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Philippians 1:9 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And this I pray, that your love may abound yet more and more in knowledge and all discernment;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And this I pray, that your love may abound yet more and more in knowledge and [in] all judgment;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— And this I pray, that your love may abound still more and more in real knowledge and all discernment,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And this I pray, that your love may abound yet more and more in knowledge and [in] all judgment;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And this I pray, that your love may abound yet more and more in full knowledge and all intelligence,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, this, I pray—that, your love, may be, yet more and more, pre-eminent in personal knowledge and all perception,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and this I pray, that your love yet more and more may abound in full knowledge, and all judgment,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And this I pray: That your charity may more and more abound in knowledge and in all understanding:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And this I pray, that your loue may abound yet more & more in knowledge, and in all iudgment.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And this I pray, that your love may still increase and abound in knowledge and in all spiritual understanding;
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And this I pray for, that your love may still increase and abound, in knowledge, and In all spiritual understanding:

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
this 5124
{5124} Prime
τοῦτο
touto
{too'-to}
Neuter, singular, nomitive or accusative of G3778; that thing.
I pray, 4336
{4336} Prime
προσεύχομαι
proseuchomai
{pros-yoo'-khom-ahee}
From G4314 and G2172; to pray to God, that is, supplicate, worship.
z5736
<5736> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 618
that 2443
{2443} Prime
ἵνα
hina
{hin'-ah}
Probably from the same as the former part of G1438 (through the demonstrative idea; compare G3588); in order that (denoting the purpose or the result).
your 5216
{5216} Prime
ὑμῶν
humon
{hoo-mone'}
Genitive case of G5210; of (from or concerning) you.
love 26
{0026} Prime
ἀγάπη
agape
{ag-ah'-pay}
From G0025; love, that is, affection or benevolence; specifically (plural) a love feast.
may abound 4052
{4052} Prime
περισσεύω
perisseuo
{per-is-syoo'-o}
From G4053; to superabound (in quantity or quality), be in excess, be superfluous; also (transitively) to cause to superabound or excel.
z5725
<5725> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 352
yet 2089
{2089} Prime
ἔτι
eti
{et'-ee}
Perhaps akin to G2094; 'yet', still (of time or degree).
more 3123
{3123} Prime
μᾶλλον
mallon
{mal'-lon}
Neuter of the comparative of the same as G3122; (adverb) more (in a greater degree) or rather.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
more 3123
{3123} Prime
μᾶλλον
mallon
{mal'-lon}
Neuter of the comparative of the same as G3122; (adverb) more (in a greater degree) or rather.
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
knowledge 1922
{1922} Prime
ἐπίγνωσις
epignosis
{ep-ig'-no-sis}
From G1921; recognition, that is, (by implication) full discernment, acknowledgement.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
[in] all 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
judgment; 144
{0144} Prime
αἴσθησις
aisthesis
{ah'-ee-sthay-sis}
From G0143; perception, that is, (figuratively) discernment.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Philippians 1:9

_ _ The subject of his prayer for them (Philippians 1:4).

_ _ your love — to Christ, producing love not only to Paul, Christ’s minister, as it did, but also to one another, which it did not altogether as much as it ought (Philippians 2:2; Philippians 4:2).

_ _ knowledge — of doctrinal and practical truth.

_ _ judgment — rather, “perception”; “perceptive sense.” Spiritual perceptiveness: spiritual sight, spiritual hearing, spiritual feeling, spiritual taste. Christianity is a vigorous plant, not the hotbed growth of enthusiasm. “Knowledge” and “perception” guard love from being ill-judged.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Philippians 1:9-11

_ _ These verses contain the prayers he put up for them. Paul often let his friends know what it was he begged of God for them, that they might know what to beg for themselves and be directed in their own prayers, and that they might be encouraged to hope they should receive from God the quickening, strengthening, everlasting, comforting grace, which so powerful an intercessor as Paul asked of God for them. It is an encouragement to us to know that we are prayed for by our friends, who, we have reason to think, have an interest at the throne of grace. It was intended likewise for their direction in their walk, and that they might labour to answer his prayers for them; for by this it would appear that God had answered them. Paul, in praying thus for them, expected good concerning them. It is an inducement to us to do our duty, that we may not disappoint the expectations of praying friends and ministers. He prayed, 1. That they might be a loving people, and that good affections might abound among them; That your love might abound yet more and more. He means it of their love to God, and one another, and all men. Love is the fulfilling both of the law and of the gospel. Observe, Those who abound much in any grace have still need to abound more and more, because there is still something wanting in it and we are imperfect in our best attainments. 2. That they might be a knowing and judicious people: that love might abound in knowledge and in all judgment. It is not a blind love that will recommend us to God, but a love grounded upon knowledge and judgment. We must love God because of his infinite excellence and loveliness, and love our brethren because of what we see of the image of God upon them. Strong passions, without knowledge and a settled judgment, will not make us complete in the will of God, and sometimes do more hurt than good. The Jews had a zeal of God, but not according to knowledge, and were transported by it to violence and rage, Romans 10:2; John 16:2. 3. That they might be a discerning people. This would be the effect of their knowledge and judgment: That you may approve the things which are excellent (Philippians 1:10); or, as it is in the margin, Try the things which differ; eis to dokimazein, that we may approve the things which are excellent upon the trial of them, and discern their difference from other things. Observe, The truths and laws of Christ are excellent things; and it is necessary that we every one approve them, and esteem them such. We only need to try them, to approve of them; and they will easily recommend themselves to any searching and discerning mind. 4. That they might be an honest upright-hearted people: That you may be sincere. Sincerity is our gospel perfection, that in which we should have our conversation in the world, and which is the glory of all our graces. When the eye is single, when we are inward with God in what we do, are really what we appear to be, and mean honestly, then we are sincere. 5. That they might be an inoffensive people: that you may be without offence until the day of Christ; not apt to take offence; and very careful not to give offence to God or their brethren, to live in all good conscience before God (Acts 23:1), and to exercise ourselves to have always a conscience void of offence towards God and towards men, Acts 24:16. And we must continue to the end blameless, that we may be presented so at the day of Christ. He will present the church without spot or wrinkle (Ephesians 5:27), and present believers faultless before the presence of his glory with exceeding joy, Jude 1:24. 6. That they might be a fruitful useful people (Philippians 1:11): Being filled with the fruits of righteousness, etc. From God is our fruit found, and therefore from him it must be asked. The fruits of righteousness are the evidences and effects of our sanctification, the duties of holiness springing from a renewed heart, the root of the matter in us. Being filled with them. Observe, Those who do much good should still endeavour to do more. The fruits of righteousness, brought forth for the glory of God and edification of his church, should really fill us, and wholly take us up. Fear not being emptied by bringing forth the fruits of righteousness, for you will be filled with them. These fruits are by Jesus Christ, by his strength and grace, for without him we can do nothing. He is the root of the good olive, from which it derives its fatness. We are strong in the grace which is in Christ Jesus (2 Timothy 2:1) and strengthened with might by his Spirit (Ephesians 3:16), and they are unto the glory and praise of God. We must not aim at our own glory in our fruitfulness, but at the praise and glory of God, that God may be glorified in all things (1 Peter 4:11), and whatsoever we do we must do all to the glory of God, 1 Corinthians 10:31. It is much for the honour of God, when Christians not only are good, but do good, and abound in good works.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Philippians 1:9

And this I pray, that your love — Which they had already shown. May abound yet more and more — The fire which burned in the apostle never says, It is enough. In knowledge and in all spiritual sense — Which is the ground of all spiritual knowledge. We must be inwardly sensible of divine peace, joy, love; otherwise, we cannot know what they are.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Philippians 1:9

(3) And this I pray, that your love may abound yet more and more in knowledge and [in] all judgment;

(3) He shows what thing we ought to chiefly desire, that is, first of all that we may increase in the true knowledge of God (so that we may be able to discern things that differ from one another), and also in charity, that even to the end we may give ourselves to truly good works, to the glory of God by Jesus Christ.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
this:

Philippians 1:4 Always in every prayer of mine for you all making request with joy,

your:

Philippians 3:15-16 Let us therefore, as many as be perfect, be thus minded: and if in any thing ye be otherwise minded, God shall reveal even this unto you. ... Nevertheless, whereto we have already attained, let us walk by the same rule, let us mind the same thing.
Job 17:9 The righteous also shall hold on his way, and he that hath clean hands shall be stronger and stronger.
Proverbs 4:18 But the path of the just [is] as the shining light, that shineth more and more unto the perfect day.
Matthew 13:31-33 Another parable put he forth unto them, saying, The kingdom of heaven is like to a grain of mustard seed, which a man took, and sowed in his field: ... Another parable spake he unto them; The kingdom of heaven is like unto leaven, which a woman took, and hid in three measures of meal, till the whole was leavened.
2 Corinthians 8:7 Therefore, as ye abound in every [thing, in] faith, and utterance, and knowledge, and [in] all diligence, and [in] your love to us, [see] that ye abound in this grace also.
1 Thessalonians 3:12 And the Lord make you to increase and abound in love one toward another, and toward all [men], even as we [do] toward you:
1 Thessalonians 4:1 Furthermore then we beseech you, brethren, and exhort [you] by the Lord Jesus, that as ye have received of us how ye ought to walk and to please God, [so] ye would abound more and more.
1 Thessalonians 4:9-10 But as touching brotherly love ye need not that I write unto you: for ye yourselves are taught of God to love one another. ... And indeed ye do it toward all the brethren which are in all Macedonia: but we beseech you, brethren, that ye increase more and more;
2 Thessalonians 1:3 We are bound to thank God always for you, brethren, as it is meet, because that your faith groweth exceedingly, and the charity of every one of you all toward each other aboundeth;
Philemon 1:6 That the communication of thy faith may become effectual by the acknowledging of every good thing which is in you in Christ Jesus.
1 Peter 1:22 Seeing ye have purified your souls in obeying the truth through the Spirit unto unfeigned love of the brethren, [see that ye] love one another with a pure heart fervently:

in knowledge:

1 Corinthians 14:20 Brethren, be not children in understanding: howbeit in malice be ye children, but in understanding be men.
Ephesians 5:17 Wherefore be ye not unwise, but understanding what the will of the Lord [is].
Colossians 1:9 For this cause we also, since the day we heard [it], do not cease to pray for you, and to desire that ye might be filled with the knowledge of his will in all wisdom and spiritual understanding;
Colossians 3:10 And have put on the new [man], which is renewed in knowledge after the image of him that created him:
2 Peter 1:5-6 And beside this, giving all diligence, add to your faith virtue; and to virtue knowledge; ... And to knowledge temperance; and to temperance patience; and to patience godliness;
2 Peter 3:18 But grow in grace, and [in] the knowledge of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. To him [be] glory both now and for ever. Amen.

judgment:
or, sense,
Hebrews 5:14 But strong meat belongeth to them that are of full age, [even] those who by reason of use have their senses exercised to discern both good and evil.
*Gr.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jb 17:9. Pv 4:18. Mt 13:31. 1Co 14:20. 2Co 8:7. Ep 5:17. Php 1:4; 3:15. Col 1:9; 3:10. 1Th 3:12; 4:1, 9. 2Th 1:3. Phm 1:6. He 5:14. 1P 1:22. 2P 1:5; 3:18.

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