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Philippians 2:17 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Yea, and if I am offered upon the sacrifice and service of your faith, I joy, and rejoice with you all:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Yea, and if I be offered upon the sacrifice and service of your faith, I joy, and rejoice with you all.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— But even if I am being poured out as a drink offering upon the sacrifice and service of your faith, I rejoice and share my joy with you all.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And if I am even offered upon the sacrifice and service of your faith, I joy, and rejoice with you all.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— But if also I am poured out as a libation on the sacrifice and ministration of your faith, I rejoice, and rejoice in common with you all.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Nay! if I am even to be poured out as a drink-offering, upon the sacrifice and public ministry of your faith, I rejoice, yea rejoice together with you all,—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— but if also I am poured forth upon the sacrifice and service of your faith, I rejoice and joy with you all,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Yea, and if I be made a victim upon the sacrifice and service of your faith, I rejoice and congratulate with you all.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Yea, and if I bee offered vpon the sacrifice and seruice of your faith, I ioy, and reioyce with you all.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— But, also, [if I should be] offered on the sacrifice and service of your faith, I am glad, and rejoice with you all;
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And if I should be made a libation upon the sacrifice and service of your faith, I rejoice and exult with you all.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Yea, 235
{0235} Prime
ἀλλά
alla
{al-lah'}
Neuter plural of G0243; properly other things, that is, (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations).
and if 1499
{1499} Prime
εἰ καί
ei kai
{i kahee}
From G1487 and G2532; if also (or even).
I be offered 4689
{4689} Prime
σπένδω
spendo
{spen'-do}
Apparently a primary verb; to pour out as a libation, that is, (figuratively) to devote (one's life or blood, as a sacrifice) ('spend').
z5743
<5743> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 271
upon 1909
{1909} Prime
ἐπί
epi
{ep-ee'}
A primary preposition properly meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.), as a relation of distribution [with the genitive case], that is, over, upon, etc.; of rest (with the dative case) at, on, etc.; of direction (with the accusative case) towards, upon, etc.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
sacrifice 2378
{2378} Prime
θυσία
thusia
{thoo-see'-ah}
From G2380; sacrifice (the act or the victim, literally or figuratively).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
service 3009
{3009} Prime
λειτουργία
leitourgia
{li-toorg-ee'-ah}
From G3008; public function (as priest ['liturgy'] or almsgiver).
of your 5216
{5216} Prime
ὑμῶν
humon
{hoo-mone'}
Genitive case of G5210; of (from or concerning) you.
faith, 4102
{4102} Prime
πίστις
pistis
{pis'-tis}
From G3982; persuasion, that is, credence; moral conviction (of religious truth, or the truthfulness of God or a religious teacher), especially reliance upon Christ for salvation; abstractly constancy in such profession; by extension the system of religious (Gospel) truth itself.
I joy, 5463
{5463} Prime
χαίρω
chairo
{khah'-ee-ro}
A primary verb; to be full of 'cheer', that is, calmly happy or well off; impersonal especially as a salutation (on meeting or parting), be well.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
rejoice with 4796
{4796} Prime
συγχαίρω
sugchairo
{soong-khah'-ee-ro}
From G4862 and G5463; to sympathize in gladness, congratulate.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
you 5213
{5213} Prime
ὑμῖν
humin
{hoo-min'}
Irregular dative case of G5210; to (with or by) you.
all. 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Philippians 2:17

_ _ Yea, and if — rather as Greek, “Yea, if even”; implying that he regarded the contingency as not unlikely: He had assumed the possibility of his being found alive at Christ’s coming (for in every age Christ designed Christians to stand in preparedness for His coming as at hand): he here puts a supposition which he regards as more likely, namely, his own death before Christ’s coming.

_ _ I be offered — rather as Greek, “I am poured out.” “I am made a libation.” Present, not future, as the danger is threatening him now. As in sacrifices libations of wine were “poured upon” the offerings, so he represents his Philippian converts, offered through faith (or else their faith itself), as the sacrifice, and his blood as the libation “poured upon” it (compare Romans 15:16; 2 Timothy 4:6).

_ _ serviceGreek, “priest’s ministration”; carrying out the image of a sacrifice.

_ _ I joy — for myself (Philippians 1:21, Philippians 1:23). His expectation of release from prison is much fainter, than in the Epistles to Ephesians, Colossians, and Philemon, written somewhat earlier from Rome. The appointment of Tigellinus to be Praetorian Prefect was probably the cause of this change. See on Introduction.

_ _ rejoice with you all — Alford translates, “I congratulate you all,” namely on the honor occurring to you by my blood being poured out on the sacrifice of your faith. If they rejoiced already (as English Version represents), what need of his urging them, “Do ye also joy.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Philippians 2:14-18.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Philippians 2:17

Here he begins to treat of the latter clause of Philippians 1:22. Yea, and if I be offered — Literally, If I be poured out. Upon the sacrifice of your faith — The Philippians, as the other converted heathens, were a sacrifice to God through St. Paul's ministry, Romans 15:16. And as in sacrificing, wine was poured at the foot of the altar, so he was willing that his blood should be poured out. The expression well agrees with that kind of martyrdom by which he was afterwards offered up to God.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Philippians 2:17

Yea, and if I be offered upon the (p) sacrifice and service of your faith, I joy, and rejoice with you all.

(p) As if he said, I brought you Philippians to Christ, and my desire is that you present yourselves a living sacrifice to him, and then it will not grieve me to be offered up as a drink offering, to accomplish this your spiritual offering.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
and if:

Philippians 2:30 Because for the work of Christ he was nigh unto death, not regarding his life, to supply your lack of service toward me.
Philippians 1:20 According to my earnest expectation and [my] hope, that in nothing I shall be ashamed, but [that] with all boldness, as always, [so] now also Christ shall be magnified in my body, whether [it be] by life, or by death.
Acts 20:24 But none of these things move me, neither count I my life dear unto myself, so that I might finish my course with joy, and the ministry, which I have received of the Lord Jesus, to testify the gospel of the grace of God.
Acts 21:13 Then Paul answered, What mean ye to weep and to break mine heart? for I am ready not to be bound only, but also to die at Jerusalem for the name of the Lord Jesus.
2 Corinthians 12:15 And I will very gladly spend and be spent for you; though the more abundantly I love you, the less I be loved.
1 Thessalonians 2:8 So being affectionately desirous of you, we were willing to have imparted unto you, not the gospel of God only, but also our own souls, because ye were dear unto us.
2 Timothy 4:6 For I am now ready to be offered, and the time of my departure is at hand.
1 John 3:16 Hereby perceive we the love [of God], because he laid down his life for us: and we ought to lay down [our] lives for the brethren.

offered:
Gr. poured forth

the sacrifice:

Philippians 4:18 But I have all, and abound: I am full, having received of Epaphroditus the things [which were sent] from you, an odour of a sweet smell, a sacrifice acceptable, wellpleasing to God.
Romans 12:1 I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, [which is] your reasonable service.
Romans 15:16 That I should be the minister of Jesus Christ to the Gentiles, ministering the gospel of God, that the offering up of the Gentiles might be acceptable, being sanctified by the Holy Ghost.
Hebrews 13:15-16 By him therefore let us offer the sacrifice of praise to God continually, that is, the fruit of [our] lips giving thanks to his name. ... But to do good and to communicate forget not: for with such sacrifices God is well pleased.
1 Peter 2:5 Ye also, as lively stones, are built up a spiritual house, an holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices, acceptable to God by Jesus Christ.

I joy:

2 Corinthians 7:4 Great [is] my boldness of speech toward you, great [is] my glorying of you: I am filled with comfort, I am exceeding joyful in all our tribulation.
Colossians 1:24 Who now rejoice in my sufferings for you, and fill up that which is behind of the afflictions of Christ in my flesh for his body's sake, which is the church:
1 Thessalonians 3:7-9 Therefore, brethren, we were comforted over you in all our affliction and distress by your faith: ... For what thanks can we render to God again for you, for all the joy wherewith we joy for your sakes before our God;
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ac 20:24; 21:13. Ro 12:1; 15:16. 2Co 7:4; 12:15. Php 1:20; 2:30; 4:18. Col 1:24. 1Th 2:8; 3:7. 2Ti 4:6. He 13:15. 1P 2:5. 1Jn 3:16.

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