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Numbers 5:12 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, If any man's wife go aside, and commit a trespass against him,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, If any man's wife go aside, and commit a trespass against him,
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Speak to the sons of Israel and say to them, ‘If any man’s wife goes astray and is unfaithful to him,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them, If any man's wife shall go astray, and commit a trespass against him,
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, If any man's wife go astray, and commit unfaithfulness against him,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Speak unto the sons of Israel, and thou shalt say unto them,—When, any man's wife, shall turn aside, and commit against him an act of unfaithfulness;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'Speak unto the sons of Israel, and thou hast said unto them, When any man's wife turneth aside, and hath committed against him a trespass,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Speak to the children of Israel, and thou shalt say to them: The man whose wife shall have gone astray, and contemning her husband,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Speake vnto the children of Israel, and say vnto them, If any mans wife goe aside, and commit a trespasse against him;
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Speak to the children of Israel, and thou shalt say to them, Whosesoever wife shall transgress against him, and slight and despise him,
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Speak unto the children of Yisrael, and say unto them, If any man's wife go aside, and commit a trespass against him,

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Speak 1696
{1696} Prime
דִּבֵּר
dabar
{daw-bar'}
A primitive root; perhaps properly to arrange; but used figuratively (of words) to speak; rarely (in a destructive sense) to subdue.
z8761
<8761> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 446
unto x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
the children 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of Yi$rl יִשׂרָאֵל, 3478
{3478} Prime
יִשְׂרָאֵל
Yisra'el
{yis-raw-ale'}
From H8280 and H0410; he will rule as God; Jisrael, a symbolical name of Jacob; also (typically) of his posterity.
and say 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
unto x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
them, If x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
any y376
[0376] Standard
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
man's 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
wife 802
{0802} Prime
אִשָּׁה
'ishshah
{ish-shaw'}
The first form is the feminine of H0376 or H0582; the second form is an irregular plural; a woman (used in the same wide sense as H0582).
go aside, 7847
{7847} Prime
שָׂטָה
satah
{saw-taw'}
A primitive root; to deviate from duty.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
and commit 4603
{4603} Prime
מָעַל
ma`al
{maw-al'}
A primitive root; properly to cover up; used only figuratively to act covertly, that is, treacherously.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
a trespass 4604
{4604} Prime
מַעַל
ma`al
{mah'-al}
From H4608; treachery, that is, sin.
against him,
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Numbers 5:12-15

_ _ if any man’s wife go aside, and commit a trespass against him — This law was given both as a strong discouragement to conjugal infidelity on the part of a wife, and a sufficient protection of her from the consequences of a hasty and groundless suspicion on the part of the husband. His suspicions, however, were sufficient in the absence of witnesses (Leviticus 20:10) to warrant the trial described; and the course of proceeding to be followed was for the jealous husband to bring his wife unto the priest with an offering of barley meal, because none were allowed to approach the sanctuary empty handed (Exodus 23:15). On other occasions, there were mingled with the offering, oil which signified joy, and frankincense which denoted acceptance (Psalms 141:2). But on the occasion referred to, both these ingredients were to be excluded, partly because it was a solemn appeal to God in distressing circumstances, and partly because it was a sin offering on the part of the wife, who came before God in the character of a real or suspected offender.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Numbers 5:11-31.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Numbers 5:12

If a man's wife — This law was given partly to deter wives from adulterous practices, and partly to secure wives against the rage of their hard — hearted husbands, who otherwise might upon mere suspicions destroy them, or at least put them away. There was not like fear of inconveniences to the husband from the jealousy, of the wife, who had not that authority and power, and opportunity for the putting away or killing the husband, as the husband had over the wife. Go aside — From the way of religion and justice, and that either in truth, or in her husband's opinion.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Numbers 5:12

Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, If any man's wife (e) go aside, and commit a trespass against him,

(e) By breaking the band of marriage, and playing the harlot.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Numbers 5:19-20 And the priest shall charge her by an oath, and say unto the woman, If no man have lain with thee, and if thou hast not gone aside to uncleanness [with another] instead of thy husband, be thou free from this bitter water that causeth the curse: ... But if thou hast gone aside [to another] instead of thy husband, and if thou be defiled, and some man have lain with thee beside thine husband:
Proverbs 2:16-17 To deliver thee from the strange woman, [even] from the stranger [which] flattereth with her words; ... Which forsaketh the guide of her youth, and forgetteth the covenant of her God.
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Nu 5:19. Pv 2:16.

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