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Numbers 35:22 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— But if he thrust him suddenly without enmity, or hurled upon him anything without lying in wait,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But if he thrust him suddenly without enmity, or have cast upon him any thing without laying of wait,
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— ‘But if he pushed him suddenly without enmity, or threw something at him without lying in wait,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But if he shall thrust him suddenly without enmity, or shall have cast upon him any thing without laying in wait,
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— But if he have thrust at him suddenly without enmity, or have cast upon him anything unintentionally,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But, if, suddenly, without enmity, he shall thrust him, or hurl upon him any missile, without design;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'And if, in an instant, without enmity, he hath thrust him through, or hath cast at him any instrument, without lying in wait;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But if by chance medley, and without hatred,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But if hee thrust him suddenly without enmitie, or haue cast vpon him any thing without laying of wait,
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— But if he should thrust him suddenly, not through enmity, or cast any thing upon him, not from an ambuscade,
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— But if he thrust him suddenly without enmity, or have cast upon him any thing without laying of wait,

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But if x518
(0518) Complement
A primitive particle; used very widely as demonstrative, lo!; interrogitive, whether?; or conditional, if, although; also Oh that!, when; hence as a negative, not.
he thrust 1920
{1920} Prime
A primitive root; to push away or down.
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
him suddenly 6621
{6621} Prime
From an unused root meaning to open (the eyes); a wink, that is, moment (compare H6597), (used only (with or without preposition) adverbially quickly or unexpectedly).
without 3808
{3808} Prime
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
enmity, 342
{0342} Prime
From H0340; hostility.
or x176
(0176) Complement
The first form is presumed to be the 'constructive' or genitival form of the second form which is short for H0185; desire (and so probably in Proverbs 31:4); hence (by way of alternative) or, also if.
have cast 7993
{7993} Prime
A primitive root; to throw out, down or away (literally or figuratively).
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
upon x5921
(5921) Complement
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
him any thing 3627
{3627} Prime
From H3615; something prepared, that is, any apparatus (as an implement, utensil, dress, vessel or weapon).
(3605) Complement
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
without x3808
(3808) Complement
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
laying of wait, 6660
{6660} Prime
From H6658; design (compare H6656).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Numbers 35:22-28

_ _ But if he thrust him suddenly without enmity, or have cast upon him any thing without laying of wait, etc. — Under the excitement of a sudden provocation, or violent passion, an injury might be inflicted issuing in death; and for a person who had thus undesignedly committed slaughter, the Levitical cities offered the benefit of full protection. Once having reached the nearest, for one or other of them was within a day’s journey of all parts of the land, he was secure. But he had to “abide in it.” His confinement within its walls was a wise and salutary rule, designed to show the sanctity of human blood in God’s sight, as well as to protect the manslayer himself, whose presence and intercourse in society might have provoked the passions of the deceased’s relatives. But the period of his release from this confinement was not until the death of the high priest. That was a season of public affliction, when private sorrows were sunk or overlooked under a sense of the national calamity, and when the death of so eminent a servant of God naturally led all to serious consideration about their own mortality. The moment, however, that the refugee broke through the restraints of his confinement and ventured beyond the precincts of the asylum, he forfeited the privilege, and, if he was discovered by his pursuer, he might be slain with impunity.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Numbers 35:9-34.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Numbers 35:11 Then ye shall appoint you cities to be cities of refuge for you; that the slayer may flee thither, which killeth any person at unawares.
Exodus 21:13 And if a man lie not in wait, but God deliver [him] into his hand; then I will appoint thee a place whither he shall flee.
Deuteronomy 19:5 As when a man goeth into the wood with his neighbour to hew wood, and his hand fetcheth a stroke with the axe to cut down the tree, and the head slippeth from the helve, and lighteth upon his neighbour, that he die; he shall flee unto one of those cities, and live:
Joshua 20:3 That the slayer that killeth [any] person unawares [and] unwittingly may flee thither: and they shall be your refuge from the avenger of blood.
Joshua 20:5 And if the avenger of blood pursue after him, then they shall not deliver the slayer up into his hand; because he smote his neighbour unwittingly, and hated him not beforetime.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 21:13. Nu 35:11. Dt 19:5. Jsh 20:3, 5.

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