}
From G4832; to render like, that is, (figuratively) to assimilate.
z5746
<5746> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 360
unto his 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
death; 2288
{2288} Prime
θάνατος
thanatos
{than'-at-os}
From G2348; (properly an adjective used as a noun) death (literally or figuratively).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Philippians 3:10

_ _ That I may know him — experimentally. The aim of the “righteousness” just mentioned. This verse resumes, and more fully explains, “the excellency of the knowledge of Christ” (Philippians 3:8). To know HIM is more than merely to know a doctrine about Him. Believers are brought not only to redemption, but to the Redeemer Himself.

_ _ the power of his resurrection — assuring believers of their justification (Romans 4:25; 1 Corinthians 15:17), and raising them up spiritually with Him, by virtue of their identification with Him in this, as in all the acts of His redeeming work for us (Romans 6:4; Colossians 2:12; Colossians 3:1). The power of the Divine Spirit, which raised Him from literal death, is the same which raises believers from spiritual death now (Ephesians 1:19, Ephesians 1:20), and shall raise their bodies from literal death hereafter (Romans 8:11).

_ _ the fellowship of his sufferings — by identification with Him in His sufferings and death, by imputation; also, in actually bearing the cross whatever is laid on us, after His example, and so “filling up that which is behind of the afflictions of Christ” (Colossians 1:24); and in the will to bear aught for His sake (Matthew 10:38; Matthew 16:24; 2 Timothy 2:11). As He bore all our sufferings (Isaiah 53:4), so we participate in His.

_ _ made conformable unto his death — “conformed to the likeness of His death,” namely, by continued sufferings for His sake, and mortifying of the carnal self (Romans 8:29; 1 Corinthians 15:31; 2 Corinthians 4:10-12; Galatians 2:20).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Philippians 3:9-14.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Philippians 3:10

The knowledge of Christ, mentioned in Philippians 3:8, is here more largely explained. That I may know him — As my complete Saviour. And the power of his resurrection — Raising me from the death of sin, into all the life of love. And the fellowship of his sufferings — Being crucified with him. And made conformable to his death — So as to be dead to all things here below.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Philippians 3:10

(5) That I may (i) know him, and the power of his resurrection, and the (6) fellowship of his sufferings, being made conformable unto his death;

(5) This is the end of righteousness by faith with regard to us, that by the power of his resurrection we may escape from death.

(i) That I may indeed feel him, and have an experience of him. (6) The way to that eternal salvation is to follow Christ's steps by afflictions and persecutions, until we come to Christ himself, who is our mark at which we aim, and receive that reward to which God calls us in him. And the apostle sets these true exercises of godliness against those vain ceremonies of the Law, in which the false apostles put the sum of godliness.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
I:

Philippians 3:8 Yea doubtless, and I count all things [but] loss for the excellency of the knowledge of Christ Jesus my Lord: for whom I have suffered the loss of all things, and do count them [but] dung, that I may win Christ,
1 John 2:3 And hereby we do know that we know him, if we keep his commandments.
1 John 2:5 But whoso keepeth his word, in him verily is the love of God perfected: hereby know we that we are in him.

and the power:

John 5:21-29 For as the Father raiseth up the dead, and quickeneth [them]; even so the Son quickeneth whom he will. ... And shall come forth; they that have done good, unto the resurrection of life; and they that have done evil, unto the resurrection of damnation.
John 10:18 No man taketh it from me, but I lay it down of myself. I have power to lay it down, and I have power to take it again. This commandment have I received of my Father.
John 11:25-26 Jesus said unto her, I am the resurrection, and the life: he that believeth in me, though he were dead, yet shall he live: ... And whosoever liveth and believeth in me shall never die. Believest thou this?
Acts 2:31-38 He seeing this before spake of the resurrection of Christ, that his soul was not left in hell, neither his flesh did see corruption. ... Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost.
Romans 6:4-11 Therefore we are buried with him by baptism into death: that like as Christ was raised up from the dead by the glory of the Father, even so we also should walk in newness of life. ... Likewise reckon ye also yourselves to be dead indeed unto sin, but alive unto God through Jesus Christ our Lord.
Romans 8:10-11 And if Christ [be] in you, the body [is] dead because of sin; but the Spirit [is] life because of righteousness. ... But if the Spirit of him that raised up Jesus from the dead dwell in you, he that raised up Christ from the dead shall also quicken your mortal bodies by his Spirit that dwelleth in you.
1 Corinthians 15:21-23 For since by man [came] death, by man [came] also the resurrection of the dead. ... But every man in his own order: Christ the firstfruits; afterward they that are Christ's at his coming.
2 Corinthians 1:10 Who delivered us from so great a death, and doth deliver: in whom we trust that he will yet deliver [us];
2 Corinthians 4:10-13 Always bearing about in the body the dying of the Lord Jesus, that the life also of Jesus might be made manifest in our body. ... We having the same spirit of faith, according as it is written, I believed, and therefore have I spoken; we also believe, and therefore speak;
2 Corinthians 13:4 For though he was crucified through weakness, yet he liveth by the power of God. For we also are weak in him, but we shall live with him by the power of God toward you.
Ephesians 1:19-21 And what [is] the exceeding greatness of his power to us-ward who believe, according to the working of his mighty power, ... Far above all principality, and power, and might, and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this world, but also in that which is to come:
Colossians 2:13 And you, being dead in your sins and the uncircumcision of your flesh, hath he quickened together with him, having forgiven you all trespasses;
Colossians 3:1 If ye then be risen with Christ, seek those things which are above, where Christ sitteth on the right hand of God.
1 Thessalonians 4:14-15 For if we believe that Jesus died and rose again, even so them also which sleep in Jesus will God bring with him. ... For this we say unto you by the word of the Lord, that we which are alive [and] remain unto the coming of the Lord shall not prevent them which are asleep.
1 Peter 1:3 Blessed [be] the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, which according to his abundant mercy hath begotten us again unto a lively hope by the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead,
1 Peter 4:1-2 Forasmuch then as Christ hath suffered for us in the flesh, arm yourselves likewise with the same mind: for he that hath suffered in the flesh hath ceased from sin; ... That he no longer should live the rest of [his] time in the flesh to the lusts of men, but to the will of God.
Revelation 1:18 I [am] he that liveth, and was dead; and, behold, I am alive for evermore, Amen; and have the keys of hell and of death.

and the fellowship:

Matthew 20:23 And he saith unto them, Ye shall drink indeed of my cup, and be baptized with the baptism that I am baptized with: but to sit on my right hand, and on my left, is not mine to give, but [it shall be given to them] for whom it is prepared of my Father.
Romans 6:3-5 Know ye not, that so many of us as were baptized into Jesus Christ were baptized into his death? ... For if we have been planted together in the likeness of his death, we shall be also [in the likeness] of [his] resurrection:
Romans 8:17 And if children, then heirs; heirs of God, and joint-heirs with Christ; if so be that we suffer with [him], that we may be also glorified together.
Romans 8:29 For whom he did foreknow, he also did predestinate [to be] conformed to the image of his Son, that he might be the firstborn among many brethren.
2 Corinthians 1:5 For as the sufferings of Christ abound in us, so our consolation also aboundeth by Christ.
Galatians 2:20 I am crucified with Christ: nevertheless I live; yet not I, but Christ liveth in me: and the life which I now live in the flesh I live by the faith of the Son of God, who loved me, and gave himself for me.
Colossians 1:24 Who now rejoice in my sufferings for you, and fill up that which is behind of the afflictions of Christ in my flesh for his body's sake, which is the church:
2 Timothy 2:11-12 [It is] a faithful saying: For if we be dead with [him], we shall also live with [him]: ... If we suffer, we shall also reign with [him]: if we deny [him], he also will deny us:
1 Peter 4:13-14 But rejoice, inasmuch as ye are partakers of Christ's sufferings; that, when his glory shall be revealed, ye may be glad also with exceeding joy. ... If ye be reproached for the name of Christ, happy [are ye]; for the spirit of glory and of God resteth upon you: on their part he is evil spoken of, but on your part he is glorified.
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Mt 20:23. Jn 5:21; 10:18; 11:25. Ac 2:31. Ro 6:3, 4; 8:10, 17, 29. 1Co 15:21. 2Co 1:5, 10; 4:10; 13:4. Ga 2:20. Ep 1:19. Php 3:8. Col 1:24; 2:13; 3:1. 1Th 4:14. 2Ti 2:11. 1P 1:3; 4:1, 13. 1Jn 2:3, 5. Rv 1:18.

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