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Numbers 35:16 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— But if he smote him with an instrument of iron, so that he died, he is a murderer: the murderer shall surely be put to death.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And if he smite him with an instrument of iron, so that he die, he [is] a murderer: the murderer shall surely be put to death.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— ‘But if he struck him down with an iron object, so that he died, he is a murderer; the murderer shall surely be put to death.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And if he shall smite him with an instrument of iron, so that he shall die, he [is] a murderer: the murderer shall surely be put to death.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And if he have smitten him with an instrument of iron, so that he die, he is a murderer: the murderer shall certainly be put to death.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— If, then, with an instrument of iron, he smote him, and he died, a manslayer, he is,—a manslayer, shall surely die.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'And if with an instrument of iron he hath smitten him, and he dieth, he [is] a murderer: the murderer is certainly put to death.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— If any man strike with iron, and he die that was struck: he shall be guilty of murder, and he himself shall die.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And if he smite him with an instrument of Iron, (so that he die,) hee is a murderer: the murderer shall surely be put to death.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And if he should smite him with an iron instrument, and the man should die, he is a murderer; let the murderer by all means be put to death.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And if he smite him with an instrument of iron, so that he die, he [is] a murderer: the murderer shall surely be put to death.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And if x518
(0518) Complement
אִם
'im
{eem}
A primitive particle; used very widely as demonstrative, lo!; interrogitive, whether?; or conditional, if, although; also Oh that!, when; hence as a negative, not.
he smite 5221
{5221} Prime
נָכָה
nakah
{naw-kaw'}
A primitive root; to strike (lightly or severely, literally or figuratively).
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
him with an instrument 3627
{3627} Prime
כְּלִי
k@liy
{kel-ee'}
From H3615; something prepared, that is, any apparatus (as an implement, utensil, dress, vessel or weapon).
of iron, 1270
{1270} Prime
בַּרְזֶל
barzel
{bar-zel'}
Perhaps from the root of H1269; iron (as cutting); by extension an iron implement.
so that he die, 4191
{4191} Prime
מָמוֹת
muwth
{mooth}
A primitive root; to die (literally or figuratively); causatively to kill.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
he x1931
(1931) Complement
הוּא
huw'
{hoo}
The second form is the feminine beyond the Pentateuch; a primitive word, the third person pronoun singular, he (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are.
[is] a murderer: 7523
{7523} Prime
רָצַח
ratsach
{raw-tsakh'}
A primitive root; properly to dash in pieces, that is, kill (a human being), especially to murder.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
the murderer 7523
{7523} Prime
רָצַח
ratsach
{raw-tsakh'}
A primitive root; properly to dash in pieces, that is, kill (a human being), especially to murder.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
shall surely y4191
[4191] Standard
מָמוֹת
muwth
{mooth}
A primitive root; to die (literally or figuratively); causatively to kill.
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
be put to death. 4191
{4191} Prime
מָמוֹת
muwth
{mooth}
A primitive root; to die (literally or figuratively); causatively to kill.
z8714
<8714> Grammar
Stem - Hophal (See H8825)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 178
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Numbers 35:16-21

_ _ If he smite him with an instrument of iron, so that he die, etc. — Various cases are here enumerated in which the Goel or avenger was at liberty to take the life of the murderer; and every one of them proves a premeditated purpose.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Numbers 35:9-34.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Numbers 35:16

If he smite him — Wittingly and wilfully, though not with premeditated malice. He shall be put to death — Yea though he were fled into the city of refuge.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Numbers 35:16

And if he (f) smite him with an instrument of iron, so that he die, he [is] a murderer: the murderer shall surely be put to death.

(f) Wittingly, and willingly.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
if he smite:

Numbers 35:22-24 But if he thrust him suddenly without enmity, or have cast upon him any thing without laying of wait, ... Then the congregation shall judge between the slayer and the revenger of blood according to these judgments:
Deuteronomy 19:11-13 But if any man hate his neighbour, and lie in wait for him, and rise up against him, and smite him mortally that he die, and fleeth into one of these cities: ... Thine eye shall not pity him, but thou shalt put away [the guilt of] innocent blood from Israel, that it may go well with thee.

the:

Numbers 35:30-33 Whoso killeth any person, the murderer shall be put to death by the mouth of witnesses: but one witness shall not testify against any person [to cause him] to die. ... So ye shall not pollute the land wherein ye [are]: for blood it defileth the land: and the land cannot be cleansed of the blood that is shed therein, but by the blood of him that shed it.
Genesis 9:5-6 And surely your blood of your lives will I require; at the hand of every beast will I require it, and at the hand of man; at the hand of every man's brother will I require the life of man. ... Whoso sheddeth man's blood, by man shall his blood be shed: for in the image of God made he man.
Exodus 21:12-14 He that smiteth a man, so that he die, shall be surely put to death. ... But if a man come presumptuously upon his neighbour, to slay him with guile; thou shalt take him from mine altar, that he may die.
Leviticus 24:17 And he that killeth any man shall surely be put to death.
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Gn 9:5. Ex 21:12. Lv 24:17. Nu 35:22, 30. Dt 19:11.

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