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Philippians 2:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— that in the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of [things] in heaven and [things] on earth and [things] under the earth,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of [things] in heaven, and [things] in earth, and [things] under the earth;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— so that at the name of Jesus EVERY KNEE WILL BOW , of those who are in heaven and on earth and under the earth,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of [things] in heaven, and [things] on earth, and [things] under the earth;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of heavenly and earthly and infernal [beings],
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— In order that, in the name of Jesus, every knee might bow—of beings in heaven, and on earth, and underground,—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— that in the name of Jesus every knee may bow—of heavenlies, and earthlies, and what are under the earth—
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— That in the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of those that are in heaven, on earth, and under the earth:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— That at the Name of Iesus euery knee should bow, of [things] in heauen, and [things] in earth, and [things] vnder the earth:
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— that at the name of Jeshu every knee should kneel, of those in heaven, and on earth, and under the earth;
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of [beings] in heaven, and on earth, and under the earth;

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
That 2443
{2443} Prime
ἵνα
hina
{hin'-ah}
Probably from the same as the former part of G1438 (through the demonstrative idea; compare G3588); in order that (denoting the purpose or the result).
at 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
name 3686
{3686} Prime
ὄνομα
onoma
{on'-om-ah}
From a presumed derivative of the base of G1097 (compare G3685); a 'name' (literally or figuratively), (authority, character).
of Jesus 2424
{2424} Prime
Ἰησοῦς
Iesous
{ee-ay-sooce'}
Of Hebrew origin [H3091]; Jesus (that is, Jehoshua), the name of our Lord and two (three) other Israelites.
every 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
knee 1119
{1119} Prime
γόνυ
gonu
{gon-oo'}
Of uncertain affinity; the 'knee'.
should bow, 2578
{2578} Prime
κάμπτω
kampto
{kamp'-to}
Apparently a primary verb; to bend.
z5661
<5661> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 512
of [things] in heaven, 2032
{2032} Prime
ἐπουράνιος
epouranios
{ep-oo-ran'-ee-os}
From G1909 and G3772; above the sky.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
[things] in earth, 1919
{1919} Prime
ἐπίγειος
epigeios
{ep-ig'-i-os}
From G1909 and G1093; worldly (physically or morally).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
[things] under the earth; 2709
{2709} Prime
καταχθόνιος
katachthonios
{kat-akh-thon'-ee-os}
From G2596 and χθών [[chthon]] (the ground); subterranean, that is, infernal (belonging to the world of departed spirits).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Philippians 2:10

_ _ at the name — rather as Greek, “in the name.”

_ _ bow — rather, “bend,” in token of worship. Referring to Isaiah 45:23; quoted also in Romans 14:11. To worship “in the name of Jesus,” is to worship Jesus Himself (compare Philippians 2:11; Proverbs 18:10), or God in Christ (John 16:23; Ephesians 3:14). Compare “Whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord (that is, whosoever shall call on the Lord in His revealed character) shall be saved” (Romans 10:13; 1 Corinthians 1:2); “all that call upon the name of Jesus Christ our Lord” (compare 2 Timothy 2:22); “call on the Lord”; Acts 7:59, “calling upon ... and saying, Lord Jesus” (Acts 9:14, Acts 9:21; Acts 22:16).

_ _ of things in heaven — angels. They worship Him not only as God, but as the ascended God-man, “Jesus” (Ephesians 1:21; Hebrews 1:6; 1 Peter 3:22).

_ _ in earth — men; among whom He tabernacled for a time.

_ _ under the earth — the dead; among whom He was numbered once (Romans 14:9, Romans 14:11; Ephesians 4:9, Ephesians 4:10; Revelation 5:13). The demons and the lost may be included indirectly, as even they give homage, though one of fear, not love, to Jesus (Mark 3:11; Luke 8:31; James 2:19, see on Philippians 2:11).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Philippians 2:1-11.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Philippians 2:10

That every knee — That divine honour might be paid in every possible manner by every creature. Might bow — Either with love or trembling. Of those in heaven, earth, under the earth — That is, through the whole universe.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Philippians 2:10

That at the name of Jesus (k) every knee should bow, of [things] in heaven, and [things] in earth, and [things] under the earth;

(k) All creatures will at length be subject to Christ.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
every:

Genesis 41:43 And he made him to ride in the second chariot which he had; and they cried before him, Bow the knee: and he made him [ruler] over all the land of Egypt.
Isaiah 45:23-25 I have sworn by myself, the word is gone out of my mouth [in] righteousness, and shall not return, That unto me every knee shall bow, every tongue shall swear. ... In the LORD shall all the seed of Israel be justified, and shall glory.
Matthew 27:29 And when they had platted a crown of thorns, they put [it] upon his head, and a reed in his right hand: and they bowed the knee before him, and mocked him, saying, Hail, King of the Jews!
Matthew 28:18 And Jesus came and spake unto them, saying, All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth.
Romans 11:4 But what saith the answer of God unto him? I have reserved to myself seven thousand men, who have not bowed the knee to [the image of] Baal.
Romans 14:10-11 But why dost thou judge thy brother? or why dost thou set at nought thy brother? for we shall all stand before the judgment seat of Christ. ... For it is written, [As] I live, saith the Lord, every knee shall bow to me, and every tongue shall confess to God.
Ephesians 3:14 For this cause I bow my knees unto the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ,
Hebrews 1:6 And again, when he bringeth in the firstbegotten into the world, he saith, And let all the angels of God worship him.
Revelation 4:10 The four and twenty elders fall down before him that sat on the throne, and worship him that liveth for ever and ever, and cast their crowns before the throne, saying,
Revelation 5:13-14 And every creature which is in heaven, and on the earth, and under the earth, and such as are in the sea, and all that are in them, heard I saying, Blessing, and honour, and glory, and power, [be] unto him that sitteth upon the throne, and unto the Lamb for ever and ever. ... And the four beasts said, Amen. And the four [and] twenty elders fell down and worshipped him that liveth for ever and ever.

under:

Matthew 12:40 For as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale's belly; so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.
John 5:28-29 Marvel not at this: for the hour is coming, in the which all that are in the graves shall hear his voice, ... And shall come forth; they that have done good, unto the resurrection of life; and they that have done evil, unto the resurrection of damnation.
Ephesians 4:9 (Now that he ascended, what is it but that he also descended first into the lower parts of the earth?
Revelation 20:13 And the sea gave up the dead which were in it; and death and hell delivered up the dead which were in them: and they were judged every man according to their works.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 41:43. Is 45:23. Mt 12:40; 27:29; 28:18. Jn 5:28. Ro 11:4; 14:10. Ep 3:14; 4:9. He 1:6. Rv 4:10; 5:13; 20:13.

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