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Philippians 2:16 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— holding forth the word of life; that I may have whereof to glory in the day of Christ, that I did not run in vain neither labor in vain.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Holding forth the word of life; that I may rejoice in the day of Christ, that I have not run in vain, neither laboured in vain.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— holding fast the word of life, so that in the day of Christ I will have reason to glory because I did not run in vain nor toil in vain.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Holding forth the word of life; that I may rejoice in the day of Christ, that I have not run in vain, neither labored in vain.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— holding forth [the] word of life, so as to be a boast for me in Christ's day, that I have not run in vain nor laboured in vain.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— A word of light, holding forth,—as a matter of boasting unto me, for the day of Christ,—that, not in vain, I ran, nor, in vain, I toiled:—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— the word of life holding forth, for rejoicing to me in regard to a day of Christ, that not in vain did I run, nor in vain did I labour;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Holding forth the word of life to my glory in the day of Christ: because I have not run in vain, nor laboured in vain.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Holding foorth the word of life, that I may reioyce in the day of Christ, that I haue not runne in vaine, neither laboured in vaine.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— to be unto them for a place of salvation, for my exultation in the day of the Meshiha, that I may not have run in vain, nor laboured to no purpose.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— so that ye may be to them in place of life; for my glory in the day of the Messiah, that I may not have run in vain or toiled for naught.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Holding forth 1907
{1907} Prime
ἐπέχω
epecho
{ep-ekh'-o}
From G1909 and G2192; to hold upon, that is, (by implication) to retain; (by extension) to detain; (with implication of G3563) to pay attention to.
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
the word 3056
{3056} Prime
λόγος
logos
{log'-os}
From G3004; something said (including the thought); by implication a topic (subject of discourse), also reasoning (the mental faculty) or motive; by extension a computation; specifically (with the article in John) the Divine Expression (that is, Christ).
of life; 2222
{2222} Prime
ζωή
zoe
{dzo-ay'}
From G2198; life (literally or figuratively).
that y1519
[1519] Standard
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
x3754
(3754) Complement
ὅτι
hoti
{hot'-ee}
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
I 1698
{1698} Prime
ἐμοί
emoi
{em-oy'}
A prolonged form of G3427; to me.
may rejoice 2745
{2745} Prime
καύχημα
kauchema
{kow'-khay-mah}
From G2744; a boast (properly the objective; by implication the act) in a good or bad sense.
x1519
(1519) Complement
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
in 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
the day 2250
{2250} Prime
ἡμέρα
hemera
{hay-mer'-ah}
Feminine (with G5610 implied) of a derivative of ἧμαι [[hemai]] (to sit; akin to the base of G1476) meaning tame, that is, gentle; day, that is, (literally) the time space between dawn and dark, or the whole 24 hours (but several days were usually reckoned by the Jews as inclusive of the parts of both extremes); figuratively a period (always defined more or less clearly by the context).
of Christ, 5547
{5547} Prime
Χριστός
Christos
{khris-tos'}
From G5548; anointed, that is, the Messiah, an epithet of Jesus.
that 3754
{3754} Prime
ὅτι
hoti
{hot'-ee}
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
I have y5143
[5143] Standard
τρέχω
trecho
{trekh'-o}
Apparently a primary verb (properly θρέχω [[threcho]]; compare G2359); which uses δρέμω [[dremo]], {drem'-o} (the base of G1408) as an alternate in certain tenses; to run or walk hastily (literally or figuratively).
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
run 5143
{5143} Prime
τρέχω
trecho
{trekh'-o}
Apparently a primary verb (properly θρέχω [[threcho]]; compare G2359); which uses δρέμω [[dremo]], {drem'-o} (the base of G1408) as an alternate in certain tenses; to run or walk hastily (literally or figuratively).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
in 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
vain, 2756
{2756} Prime
κενός
kenos
{ken-os'}
Apparently a primary word; empty (literally or figuratively).
neither 3761
{3761} Prime
οὐδέ
oude
{oo-deh'}
From G3756 and G1161; not however, that is, neither, nor, not even.
laboured 2872
{2872} Prime
κοπιάω
kopiao
{kop-ee-ah'-o}
From a derivative of G2873; to feel fatigue; by implication to work hard.
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
in 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
vain. 2756
{2756} Prime
κενός
kenos
{ken-os'}
Apparently a primary word; empty (literally or figuratively).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Philippians 2:16

_ _ Holding forth — to them, and so applying it (the common meaning of the Greek; perhaps here including also the other meaning, “holding fast”). The image of light-bearers or luminaries is carried on from Philippians 2:15. As the heavenly luminaries’ light is closely connected with the life of animals, so ye hold forth the light of Christ’s “word” (received from me) which is the “life” of the Gentiles (John 1:4; 1 John 1:1, 1 John 1:5-7). Christ is “the Light of the world” (John 8:12); believers are only “light-bearers” reflecting His light.

_ _ that I may rejoice in — literally, “with a view to (your being) a subject of rejoicing to me against the day of Christ” (Philippians 4:1; 2 Corinthians 1:14; 1 Thessalonians 2:19).

_ _ that I have not run in vain — that it was not in vain that I labored for your spiritual good.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Philippians 2:14-18.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Philippians 2:16

Holding forth the (o) word of life; (8) that I may rejoice in the day of Christ, that I have not run in vain, neither laboured in vain.

(o) The Gospel is called the word of life, because of the effects which it produces. (8) Again he urges them forward, setting before them his true apostolic care that he had for them: in addition comforting them to the end that they should not be sorry for the greatness of his afflictions, no, not even if he should die to make perfect their sacrifice with his blood, as it were with a drink offering.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Holding:

Philippians 1:27 Only let your conversation be as it becometh the gospel of Christ: that whether I come and see you, or else be absent, I may hear of your affairs, that ye stand fast in one spirit, with one mind striving together for the faith of the gospel;
Psalms 40:9 I have preached righteousness in the great congregation: lo, I have not refrained my lips, O LORD, thou knowest.
Psalms 71:17 O God, thou hast taught me from my youth: and hitherto have I declared thy wondrous works.
Matthew 10:27 What I tell you in darkness, [that] speak ye in light: and what ye hear in the ear, [that] preach ye upon the housetops.
Luke 12:8 Also I say unto you, Whosoever shall confess me before men, him shall the Son of man also confess before the angels of God:
Romans 10:8-16 But what saith it? The word is nigh thee, [even] in thy mouth, and in thy heart: that is, the word of faith, which we preach; ... But they have not all obeyed the gospel. For Esaias saith, Lord, who hath believed our report?
Revelation 22:17 And the Spirit and the bride say, Come. And let him that heareth say, Come. And let him that is athirst come. And whosoever will, let him take the water of life freely.

the word:

John 6:63 It is the spirit that quickeneth; the flesh profiteth nothing: the words that I speak unto you, [they] are spirit, and [they] are life.
John 6:68 Then Simon Peter answered him, Lord, to whom shall we go? thou hast the words of eternal life.
Acts 13:26 Men [and] brethren, children of the stock of Abraham, and whosoever among you feareth God, to you is the word of this salvation sent.
2 Timothy 2:15-17 Study to shew thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth. ... And their word will eat as doth a canker: of whom is Hymenaeus and Philetus;
Hebrews 4:12 For the word of God [is] quick, and powerful, and sharper than any twoedged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and [is] a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart.
1 Peter 1:23 Being born again, not of corruptible seed, but of incorruptible, by the word of God, which liveth and abideth for ever.
1 John 1:1 That which was from the beginning, which we have heard, which we have seen with our eyes, which we have looked upon, and our hands have handled, of the Word of life;

that I may:

Philippians 1:26 That your rejoicing may be more abundant in Jesus Christ for me by my coming to you again.
2 Corinthians 1:14 As also ye have acknowledged us in part, that we are your rejoicing, even as ye also [are] ours in the day of the Lord Jesus.
1 Thessalonians 2:19 For what [is] our hope, or joy, or crown of rejoicing? [Are] not even ye in the presence of our Lord Jesus Christ at his coming?

that I have:

Isaiah 49:4 Then I said, I have laboured in vain, I have spent my strength for nought, and in vain: [yet] surely my judgment [is] with the LORD, and my work with my God.
1 Corinthians 9:26 I therefore so run, not as uncertainly; so fight I, not as one that beateth the air:
Galatians 2:2 And I went up by revelation, and communicated unto them that gospel which I preach among the Gentiles, but privately to them which were of reputation, lest by any means I should run, or had run, in vain.
Galatians 4:11 I am afraid of you, lest I have bestowed upon you labour in vain.
1 Thessalonians 3:5 For this cause, when I could no longer forbear, I sent to know your faith, lest by some means the tempter have tempted you, and our labour be in vain.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 40:9; 71:17. Is 49:4. Mt 10:27. Lk 12:8. Jn 6:63, 68. Ac 13:26. Ro 10:8. 1Co 9:26. 2Co 1:14. Ga 2:2; 4:11. Php 1:26, 27. 1Th 2:19; 3:5. 2Ti 2:15. He 4:12. 1P 1:23. 1Jn 1:1. Rv 22:17.

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