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Numbers 5:31 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And the man shall be free from iniquity, and that woman shall bear her iniquity.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Then shall the man be guiltless from iniquity, and this woman shall bear her iniquity.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— ‘Moreover, the man will be free from guilt, but that woman shall bear her guilt.’”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Then shall the man be guiltless from iniquity, and this woman shall bear her iniquity.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Then shall the man be free from iniquity, but that woman shall bear her iniquity.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— thus shall the man be clear of iniquity; but, that woman, shall bear her iniquity.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and the man hath been acquitted from iniquity, and that woman doth bear her iniquity.'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The husband shall be blameless, and she shall bear her iniquity.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Then shall the man bee guiltlesse from iniquitie, and this woman shall beare her iniquitie.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Then the man shall be clear from sin, and that woman shall bear her sin.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Then shall the man be guiltless from iniquity, and this woman shall bear her iniquity.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Then shall the man 376
{0376} Prime
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
be guiltless 5352
{5352} Prime
A primitive root; to be (or make) clean (literally or figuratively); by implication (in an adverse sense) to be bare, that is, extirpated.
<8738> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 1429
from iniquity, 5771
{5771} Prime
From H5753; perversity, that is, (moral) evil.
(4480) Complement
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
and this 1931
{1931} Prime
The second form is the feminine beyond the Pentateuch; a primitive word, the third person pronoun singular, he (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are.
woman 802
{0802} Prime
The first form is the feminine of H0376 or H0582; the second form is an irregular plural; a woman (used in the same wide sense as H0582).
shall bear 5375
{5375} Prime
A primitive root; to lift, in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, absolutely and relatively.
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
(0853) Complement
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
her iniquity. 5771
{5771} Prime
From H5753; perversity, that is, (moral) evil.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

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Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Numbers 5:11-31.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Numbers 5:31

Guiltless — Which he should not have been, if he had either indulged her in so great a wickedness, and not endeavoured to bring her to repentance or punishment, or cherished suspicions in his breast, and thereupon proceeded to hate her or cast her off. Whereas now, whatsoever the consequence is, the husband shall not be censured for bringing such curses upon her, or for defaming her, if she appear to be innocent. Her iniquity — That is, the punishment of her iniquity, whether she was false to her husband, or by any light carriage gave him occasion to suspect her.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Numbers 5:31

Then shall the man be (o) guiltless from iniquity, and this woman shall bear her iniquity.

(o) The man might accuse his wife on suspicion and not be reproved.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
be guiltless:

Psalms 37:6 And he shall bring forth thy righteousness as the light, and thy judgment as the noonday.


Numbers 9:13 But the man that [is] clean, and is not in a journey, and forbeareth to keep the passover, even the same soul shall be cut off from among his people: because he brought not the offering of the LORD in his appointed season, that man shall bear his sin.
Leviticus 20:10 And the man that committeth adultery with [another] man's wife, [even he] that committeth adultery with his neighbour's wife, the adulterer and the adulteress shall surely be put to death.
Leviticus 20:17-20 And if a man shall take his sister, his father's daughter, or his mother's daughter, and see her nakedness, and she see his nakedness; it [is] a wicked thing; and they shall be cut off in the sight of their people: he hath uncovered his sister's nakedness; he shall bear his iniquity. ... And if a man shall lie with his uncle's wife, he hath uncovered his uncle's nakedness: they shall bear their sin; they shall die childless.
Ezekiel 18:4 Behold, all souls are mine; as the soul of the father, so also the soul of the son is mine: the soul that sinneth, it shall die.
Romans 2:8-9 But unto them that are contentious, and do not obey the truth, but obey unrighteousness, indignation and wrath, ... Tribulation and anguish, upon every soul of man that doeth evil, of the Jew first, and also of the Gentile;
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Lv 20:10, 17. Nu 9:13. Ps 37:6. Ezk 18:4. Ro 2:8.

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