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Numbers 5:21 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— then the priest shall cause the woman to swear with the oath of cursing, and the priest shall say unto the woman, Jehovah make thee a curse and an oath among thy people, when Jehovah doth make thy thigh to fall away, and thy body to swell;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Then the priest shall charge the woman with an oath of cursing, and the priest shall say unto the woman, The LORD make thee a curse and an oath among thy people, when the LORD doth make thy thigh to rot, and thy belly to swell;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— (then the priest shall have the woman swear with the oath of the curse, and the priest shall say to the woman), “the LORD make you a curse and an oath among your people by the LORD’S making your thigh waste away and your abdomen swell;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Then the priest shall charge the woman with an oath of cursing, and the priest shall say to the woman, The LORD make thee a curse and an oath among thy people, when the LORD doth make thy thigh to perish, and thy belly to swell;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— —then the priest shall adjure the woman with the oath of cursing, and the priest shall say unto the woman: Jehovah make thee a curse and an oath among thy people, when Jehovah doth make thy thigh to shrink, and thy belly to swell;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— then shall the priest put the woman on oath, with an oath of cursing, and the priest shall say unto the woman, Yahweh give thee up for a curse and for an oath, in the midst of thy people,—in that Yahweh shall give up thy thigh to fall away, and thy womb to swell:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— (then the priest hath caused the woman to swear with an oath of execration, and the priest hath said to the woman)—Jehovah doth give thee for an execration, and for a curse, in the midst of thy people, in Jehovah's giving thy thigh to fall, and thy belly to swell,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— These curses shall light upon thee: The Lord make thee a curse, and an example for all among his people: may he make thy thigh to rot, and may thy belly swell and burst asunder.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Then the Priest shall charge the woman with an othe of cursing, and the Priest shall say vnto the woman, The LORD make thee a curse, and an othe among thy people, when the LORD doth make thy thigh to rot, and thy belly to swell.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— then the priest shall adjure the woman by the oaths of this curse, and the priest shall say to the woman, The Lord bring thee into a curse and under an oath in the midst of thy people, in that the Lord should cause thy thigh to rot and thy belly to swell;
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Then the priest shall charge the woman with an oath of cursing, and the priest shall say unto the woman, Yahweh make thee a curse and an oath among thy people, when Yahweh doth make thy thigh to rot, and thy belly to swell;

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Then the priest 3548
{3548} Prime
כֹּהֵן
kohen
{ko-hane'}
Active participle of H3547; literally one officiating, a priest; also (by courtesy) an acting priest (although a layman).
shall charge 7650
{7650} Prime
שָׁבַע
shaba`
{shaw-bah'}
A primitive root; properly to be complete, but used only as a denominative from H7651; to seven oneself, that is, swear (as if by repeating a declaration seven times).
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
the woman 802
{0802} Prime
אִשָּׁה
'ishshah
{ish-shaw'}
The first form is the feminine of H0376 or H0582; the second form is an irregular plural; a woman (used in the same wide sense as H0582).
with an oath 7621
{7621} Prime
שְׁבוּעָה
sh@buw`ah
{sheb-oo-aw'}
Feminine passive participle of H7650; properly something sworn, that is, an oath.
of cursing, 423
{0423} Prime
אָלָה
'alah
{aw-law'}
From H0422; an imprecation.
and the priest 3548
{3548} Prime
כֹּהֵן
kohen
{ko-hane'}
Active participle of H3547; literally one officiating, a priest; also (by courtesy) an acting priest (although a layman).
shall say 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
unto the woman, 802
{0802} Prime
אִשָּׁה
'ishshah
{ish-shaw'}
The first form is the feminine of H0376 or H0582; the second form is an irregular plural; a woman (used in the same wide sense as H0582).
Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
make 5414
{5414} Prime
נָתַן
nathan
{naw-than'}
A primitive root; to give, used with great latitude of application (put, make, etc.).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
thee a curse 423
{0423} Prime
אָלָה
'alah
{aw-law'}
From H0422; an imprecation.
and an oath 7621
{7621} Prime
שְׁבוּעָה
sh@buw`ah
{sheb-oo-aw'}
Feminine passive participle of H7650; properly something sworn, that is, an oath.
among 8432
{8432} Prime
תָּוֶךְ
tavek
{taw'-vek}
From an unused root meaning to sever; a bisection, that is, (by implication) the centre.
thy people, 5971
{5971} Prime
עַם
`am
{am}
From H6004; a people (as a congregated unit); specifically a tribe (as those of Israel); hence (collectively) troops or attendants; figuratively a flock.
when Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
doth make 5414
{5414} Prime
נָתַן
nathan
{naw-than'}
A primitive root; to give, used with great latitude of application (put, make, etc.).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
thy thigh 3409
{3409} Prime
יָרֵךְ
yarek
{yaw-rake'}
From an unused root meaning to be soft; the thigh (from its fleshy softness); by euphemism the generative parts; figuratively a shank, flank, side.
to rot, 5307
{5307} Prime
נָפַל
naphal
{naw-fal'}
A primitive root; to fall, in a great variety of applications (intransitively or causatively, literally or figuratively).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
and thy belly 990
{0990} Prime
בֶּטֶן
beten
{beh'-ten}
From an unused root probably meaning to be hollow; the belly, especially the womb; also the bosom or body of anything.
to swell; 6639
{6639} Prime
צָבֶה
tsabeh
{tsaw-beh'}
From H6638; turgid.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Numbers 5:21

_ _ The Lord make thee a curse, etc. — a usual form of imprecation (Isaiah 65:15; Jeremiah 29:22).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Numbers 5:11-31.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Numbers 5:21

An oath — That is, a form of cursing, that when they would curse a person, they may wish that they may be as miserable as thou wast. Thy thigh — A modest expression, used both in scripture, as Genesis 46:26, Exodus 1:5, and other authors. To rot — Heb. to fall, that is, to die or waste away. To swell — Suddenly and violently till it burst, which the Jews note was frequent in this case. And it was a clear evidence of the truth of their religion.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Numbers 5:21

Then the priest shall charge the woman with an oath of cursing, and the priest shall say unto the woman, The LORD make thee a (k) curse and an oath among thy people, when the LORD doth make thy thigh to rot, and thy belly to swell;

(k) Both because she had committed so heinous a fault, and forswore herself in denying the same.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
an oath:

Joshua 6:26 And Joshua adjured [them] at that time, saying, Cursed [be] the man before the LORD, that riseth up and buildeth this city Jericho: he shall lay the foundation thereof in his firstborn, and in his youngest [son] shall he set up the gates of it.
1 Samuel 14:24 And the men of Israel were distressed that day: for Saul had adjured the people, saying, Cursed [be] the man that eateth [any] food until evening, that I may be avenged on mine enemies. So none of the people tasted [any] food.
Nehemiah 10:29 They clave to their brethren, their nobles, and entered into a curse, and into an oath, to walk in God's law, which was given by Moses the servant of God, and to observe and do all the commandments of the LORD our Lord, and his judgments and his statutes;
Matthew 26:74 Then began he to curse and to swear, [saying], I know not the man. And immediately the cock crew.

The LORD[YHWH] make:

Isaiah 65:15 And ye shall leave your name for a curse unto my chosen: for the Lord GOD shall slay thee, and call his servants by another name:
Jeremiah 29:22 And of them shall be taken up a curse by all the captivity of Judah which [are] in Babylon, saying, The LORD make thee like Zedekiah and like Ahab, whom the king of Babylon roasted in the fire;

rot:
Heb. fall,
2 Chronicles 21:15 And thou [shalt have] great sickness by disease of thy bowels, until thy bowels fall out by reason of the sickness day by day.
Proverbs 10:7 The memory of the just [is] blessed: but the name of the wicked shall rot.
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Jsh 6:26. 1S 14:24. 2Ch 21:15. Ne 10:29. Pv 10:7. Is 65:15. Jr 29:22. Mt 26:74.

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