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Philippians 1:23 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— But I am in a strait betwixt the two, having the desire to depart and be with Christ; for it is very far better:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For I am in a strait betwixt two, having a desire to depart, and to be with Christ; which is far better:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— But I am hard-pressed from both [directions], having the desire to depart and be with Christ, for [that] is very much better;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For I am in a strait betwixt two, having a desire to depart, and to be with Christ; which is far better:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— But I am pressed by both, having the desire for departure and being with Christ, [for it is] very much better,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— I am held in constraint, however, by reason of the two,—having, the coveting, to be released, and to be with, Christ, for it were far better!
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for I am pressed by the two, having the desire to depart, and to be with Christ, for it is far better,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But I am straitened between two: having a desire to be dissolved and to be with Christ, a thing by far the better.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For I am in a strait betwixt two, hauing a desire to depart, & to bee with Christ, which is farre better.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— For these two straiten me. I desire to be set free, that I might be with the Meshiha, and this is greatly preferable to me;
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— For the two press upon me: I desire to be liberated, that I may be with the Messiah; and this would be very advantageous to me.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
I am in a strait 4912
{4912} Prime
συνέχω
sunecho
{soon-ekh'-o}
From G4862 and G2192; to hold together, that is, to compress (the ears, with a crowd or siege) or arrest (a prisoner); figuratively to compel, perplex, afflict, preoccupy.
z5743
<5743> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 271
betwixt 1537
{1537} Prime
ἐκ
ek
{ek}
A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence motion or action proceeds), from, out (of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote).
two, 1417
{1417} Prime
δύο
duo
{doo'-o}
A primary numeral; 'two'.
having 2192
{2192} Prime
ἔχω
echo
{ekh'-o}
A primary verb (including an alternate form σχέω [[scheo]], {skheh'-o}; used in certain tenses only); to hold (used in very various applications, literally or figuratively, direct or remote; such as possession, ability, contiguity, relation or condition).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
a desire 1939
{1939} Prime
ἐπιθυμία
epithumia
{ep-ee-thoo-mee'-ah}
From G1937; a longing (especially for what is forbidden).
to y1519
[1519] Standard
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
depart, 360
{0360} Prime
ἀναλύω
analuo
{an-al-oo'-o}
From G0303 and G3089; to break up, that is, depart (literally or figuratively).
z5658
<5658> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 516
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
to be 1511
{1511} Prime
εἶναι
einai
{i'-nahee}
Present infinitive from G1510; to exist.
z5750
<5750> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 135
with 4862
{4862} Prime
σύν
sun
{soon}
A primary preposition denoting union; with or together (but much closer than G3326 or G3844), that is, by association, companionship, process, resemblance, possession, instrumentality, addition, etc.
Christ; 5547
{5547} Prime
Χριστός
Christos
{khris-tos'}
From G5548; anointed, that is, the Messiah, an epithet of Jesus.
which is far 4183
{4183} Prime
πολύς
polus
{pol-oos'}
Including the forms from the alternate 'pollos'; (singular) much (in any respect) or (plural) many; neuter (singular) as adverb largely; neuter (plural) as adverb or noun often, mostly, largely.
3123
{3123} Prime
μᾶλλον
mallon
{mal'-lon}
Neuter of the comparative of the same as G3122; (adverb) more (in a greater degree) or rather.
better: y2908
[2908] Standard
κρείσσων
kreisson
{krice'-sone}
Neuter of an alternate form of G2909; (as noun) better, that is, greater advantage.
x2909
(2909) Complement
κρείττων
kreitton
{krite'-tohn}
Comparative of a derivative of G2904; stronger, that is, (figuratively) better, that is, nobler.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Philippians 1:23

_ _ For — The oldest manuscripts read, “But.” “I know not (Philippians 1:22), BUT am in a strait (am perplexed) betwixt the two (namely, ‘to live’ and ‘to die’), having the desire for departing (literally, ‘to loose anchor,’ 2 Timothy 4:6) and being with Christ; FOR (so the oldest manuscripts) it is by far better”; or as the Greek, more forcibly, “by far the more preferable”; a double comparative. This refutes the notion of the soul being dormant during its separation from the body. It also shows that, while he regarded the Lord’s advent as at all times near, yet that his death before it was a very possible contingency. The partial life eternal is in the interval between death and Christ’s second advent; the perfectional, at that advent [Bishop Pearson]. To depart is better than to remain in the flesh; to be with Christ is far, far better; a New Testament hope (Hebrews 12:24), [Bengel].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Philippians 1:21-26.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Philippians 1:23

To depart — Out of bonds, flesh, the world. And to be with Christ — In a nearer and fuller union. It is better to depart; it is far better to be with Christ.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
in:

2 Samuel 24:14 And David said unto Gad, I am in a great strait: let us fall now into the hand of the LORD; for his mercies [are] great: and let me not fall into the hand of man.
1 Thessalonians 2:1 For yourselves, brethren, know our entrance in unto you, that it was not in vain:
1 Thessalonians 2:13 For this cause also thank we God without ceasing, because, when ye received the word of God which ye heard of us, ye received [it] not [as] the word of men, but as it is in truth, the word of God, which effectually worketh also in you that believe.
Luke 12:50 But I have a baptism to be baptized with; and how am I straitened till it be accomplished!
2 Corinthians 6:12 Ye are not straitened in us, but ye are straitened in your own bowels.

a desire:

Luke 2:29-30 Lord, now lettest thou thy servant depart in peace, according to thy word: ... For mine eyes have seen thy salvation,
John 13:1 Now before the feast of the passover, when Jesus knew that his hour was come that he should depart out of this world unto the Father, having loved his own which were in the world, he loved them unto the end.
2 Corinthians 5:8 We are confident, [I say], and willing rather to be absent from the body, and to be present with the Lord.
2 Timothy 4:6 For I am now ready to be offered, and the time of my departure is at hand.

with:

Job 19:26-27 And [though] after my skin [worms] destroy this [body], yet in my flesh shall I see God: ... Whom I shall see for myself, and mine eyes shall behold, and not another; [though] my reins be consumed within me.
Psalms 49:15 But God will redeem my soul from the power of the grave: for he shall receive me. Selah.
Luke 8:38 Now the man out of whom the devils were departed besought him that he might be with him: but Jesus sent him away, saying,
Luke 23:43 And Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, To day shalt thou be with me in paradise.
John 14:3 And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again, and receive you unto myself; that where I am, [there] ye may be also.
John 17:24 Father, I will that they also, whom thou hast given me, be with me where I am; that they may behold my glory, which thou hast given me: for thou lovedst me before the foundation of the world.
Acts 7:59 And they stoned Stephen, calling upon [God], and saying, Lord Jesus, receive my spirit.
2 Corinthians 5:8 We are confident, [I say], and willing rather to be absent from the body, and to be present with the Lord.
1 Thessalonians 4:17 Then we which are alive [and] remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds, to meet the Lord in the air: and so shall we ever be with the Lord.
Revelation 14:13 And I heard a voice from heaven saying unto me, Write, Blessed [are] the dead which die in the Lord from henceforth: Yea, saith the Spirit, that they may rest from their labours; and their works do follow them.

far:

Psalms 16:10-11 For thou wilt not leave my soul in hell; neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption. ... Thou wilt shew me the path of life: in thy presence [is] fulness of joy; at thy right hand [there are] pleasures for evermore.
Psalms 17:15 As for me, I will behold thy face in righteousness: I shall be satisfied, when I awake, with thy likeness.
Psalms 73:24-26 Thou shalt guide me with thy counsel, and afterward receive me [to] glory. ... My flesh and my heart faileth: [but] God [is] the strength of my heart, and my portion for ever.
Revelation 7:14-17 And I said unto him, Sir, thou knowest. And he said to me, These are they which came out of great tribulation, and have washed their robes, and made them white in the blood of the Lamb. ... For the Lamb which is in the midst of the throne shall feed them, and shall lead them unto living fountains of waters: and God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

2S 24:14. Jb 19:26. Ps 16:10; 17:15; 49:15; 73:24. Lk 2:29; 8:38; 12:50; 23:43. Jn 13:1; 14:3; 17:24. Ac 7:59. 2Co 5:8; 6:12. 1Th 2:1, 13; 4:17. 2Ti 4:6. Rv 7:14; 14:13.

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