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Obadiah 1:20 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And the captives of this host of the children of Israel, that are [among] the Canaanites, [shall possess] even unto Zarephath; and the captives of Jerusalem, that are in Sepharad, shall possess the cities of the South.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the captivity of this host of the children of Israel [shall possess] that of the Canaanites, [even] unto Zarephath; and the captivity of Jerusalem, which [is] in Sepharad, shall possess the cities of the south.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— And the exiles of this host of the sons of Israel, Who are [among] the Canaanites as far as Zarephath, And the exiles of Jerusalem who are in Sepharad Will possess the cities of the Negev.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the captivity of this host of the children of Israel [shall possess] that of the Canaanites, [even] to Zarephath; and the captivity of Jerusalem, which [is] in Sepharad, shall possess the cities of the south.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and the captives of this host of the children of Israel [shall possess] what belonged to the Canaanites, unto Zarephath; and the captives of Jerusalem, who [were] in Sepharad, shall possess the cities of the south.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, they of the captivity of this force pertaining to the sons of Israel, [shall possess] that of the Canaanites, up to Zarephath, and, they of the captivity of Jerusalem who are in Sepharad, shall possess the cities of the South.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And the removed of this force of the sons of Israel, That [is with] the Canaanites unto Zarephat, And the removed of Jerusalem that [is] with the Sepharad, Possess the cities of the south.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the captivity of this host of the children of Israel, all the places of the Chanaanites even to Sarepta: and the captivity of Jerusalem that is in Bosphorus, shall possess the cities of the south.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the captiuitie of this hoste of the children of Israel [shall possesse] that of the Canaanites euen vnto Zarephath, and the captiuitie of Ierusalem which [is] in Sepharad, shall possesse the cities of the South.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And this [shall be] the domain of the captivity of the children of Israel, the land of the Canaanites{gr.Chananites} as far as Sarepta; and the captives of Jerusalem [shall inherit] as far as Ephrath{gr.Ephratha}; they shall inherit the cities of the south.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And the captivity of this host of the children of Yisrael [shall possess] that of the Kenaanim, [even] unto Tzarfath; and the captivity of Yerushalaim, which [is] in Sefarad, shall possess the cities of the south.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And the captivity 1546
{1546} Prime
גָּלוּת
galuwth
{gaw-looth'}
Feminine from H1540; captivity; concretely exiles (collectively).
of this x2088
(2088) Complement
זֶה
zeh
{zeh}
A primitive word; the masculine demonstrative pronoun, this or that.
host 2426
{2426} Prime
חֵיל
cheyl
{khale}
A collateral form of H2428; an army; also (by analogy) an intrenchment.
of the children 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of Yi$rl יִשׂרָאֵל 3478
{3478} Prime
יִשְׂרָאֵל
Yisra'el
{yis-raw-ale'}
From H8280 and H0410; he will rule as God; Jisrael, a symbolical name of Jacob; also (typically) of his posterity.
[shall possess] that x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
of the Cna`nm כְּנַעֲנִים, 3669
{3669} Prime
כְּנַעֲנִי
K@na`aniy
{ken-ah-an-ee'}
Patrial from H3667; a Kenaanite or inhabitant of Kenaan; by implication a pedlar (the Cananites standing for their neighbors the Ishmaelites, who conducted mercantile caravans).
[even] unto x5704
(5704) Complement
עַד
`ad
{ad}
Properly the same as H5703 (used as a preposition, adverb or conjugation; especially with a preposition); as far (or long, or much) as, whether of space (even unto) or time (during, while, until) or degree (equally with).
Xrfa צָרפַת; 6886
{6886} Prime
צָרְפַת
Tsar@phath
{tsaq-ref-ath'}
From H6884; refinement; Tsarephath, a place in Palestine.
and the captivity 1546
{1546} Prime
גָּלוּת
galuwth
{gaw-looth'}
Feminine from H1540; captivity; concretely exiles (collectively).
of Yrlaim יְרוּשָׁלִַם, 3389
{3389} Prime
יְרוּשָׁלִַם
Y@ruwshalaim
{yer-oo-shaw-lah'-im}
A dual (in allusion to its two main hills (the true pointing, at least of the former reading, seems to be that of H3390)); probably from (the passive participle of) H3384 and H7999; founded peaceful; Jerushalaim or Jerushalem, the capital city of Palestine.
which x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
[is] in Sfra סְפָרַד, 5614
{5614} Prime
סְפָרַד
C@pharad
{sef-aw-rawd'}
Of foreign derivation; Sepharad, a region of Assyria.
shall possess 3423
{3423} Prime
יָרַשׁ
yarash
{yaw-rash'}
A primitive root; to occupy (be driving out previous tenants, and possessing in their place); by implication to seize, to rob, to inherit; also to expel, to impoverish, to ruin.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
the cities 5892
{5892} Prime
עִיר
`iyr
{eer}
From H5782 a city (a place guarded by waking or a watch) in the widest sense (even of a mere encampment or post).
of the south. 5045
{5045} Prime
נֶגֶב
negeb
{neh'-gheb}
From an unused root meaning to be parched; the south (from its drought); specifically the negeb or southern district of Judah, occasionally, Egypt (as south to Palestine).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Obadiah 1:20

_ _ the captivity of this host — that is, the captives of this multitude of Israelites.

_ _ shall possess that of the Canaanites — Maurer translates, “the captives ... whom the Canaanites (carried away captive into Phoenicia) even unto Zarephath, shall possess the south,” namely, Idumea as well as the south (Obadiah 1:19). Henderson, similarly, “the captives that are among the Canaanites,” etc. But the corresponding clauses of the parallelism are better balanced in English Version, “the ten tribes of Israel shall possess the territory of the Canaanites,” namely, Western Palestine and Phoenicia (Judges 3:3). “And the captives of Jerusalem (and Judah) shall possess the southern cities,” namely, Edom, etc. Each has the region respectively adjoining assigned to it; Israel has the western Canaanite region; Judah, the southern.

_ _ even unto Zarephath — near Zidon; called Sarepta in Luke 4:26. The name implies it was a place for smelting metals. From this quarter came the “woman of Canaan” (Matthew 15:21, Matthew 15:22). Captives of the Jews had been carried into the coasts of Palestine or Canaan, about Tyre and Zidon (Joel 3:3, Joel 3:4; Amos 1:9). The Jews when restored shall possess the territory of their ancient oppressors.

_ _ in Sepharad — that is, the Bosphorus [Jerome, from his Hebrew Instructor]. Sephar, according to others (Genesis 10:30). Palaeography confirms Jerome. In the cuneiform inscription containing a list of the tribes of Persia [Niebuhr, Tab. 31.1], before Ionia and Greece, and after Cappadocia, comes the name CPaRaD. It was therefore a district of Western Asia Minor, about Lydia, and near the Bosphorus. It is made an appellative by Maurer. “The Jerusalem captives of the dispersion” (compare James 1:1), wherever they be dispersed, shall return and possess the southern cities. Sepharad, though literally the district near the Bosphorus, represents the Jews’ far and wide dispersion. Jerome says the name in Assyrian means a boundary, that is, “the Jews scattered in all boundaries and regions.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Obadiah 1:17-21.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Obadiah 1:20

The captivity — Those of the ten tribes that were carried away captive by Salmanesar. Of the Canaanites — All the country they anciently possessed with this addition, that what the Canaanites held by force, and the Israelites could not take from them, shall now be possessed by these returned captives. Zarephath — Near Sidon. Of Jerusalem — The two tribes carried captive by Nebuchadnezzar. Sepharad — Probably a region of Chaldea. The cities — All the cities which were once their own.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Obadiah 1:20

And the captivity of this host of the children of Israel [shall possess] that of the (p) Canaanites, [even] unto Zarephath; and the captivity of Jerusalem, which [is] in Sepharad, shall possess the cities of the south.

(p) By the Canaanites, the Jews mean the Dutchmen, and by Zarephath, France, and by Sepharad, Spain.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the captivity of this:

Jeremiah 3:18 In those days the house of Judah shall walk with the house of Israel, and they shall come together out of the land of the north to the land that I have given for an inheritance unto your fathers.
Jeremiah 33:26 Then will I cast away the seed of Jacob, and David my servant, [so] that I will not take [any] of his seed [to be] rulers over the seed of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob: for I will cause their captivity to return, and have mercy on them.
Ezekiel 34:12-13 As a shepherd seeketh out his flock in the day that he is among his sheep [that are] scattered; so will I seek out my sheep, and will deliver them out of all places where they have been scattered in the cloudy and dark day. ... And I will bring them out from the people, and gather them from the countries, and will bring them to their own land, and feed them upon the mountains of Israel by the rivers, and in all the inhabited places of the country.
Hosea 1:10-11 Yet the number of the children of Israel shall be as the sand of the sea, which cannot be measured nor numbered; and it shall come to pass, [that] in the place where it was said unto them, Ye [are] not my people, [there] it shall be said unto them, [Ye are] the sons of the living God. ... Then shall the children of Judah and the children of Israel be gathered together, and appoint themselves one head, and they shall come up out of the land: for great [shall be] the day of Jezreel.
Amos 9:14-15 And I will bring again the captivity of my people of Israel, and they shall build the waste cities, and inhabit [them]; and they shall plant vineyards, and drink the wine thereof; they shall also make gardens, and eat the fruit of them. ... And I will plant them upon their land, and they shall no more be pulled up out of their land which I have given them, saith the LORD thy God.
Zechariah 10:6-10 And I will strengthen the house of Judah, and I will save the house of Joseph, and I will bring them again to place them; for I have mercy upon them: and they shall be as though I had not cast them off: for I [am] the LORD their God, and will hear them. ... I will bring them again also out of the land of Egypt, and gather them out of Assyria; and I will bring them into the land of Gilead and Lebanon; and [place] shall not be found for them.

Zarephath:

1 Kings 17:9-10 Arise, get thee to Zarephath, which [belongeth] to Zidon, and dwell there: behold, I have commanded a widow woman there to sustain thee. ... So he arose and went to Zarephath. And when he came to the gate of the city, behold, the widow woman [was] there gathering of sticks: and he called to her, and said, Fetch me, I pray thee, a little water in a vessel, that I may drink.
Luke 4:26 But unto none of them was Elias sent, save unto Sarepta, [a city] of Sidon, unto a woman [that was] a widow.
, Sarepta

which is in Sepharad, shall possess:
or, shall possess that which is in Sepharad, they shall possess,
Jeremiah 13:19 The cities of the south shall be shut up, and none shall open [them]: Judah shall be carried away captive all of it, it shall be wholly carried away captive.
Jeremiah 32:44 Men shall buy fields for money, and subscribe evidences, and seal [them], and take witnesses in the land of Benjamin, and in the places about Jerusalem, and in the cities of Judah, and in the cities of the mountains, and in the cities of the valley, and in the cities of the south: for I will cause their captivity to return, saith the LORD.
Jeremiah 33:13 In the cities of the mountains, in the cities of the vale, and in the cities of the south, and in the land of Benjamin, and in the places about Jerusalem, and in the cities of Judah, shall the flocks pass again under the hands of him that telleth [them], saith the LORD.
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1K 17:9. Jr 3:18; 13:19; 32:44; 33:13, 26. Ezk 34:12. Ho 1:10. Am 9:14. Zc 10:6. Lk 4:26.

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